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India Pakistan
First posted on May 22nd 2002, last revised on May 27th 2010

Until 1765, Bengal was part of the domains of the Nawab of Awadh (Oudh), nominally a vassall of the Mughal Emperor. In 1765 the latter two ceded Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the E.I.C. which formed these territories into the Bengal Presidency. In 1905 the Province of East Bengal and Assam was carved out of Bengal Presidency. This partition of Bengal met strong opposition. In 1912 the combined territory of Bengal Presidency and East Bengal and Assam was reorganized in three provinces, Assam, Bengal, and the third being Bihar and Orissa.
When British India was released into independence in 1947, the Province of Bengal was torn into two parts, East Bengal (with Sylhet District, hitherto part of Assam) which joined Pakistan as East Pakistan, and West Bengal, which joined the Republic of India.
Pakistan had a peculiar structure, consisting of two parts separated by over 1000 km. The political centre lay in West Pakistan; the Bengali soon regarded themselves ill-represented, as most of the state revenue was spent on constructing an infrastructure in West Pakistan and to finance the armed forces. Democratic rule episodically being interrupted by military dictatorship made political opposition only more difficult. In 1971 the suppression of oppositional protest in East Pakistan by state authorities resulted in the Third Indo-Pakistani War, and in the independence of Bangladesh.

Bangla Desh since 1990
Bangla Desh 1971-1990

East Pakistan 1958-1971
East Pakistan 1947-1958

Historical Atlas, Bangladesh Page; Historical Atlas, South Asia Page

Students' Paper : Lee, Seung Heon, History of Transportation in South Asia (2009)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, Countries : Bangladesh
Library of Congress Country Study : Bangladesh; from World Wide Gazetteer
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL, from dmoz
from Bangladesh Virtual Library; from Post-Colonial Web; Category : Bangladesh, from UCB; List of Bangladesh-related Topics, from Wikipedia
on History from Post-Colonial Web
Category : History of Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Organizations Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
Department of Archaeology, Bangladesh
Historical Dictionaries Bangladesh Wetpaint
Banglapedia, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Timelines from timelines.ws, a website exploiting US newspaper articles, very detailed on the 20th century; from BBC News
Accounts of History Current History of Bangladesh, from Lonely Planet, from Liberation War Museum Online, from Virtual Bangladesh, from bongoz.com
History of Bangladesh, from Wikipedia; from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World (Robert Winslow)
Bangladesh Wetpaint, scroll down for history section
Specific Periods
Politics Links Political Resources on the Net : Bangla Desh; Governments on the WWW : Pakistan; Category : Politics of Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Bangladesh Wetpaint, scroll down for government & politics section
General Government of Bangladesh (Official Website)
Article Politics of Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Bangladesh Profile, from International Crisis Group
Global Integrity Report : Bangladesh 2008
Institutions Article : Jatiyo Sangshad, from Wikipedia
Separation of the Judiciary from the Executive : A Brief History, from Supreme Court of Bangladesh
Political Parties, Movements Category : Political Parties in Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Foreign Relations Article : Foreign Relations of Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Anand Kumar, Pakistan-Bangladesh Relations in the Aftermath of Khaleda's Visit, 2006 South Asia Analysis Group
Syed Anwar Husain, Comments on Bangladesh-Myanmar Relations
India-Bangladesh Relations, from IPCS
History of EC-Bangladesh Relations, from The Delegation of the European Union to Bangladesh
History of Diplomatic Relations between France and Bengal/Bangladesh, from Ambafrance
Robie I. Samantha Roy, India-Bangladesh Water Dispute, ICE Case Studies 2002
Military Wars of Bangladesh, from ACED
Liberation War Museum Online
History of the Bangladesh Army, from Bangladesh Army
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Bangladesh; Article Economy of Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Mohammad Niaz Asadullah, Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan 1947-1971 : Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against ? (2006)
Bangladesh Wetpaint, scroll down for economy section
Mines and Communities : Bangladesh
Global Integrity : Bangladesh 2007
Enterprise Bangladesh, from Economy Point
Social History Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Bangladesh
Bangladesh and Philanthropy, from Philanthropy and the Third Sector in Asia and the Pacific
Ethnography Languages of Bangladesh (39), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk - Bangladesh, entries Biharis, Chittagong Hill Tribes, Hindus
Country Report : Bangladesh, from
U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, reports 1997-2006
Bangladesh, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
Migration, Globalisation & Poverty, has numerous pdf files on Bangladesh
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Bangladesh
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Bangladesh, from Kirken i Norge
Category Religion in Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Bangladesh Wetpaint, scroll down for religion section
Patron Saint Index : Archdiocese of Dhaka, Diocese of Khulna, Diocese of Mymensingh, Diocese of Rajshahi
J. d'Costa, History of Christianity in Bangladesh
History of Regions Imperial Gazetteer of India of 1909-1931; search for Sylhet etc.
Divisions of Bangladesh, Districts of Bangladesh, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Dhaka (Dacca), from Wikipedia
History of Chittagong, from Banglapedia
Bangladesh Wetpaint, scroll down for cities section
Institutions Article Bangladesh Television, from Wikipedia
Article University of Dhaka, from Wikipedia
Article Education in Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Article Bangladesh Railway, from, Wikipedia
Bangladesh, from Airline History
Structurae : Bangladesh; Search Lighthouse Depot for Bangladesh
Culture Online Publications on the History of Bengali Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Article Bangladesh at the Olympics, Category : Sport in Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Bangladesh
Biographies List of Bangladeshis, from Wikipedia
Bangladesh Wetpaint, scroll down for biography section
Others Disaster History by Country : Bangladesh, from Relief Web; Category : Disasters in Bangladesh
Bangladesh Directory, from Peace Corps Online
Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF
Iftekar Iqbal, Towards an Environmental History of Colonial East Bengal

