1947-1971 History of India






West Bengal since 1971


Administration : The position of chief minister of West Bengal, from 1971 to 1977 by politicians from the Indian National Congress, since 1977 by politicians from the CPI-M (the pro-Chinese wing of the Communist Party of India).

Annals : In 1971, state elections were held in West Bengal; an INC-led administration was formed. The number of East Pakistani refugees in West Bengal was estimated at 7 million (BBoY 1972).
In 1972 the 10 million East Bengali refugees who had sought shelter in India in 1971 returned to Bangladesh. The INC won elections in West Bengal (BBoY 1973).
In 1974 rural areas in West Bengal experienced famine (BBoY 1975).
In 1977 state elections were held in West Bengal; the Left Front led by the CPI-M emerged victorious and formed a government.
In 1978 Calcutta suffered inundation (BBoY 1979).
In 1979 Calcutta resident Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
In 1980, state elections were held in West Bengal; the Left Front emerged victorious.
In 1984 the CPI-M won state elections.
In 1986 the Gorkhaland National Liberation Front began an occasionally violent campaign for separation of the Nepali-speaking parts of Darjeeling District from West Bengal.
In 1988 the Darjeeling Gorkha Hills Council was established, granting Gorkhaland cultural autonomy within West Bengal.
In 1989 the CPI-M won state elections.
In 1991 West Bengal experienced the influx of ethnic Nepali refugees from Bhutan; the CPI-M won state elections and again formed a government (BBoY 1992).
In 1993 a bomb blast in Calcutta resulted in the death of 60 persons (BBoY 1994).
In 1996 the CPI-M won state elections.
In 1998 the CPI-M won state elections.
In 1999 the CPI-M won state elections.
In 2001 Calcutta was renamed Kolkata
In 2006 the CPI-M won state elections.

Social History : In 1971 the population of West Bengal was 44.4 million, in 1981 54.4 million, in 1991 68.0 million, in 2001 80.2 million.
The Statesman's Yearbook, based on censi, gives the literacy rate of West Bengal as 33.05 % in 1971, 40.08 % in 1981, in 1991 57.7 %, in 2001 69.22 % (77.58 % for men). In 1991, 74.7 % of the population were Hindu, 23.5 % Muslim; in 1961 the respective figures were 78.7 % Hindu and 19.9 % Muslim.






EXTERNAL
FILES
West Bengal Legislative Assembly, has history
Article West Bengal, from Wikipedia
Article Cooch Behar, from Wikipedia
Article Changernagar, from Wikipedia
Article Gorkhaland, from Wikipedia
Article Naxalites, from Wikipedia
Article Communist Party of India (Marxist), from Wikipedia
Article Mother Teresa, from Wikipedia
History of Darjeeling, from Wikipedia
History of Kolkata after Independence, from Wikipedia
History of Calcutta, from Calcutta Web
West Bengal Election Committee, has election history 1951-1999
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : India, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : India, by province (J. Lahmeyer)
Assembly Election Results of West Bengal 1951, 1957, from Wikipedia
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
REFERENCE Article : India, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.355-358, 1973 pp.353-356, 1974 pp.361-364, 1975 pp.380-383, 1976 pp.403-405, 1977 pp.402-404, 1978 pp.434-436, 1979 pp.426-428, 1980 pp.431-433, 1981 pp.430-432, 1982 pp.428-430, 1983 pp.423-426, 1984 pp.425-428, 1985 pp.508-511, 701-702, 1986 pp.698-699, 1987 pp.473-475, 667-668, 1988 pp.431-432, 619-620, 1989 pp.431-432, 620-621, 1990 pp.448-450, 635-636, 1991 pp.430-432, 620-621, 1992 pp.402-404, 619-620, 1993 pp.404-406, 628-629, 1994 pp.404-406, 627-628, 1995 pp.419-420, 628-629, 1996 pp.416-418, 628-629, 1997 pp.430-432, 626-627, 2002 pp.437-438, 630-631 [G]
Article : India, in : The Statesman's Year-Book 1975-1976 pp.331-397, 1976-1977 pp.332-398, 1978-1979 pp.599-665, 1979-1980 pp.603-671, 1980-1981 pp.601-669, 1981-1982 pp.604-672, 1983-1984 pp.609-675, 1984-1985 pp.610-677, 1985-1986 pp.613-680, 1986-1987 pp.616-683, 1987-1988 pp.622-689, 1988-1989 pp.624-691, 1989-1990 pp.630-698, 1990-1991 pp.631-699, 1991-1992 pp.628-697, 1992-1993 pp.701-771, 1993-1994 pp.704-770, 1994-1995 pp.696-762, 1995-1996 pp.693-759, 1996-1997 pp.635-701, 1997-1998 pp.640-707, 1998-1999 pp.690-758, 2000 pp.796-872, 2001 pp.774-849, 2002 pp.805-885, 2003 pp.807-887, 2004 pp.810-891, 2005 pp.811-894, 2006 pp.808-890 [G]
Article : India, in : Americana Annual 1972 pp.336-341, 1973 pp.344-348, 1974 pp.290-293, 1976 pp.103, 289-292, 1988 pp.275-276, 1989 pp.273-276, 1990 pp.267-270, 1992 pp.276-278, 1993 pp.276-278, 1994 pp.275-277, 1998 pp.272-274, 2006 pp.204-206 [G]
Article : India, in : Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1976 pp.279-287 (Robert H. Donaldson), 1980 pp.247-252 (Walter Andersen) [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 11th 2007

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