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West Bengal Andhra Pradesh
First posted on May 27th 2006, last revised on May 20th 2010






In 1765 the Mughal Empire formally ceded Bengal (with Bihar and Orissa) to the E.I.C. (Bengal Presidency). In 1912 the Province of Bihar and Orissa was separated from Bengal; in 1936 the Province of Orissa was separated from Bihar and Orissa. In the tradition to independence, the Province of Orissa absorbed 24 princely states (among others Athmalik, Bamra, Boudh, Banaili, Dashapalla, Dhenkanal, Kalahandi, Mayurbhanj, Nayagarh, Pal Lahara, Sonepur, Talcher). Orissa in 1950 was one of the founding states of the Republic of India.

Orissa since 1971 . Republic of India
Orissa 1947-1971 . Republic of India

For earlier history see British India, Madras Presidency

Timeline : Orissa

British India, India Page








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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from India Net Zone; from Wikipedia; from Webindia 123
Orissa State Portal
Historical S. Playne, Bengal and Assam, Behar and Orissa, their History, People, Commerce and Industrial Resources (1917), posted on Internet Archive
A. Stirling, Orissa, its geography, statistics, history, religion and antiquities (1846), posted on Internet Archive
Links General from Orissa Links
Category : Orissa, from Wikipedia
on History from Orissa Links
Category : History of Orissa, from Wikipedia
Organizations
Timelines Chronological Account of Orissan History, from Orisa Reference Annual 2005
Accounts of History General Article : History of Orissa, from Wikipedia
History of Orissa, from Webindia 123, from Wikipedia, from Rourkela.com, from South Asian History
Specific Periods S.K. Panda, Merger of Princely States in Orissa 1946, in Orissa Review 2007
P.B. Misra, Orissa under the Bhaumya Kings (1934), posted on Internet Archive
J. Campbell, Narrative of Major-General John Campbell of his Operations in the Hill Tracts of Orissa for the Suppression of Human Sacrifices and Female Infanticide (1861), posted on Internet Archive
Politics Category : Indian Political Parties - Orissa, from Wikipedia
Military Buxi Jagabandhu : The Chief Architect of Khurda Paik Rebellion of 1817, by Braja Paikaray
Paika Rebellion (1817), from khordha.nic.in
Article Santal Rebellion (1855-1856), from Banglapedia, from Wikipedia
Adivasis and the Freedom Movement, from akhra.co.in
Economy & Finances The Economy of Orissa, from Webindia 123, from Economy Watch, from Indyahills
Metal Craft of Orissa, from Orissa Review 2004
B. Patra, Maritime Contact of Ancient Orissa with the Western World, from Orissa Review 2005
E.N. Mahalik, Maritime Trade of Ancient Orissa, from Orissa Review 2004
Orissa - the Crafts Wonderland, from India Crafts
Social History J. Campbell, Narrative of Major-General John Campbell of his Operations in the Hill Tracts of Orissa for the Suppression of Human Sacrifices and Female Infanticide (1861), posted on Internet Archive
Ethnography People of Orissa, from Webindia 123
Article Adivasi, from Wikipedia
Oriya, from Languages of the World, from Ethnologue; Article Oriya Language, from Wikipedia
Religion Temples of Orissa, from The Templenet Encyclopedia; from India Net Zone
History of Regions Article : Orissa Tributary States, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Cuttack, from Cuttack District Portal
Indian Princely States, by H. Soszynski, index page
List of Indian Princely States, from Wikipedia
Article Orissa Tributary States, from Wikipedia
Article Eastern States Agency, from Wikipedia
Institutions History, of Utkal University
Structurae : Orissa
R.P. Shastry, History of Press in Orissa, from Orissa Reference Annual 2005
R.K. Mahapatra, Growth and Development of Press in Orissa, from Orissa Review 2004
Culture
Biographies
Others Agitation against British Raj in Orissa (1942), by Janmejay Choudhury
India Environment Portal : Orissa
Terrestrial Ecoregions : Indo-Malayan, from WWF; scroll down for Goadavari-Krishna Mangroves, Orissa Semi-Evergreen Forests, Northern Dry Deciduous Forests