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
List of former Foreign Ministers, from MOFA BD
Lists of Ambassadors List of High Commissioners from the United Kingdom to Bangladesh, from Wikipedia
Liste des Ambassadeurs de France au Bangladesh, from Ambafrance; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Dhaka (Bangladesch), from Wikipedia German edition; List of Ambassadors of Russia to Bangladesh
U.S. Ambassadors to Bangladesh, from NNDB; Heads of Post, from MOFA, Canada
Chinese Ambassadors to Bangladesh, from PRC MOFA;
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Population Figures Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Historical Population Statistics : Bangladesh, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Population of Cities : Bangladesh, from Urban Areas, Municipalities, from City Population
Historiical Abortion Statistics : Bangladesh, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996) ; from IFES Election Guide (since 2002)
Documents Historical Newspapers Documents for the history of Bangladesh, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers links from World Newspapers, from Online Newspapers, from ABYZ News Links
Bangladesh Newspapers
Newsreels British Pathe
Wochenschau-Archiv (in German)
Archief Beeld en Geluid : Polygoon (in Dutch)
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Bangladesh Liberation War 1971 Photo Gallery
Hasibul Islam, Hundred Year+ Old Pictures of Dhaka and Bangladesh
Bangladesh Photo Gallery : Historical Places
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Oriental Collections
Items on Bangladesh
AGSL Digital Photo Archive : Asia and Middle East
Universal Collections
Items on Bangladesh
License Plates, from World License Plate from Francoplaque, from pl8s.com
Passport, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Bangladesh
Medals of Bangladesh, from OMSA
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for Bangladesh
The U.S. and the South Asia Crisis of 1971, from National Security Archive
Bangladesh Collection, from IISG (NL)
Constitutions, Laws Bangladesh Constitution, 2004
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Bangla Desh, from ILO, 33 docs. since 1972
Internet Law Library : Bangladesh; Constitution, from PMO
Document Surveys British Library, Guide to Current South Asian Official Publications; scroll down for Bangladesh
Document Collections Bangladesh Declaration of Independence (1971, excerpts), from Bangladesh : History of Independence
Government of PR Bangladesh, Planning Commission, Digital Library
Historical Maps Survey of Bangladesh, national surveying and mapping agency for Bangladesh
see here
Schwartzberg, Historical Atlas of South Asia, posted by DSAL
Bangladesh & Bhutan, from Asian Linguistic Maps, covers Eastern India
Maps : Indic Languages from Titus
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs Bengali Intellectuals in the Age of Decolonization, Tufts Univ.
Institutions Archives Article Archives, from Banglapedia; National Archive and National Library of Bangladesh
National Archives of Bangladesh, from Archives Wiki
Monuments Tentative List : Bangladesh, World Heritage List, scroll down for Bangladesh; from UNESCO World Heritage
Libraries Libraries in Bangladesh, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Bangladesh, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coins of Bangladesh, from Zeno

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Bangladesh survey of bibliographies South Asia Bibliographies : Bangladesh, an Overview, from UC Berkeley Library
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.195-284 in C. Baxter and S. Rahman, Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
pp.239-308 in C. Baxter and S. Rahman, Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, New Delhi : Vision Books 2004 [G]
annual bibliographies Annual Bibliography of Indian History and Indology vol.4 IA
specialist bibliographies V. Lal, Select Research Bibliography on the Partition of India
East Pakistan 1971 : Genocide of Bengalis, Books on Genocide and Related Topics in Bengali, from Prevent Genocide
Annotated Bibliography : Bengal Partition, by Rila Mukherjee
D. Ludden, Agrarian Bibliography of Bengal and Bangladesh (c.1990)
serial publications Publications of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
New Asia Books : Bangladesh
general bibliographies
Bangladesh entries
D. Wujastyk, Online South Asian Bibliographies
D. Milobar, South Asia History Bibliography
Bibliography on Grameen Bank, from GDRC
Search Asian Development Bank (ADB) Publications for Bangladesh
Food and Culture (Bibliography) : South Asia
Bibliography on Topics Relevant to Indic Civilization, from Indic Studies
Labor in South Asia, a Bibliography, from UC Berkeley Library
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
on Bangladesh Bangladesh WWW Virtual Library
Bangladesh Parliament Digital Library
Theses Server
Online Journals full text online Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 2006-2010 online
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
Journal Asiatique 1822-1940
The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, JSTOR : 1835-1865
Table of Contents online Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh for issues pre-2006 table of contents provided
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.14, pp.711-720 Article Bangladesh. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.14
Specific Topics M. Taheruddin, Banking and Development, Issues in Bangladesh, New Delhi : South Asian Publishers 2005 [G]
A. Begum, Village Women and Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, New Delhi : Gyan 2007 [G]
A.F. Imam Ali, Changing Social Stratification in Rural Bangladesh, New Delhi : Commonwealth Publishers 1993 [G]
Pk.Md. Motiur Rahman, Development Policies and Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh, New Delhi : Serial Publications 2005 [G]
A.H.M. Zehadul Karim, The Pattern of Rural Leadership in an Agrarian Society, New Delhi : Northern Book Centre 1990 [G]
N. Islam, Urbanization in Bangladesh and the Growth of Dhaka, Calcutta : G.P. Bagchi 1999 [G]
N.Kr. Singh (ed.), Bangladesh : Society and Change, New Delhi : Anmol 2003 [G]
Chr.V. Hill, South Asia : an Environmental History, Santa Barbara : ABC Clio 2008, 329 pp., KMLA Lib. Call Sign 304.2 H645s
Historical Dictionaries C. Baxter & E. Rahman, Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1996 [G]; 2004 [G]
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]

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