History of India 1971-2000






Uttar Pradesh 1947-1971


Administration : In 1947 the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh were renamed Uttar Pradesh. From 1947 to 1967, from 1969 to 1970 and from 1970 to 1977 UP was administrated by an INC-led government; from 1967 to 1968 and in 1970 UP was administrated by a BLD-led government.

Annals : 1947 : United Provinces of Agra and Oudh renamed Uttar Pradesh; joined Dominion of India; capital Lucknow
1947-1948 : mass exodus of Muslims, influx of Hindu refugees from Pakistan
1950 : Dominion of India became Republic of India
1950 : Hindi, in Devanagari script, adopted as official language
1951 : state election held; INC formed government
1952 : failure of crops in Uttar Pradesh; UP abolished rationing and price control; minor riots in UP (BBoY 1953)
1953 : floods in UP (BBoY 1954)
1954 : locust swarms, floods in UP (BBoY 1955)
1954 : Kumbs Mela celebrated at Allahabad (BBoY 1955)
1957 : state election held; INC formed government
1958 : food shortage, high prices in eastern UP (BBoY 1959)
1961 : village self-government spread in UP; communal violence in Aligarh (BBoY 1962)
1962 : state election held; INC formed government
1967 : state election held; BLD formed government
1968 : Hindu-Muslim riots in Meerut (BBoY 1969)
1969 : state election held; INC formed government
1970 : government nationalized sugar industry in UP (BBoY 1971)

Social History : In 1951 the population of Uttar Pradesh (in the borders of 2001) was 63.2 million, in 1961 73.7 million, in 1971 88.3 million.
In 1947-1948, Uttar Pradesh experienced a significant exodus of Muslims (to Pakistan) and a similar influx of non-Muslim refugees coming from Pakistan.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Modern History of Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
UP Legislature, a Historical Sketch, from UP Legislature
Article Lucknow History, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
List of Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 pp.383-386 [G]
Article : India, Dominion of, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 pp.337-340, 1950 pp.357-359 [G]
Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951 pp.359-361, 1952 pp.353-355, 1953 pp.352-355, 1954 pp.352-354, 1955 pp.401-403, 1956 pp.342-344, 1957 pp.405-407, 1958 pp.338-340, 1959 pp.335-337, 1960 pp.334-336, 1961 pp.340-342, 1962 pp.332-333, 1963 pp.449-451, 1964 pp.426-427, 1965 pp.421-423, 1966 pp.372-375, 1967 pp.407-410, 1968 pp.409-411, 1969 pp.402-404, 1970 pp.408-410, 1971 pp.388-391, 1972 pp.355-358 [G]
Article : India, Republic of, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.371-375 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.349-353, 1962 pp.354-358, 1963 pp.320-324, 1964 pp.319-322, 1965 pp.326-329, 1967 pp.347-350, 1968 pp.340-344, 1969 pp.348-351, 1970 pp.350-354, 1971 pp.343-346, 1972 pp.336-341 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 11th 2007

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