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down
Athmalik, Aul, Balarampur, Bamra, Baramba, Chikiti, Daspalla, Dharakote, Dhenkanal, Dompada, Gangpur, Hindol, Jarada, Kalahandi, Khallikote & Atagada, Khandpara, Kheonjhar, Khariar, Khurda, Manjusha, Mayurbhanj, Narsinghpur, Nayagarh, Nilgiri, Pal Lahara, Parla Khimedi, Patna, Puri, Rairakhol, Ranpur, Sonepur, Surangi, Talcher, Tigiria, from Indian Princely States
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, by J. Lahmeyer
Population of Cities : India, Orissa, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 2000)
Assembly Election Results of Orissa, from Wikipedia
India Election Database, results since 1989
Election Database, from Election Commission of India, results since 1977
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
Documents Modern Newspapers links from IPL
The History of Orissa, from World History Archives
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Photos of Orissa, by Peter Langer
Search Delcampe Picture Postcards for Orissa
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge)
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
Constitutions, Laws Firman du Roi Schah Aalem, qui accorde le Divani du Bengale, Bahar & Orixa, a la Compagnie, 22 Aout 1765, pp.496-498 in vol.2 of J. Tieffenthaller, Description historique et geographique de l'Inde , 1787, in French, GB
Document Collections Indian Records, with a Commercial View of the Relations between the British Government and the Nawabs Nazim of Bengal, Behar and Orissa (1870), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Maps Maps of West Bengal, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
Central Provinces, w. Orissa (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Bengal Presidency 1831, from David Rumsey Collection
Map Diocese of Calcutta 1843, from Old Maps Books, commercial site
Map : Bihar and Orissa 1922, from Probert Encyclopedia
Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., Eastern Hemisphere 527 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 500 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 400 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 335 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 323 BC, Easern Hemisphere 300 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 200 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 100 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 050 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 001 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 050 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 450 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 500 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 565 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 600 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 610 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 700 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 800 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1025 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Search Atlas of Mutual Heritage for Bhadrackh, Baleshwar
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Search Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon 1809 for Orixa (in German)
Article Orissa, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles Orissa, Cuttack, Balasore, Jajpur, Oriya (language), from EB 1911
Religious De la Religion du Royaume d'Orixa, pp.571-572 in vol.4 of J. Jovet, L' Histoire des Religions de tous les Royaumes du Monde, 1724, in French, GB
Economic E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Orissa
Geographical Orixa or Orissa, pp.476-481 in vol.5 of J. Playfair, A System of Geography, Ancient and Modern, 1813, GB
G.Th. Landmann, A universal gazetteer; or, Geographical dictionary of the world (1835), posted on Internet Archive; search for Orissa
Articles Bengalen, Balasore, Cuttack, Midnapur Orissa, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Article Orissa Tributary States, Orissa Division, Cuttack District, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Historical Orixa, pp.247-248 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
Royaume d'Orixa, p.43 in J.J. Vaissette, Geographie historique, ecclesiastique et civile, 1755, in French, GB
Orixa, p.129 in vol.4 of F. de Marsy, Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens ..., 1765, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Orissa State Archives, from Libraries & Archives in South Asia Wiki, UChicago
Musea Orissa State Museum, from National Missions for Manuscripts
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - Orissa, from Archaeological Survey of India
Lighthouses of India : West Bengal, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh
Orissa Temples, from Indian Temples Portal
Showcaves : Orissa
Category : Forts in Orissa, from Wikipedia
Libraries Harekrushna a Mahtab State Library, Orissa
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins Bharati Pal, Ancient Coins of Orissa, from Orissa Review

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Search DBNG for Orixa etc.
on Orissa Indcat, Online Union Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
Orissa Review, Index 1948-2005; Orissa Review 2003-2008
Sacred Groves of India - an Annotated Bibliography, by Malhotra / Gokhale / Das
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
e-corpus
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals
General Accounts W.W, Hunter, Andrew Stirling. John Beams, N.K. Sahu, A History of Orissa, Kolkata 2 vols. 2005 (reprinted articles from the 19th/early 20th century) [G]
Specific Topics
Economic History J.K. Samal, Economic History of Orissa, New Delhi : Mittal 1990 [G]
Yearbooks Article Behar and Orissa, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p. 614 (on events of 1912) [G]
Articles : India and Dependencies : Bihar and Orissa, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1928 pp.151-152 (data of 1926-1928); India and Dependencies : Bihar and Orissa, Feudatory States, ibid. p.165 [G]
Article : India and Dependencies : Orissa, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1937 pp.169-170 (data of 1935-1937) [G]
Article : India : Orissa, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.371-373, 1975-1976 pp.378-381, 1976-1977 pp.379-381, 1978-1979 pp.646-648, 1979-1980 pp.651-653, 1980-1981 pp.649-651, 1981-1982 pp.653-655, 1983-1984 pp.655-657, 1984-1985 pp.656-658, 1985-1986 pp.660-662, 1986-1987 pp.662-664, 1987-1988 pp.669-671, 1988-1989 pp.671-674, 1989-1990 pp.678-680, 1990-1991 pp.679-681, 1991-1992 pp.677-679, 1992-1993 pp.750-752, 1993-1994 pp.750-752, 1994-1995 pp.742-744, 1995-1996 pp.739-741, 1996-1997 pp.681-683, 1997-1998 pp.687-689, 1998-1999 pp.738-740, 2000 pp.848-850, 2001 pp.825-827, 2002 pp.859-861, 2003 pp.862-864, 2004 pp.866-869, 2005 pp.868-870, 2006 pp.864-866 [G]