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Azad Kashmir Gilgit-Baltistan
First posted on November 30th 2008, last revised on June 6th 2010

In 1947 the British withdrew from India. The political visions of the Muslim League (a Muslim State in India called Pakistan, with Punjab, Kashmir and Sindh as core areas) and of the Indian National Congress (a Republic of India comprising of a multi-ethnic, multi-religious, unpartitioned India) conflicted. Both the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress regarded India's 500+ princely states as remnants of a feudal past. The Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir (a Hindu) opted for the Republic of India, much to the surprise of many of the Muslim inhabitants of Jammu and Kashmir, which made up the overwhelming majority of the population.
Indian-administrated Jammu & Kashmir became a state within the Republic of India, adopted a constitution (1957).

Timeline : Jammu & Kashmir

Historical Atlas : Jammu & Kashmir, British India, India, Pakistan Pages

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as Kashmir is a disputed territory, users are advised to use discretion, as many of the sources linked below are biased in one way or another. The webmaster of WHKMLA is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Country Profiles Current Jammu & Kashmir, from India Net Zone
Articles Jammu and Kashmir (India), Aksai Chin (Chinese-ocupied Kashmir), from Wikipedia
Jammu & Kashmir (India), from Webindia 123
Official Website of Jammu & Kashmir, India
Kashmir Flashpoint, from BBC News
Links General Category Jammu & Kashmir, from Wikipedia
Kashmir Virtual Library
on History Category : History of Jammu and Kashmir, from Wikipedia
Conflict in Kashmir, Selected Internet Resources, from UC Berkeley Library
Organizations Kashmir Study Group
Kashmir Heritage
Kashmiri Overseas Association (KOAUSA)
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines see here
Kashmir Timeline, by Justin Podur, since 1925
Timeline Conflict over Kashmir 1947-2002, from CNN; Timeline Kashmir 2003-2004, from The Guardian; from SATP; from Kashmir Information
Timeline of the Kashmir Cnflict, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History Current, on Kashmir History of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, the Kashmir Conflict, from Wikipedia
History of Jammu and Kashmir, from Webindia 123
History of Kashmir, from Kashmir Information, from Kashmir News Network
Short History of Kashmir Dispute, from IEER
L.N. Dhar, An Outline of the History of Kashmir, posted by Koausa
Kashmir, History of a Flashpoint, from Buzzle.com
Current, on Indian-administrated Jammu & Kashmir
Specific Periods
Politics Government of Jammu and Kashmir, from Wikipedia
Category : Indian Political Parties - Jammju and Kashmir, from Wikipedia
Military Jammu and Kashmir Assessment, from SATP
Kashmir, from Global Security
Articles Line of Control, Kargil War, from Wikipedia
M.W. Fisher, L.E. Rose, R.A. Huttenback, Himalayan Battleground, Sino Indian Rivalry In Ladakh (1963), posted on Internet Archive
Economy & Finances The Economy of (Indian) Jammu and Kashmir, from Webindia 123, from Economy Watch, from Wikipedia
Crafts of Jammu & Kashmir, from India Crafts
Social History Kashmir and IDP's, from IDP World Citizenship
Ethnography Jammu and Kashmir : Distribution of Languages, from Kashmir Study Group
India, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
Map : Jammu and Kashmir, Principal Languages 1981, from Wikipedia
Religion Jammu & Kashmir, Distribution of Religions, from Kashmir Study Group
Temples of Jammu & Kashmir, from India Net Zone
Local History History of Srinagar, from Wikipedia
History of Leh, from Wikipedia
History of Jammu, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of University of Kashmir, Hazratbal near Srinagar
Others Article Simla Agreement (1972), from Wikipedia
Jennifer Crook, War in Kashmir and its Effect on the Environment, ICE Case Studies 1998, Samantha Hulkower, Kashmir: Melting Glaciers, Boiling Conflicts, ICE Case Studies 2007
India Environment Portal : Jammu & Kashmir
Terrestrial Ecoregions : Indo-Malayan, from WWF; scroll down for Western Himalayan Subalpine Conifer Forests, Western Himalayan Broadleaf Forests, Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forests

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Population of Cities : India, Jammu and Kashmir, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996, Indian Jammu & Kashmir)
India Election Database, results since 1989
Election Database, from Election Commission of India, results since 1977
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
Documents Historical Newspapers Jammu & Kashmir News Archive (since 1997); Kashmir Herald, Archive, 2001-2005
The History of Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh, from World History Archives
Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "Kashmir", search all issues; 203 Kashmir articles, GB
Modern Newspapers links from World Newspapers
Image Databanks Photos of Kashmir, by Peter Langer
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus
Constitutions, Laws Kashmir Legal Documents, from Kashmir Information; same documents from Kashmir News Network
Document Collections UN Resolutions on Kashmir, from fisiusa
Jammu and Kashmir Documents, from SATP
Documents, from Fouq Library (www.kashmiri.info)
Baharistan-i-Shahi, ch.1, ch.2, ch.3, ch.4, ch.5, ch.6, ch.7, ch.8
Historical Maps Maps of Jammu and Kashmir, from Maps of India, from Maps-India (sites edited in India; maps do not show lines of control, claim all of Jammu & Kashmir as Indian territory)
Kashmir Maps, from PCL, Utexas
Maps of Srinagar, Kashmir, from KOAUSA
Maps, from Kashmir Study Group
Kashmir, from Asian Linguistic Maps
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives
Musea Shri Partap Singh Museum, Srinagar
Jammu Museum, from Kashmir Tourism
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - Jammu & Kashmir, from Archaeological Survey of India
Ram Chandra Kak, Ancient Monuments of Kashmir, KOAUSA
Jammu & Kashmir Index, from Showcaves
Category : Forts in Jammu and Kashmir, Palaces in Jammu and Kashmir, from Wikipedia
Category : Hindu temples in Jammu and Kashmir , Mosques in Jammu and Kashmir, Buddhist Monasteries in Ladakh, from Wikipedia
Jammu & Kashmir Temples, from Indian Temples Portal
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of (Indian) Jammu and Kashmir, from FOTW

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Kashmir from Kashmir : Hope for the Future
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
International Boundary Studies
on Kashmir Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library
Pakistan Research Repository
Fouq Library, articles on the Kashmir Issue
Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals
Online Yearbooks
General Accounts
Specific Topics Edna Fernandes, Holy Warriors. A Journey into the Heart of Indian Fundamentalism, NY " Penguin 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 294 F353h; on Kashmir p.25-45
Yearbooks Article : India : Jammu & Kashmir, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.360-362, 1975-1976 pp.366-368, 1976-1977 pp.366-368, 1978-1979 pp.633-635, 1979-1980 pp.638-640, 1980-1981 pp.635-638, 1981-1982 pp.639-641, 1983-1984 pp.641-643, 1984-1985 pp.642-644, 1985-1986 pp.644-648, 1986-1987 pp.648-650, 1987-1988 pp.654-656, 1988-1989 pp.657-659, 1989-1990 pp.664-665, 1990-1991 pp.665-667, 1991-1992 pp.662-664, 1992-1993 pp.735-737, 1993-1994 pp.735-737, 1994-1995 pp.727-729, 1995-1996 pp.724-726, 1996-1997 pp.666-668, 1997-1998 pp.671-673, 1998-1999 pp.723-725, 2000 pp.831-833, 2001 pp.808-810, 2002 pp.841-843, 2003 pp.843-845, 2004 pp.848-850, 2005 pp.848-850, 2006 pp.844-847 [G]
Article : Kashmir, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.428-429, 1961 pp.402-403, 1962 p.409, 1963 p.368 [G]

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