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Sources on the History of South Asia
Bengal Presidency Bombay Presidency
First posted on December 7th 2008, last revised on January 26 2014

Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

for earlier history see Mysore, Hyderabad, Malabar, Calicut, Deccan Sultanates, Vijayanagar
see also British India, Travancore, Cochin
for the years since 1947 see Republic of India, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh

I.) Madras Presidency under the Administration of the East India Company

Madras Presidency was established as an administrative unit of East India Company rule in (1652) 1684. By 1801 it roughly reached the territorial extent it was to maintain for over a century. In 1845 Trankebar (Tranquebar) was annexed, when Britain purchased Danish India.

II.) Madras Presidency part of British India

In 1858 the E.I.C. assets were transferred to the British government. In 1936 Ganjam District and half of Visagapatam District were split off Madras Presidency and merged with newly-formed Orissa Province. In 1953 the Telugu-speaking parts of Madras State were split off, and constituted as Andhra State. In 1956 Malabar District was annexed by newly-formed Kerala State, the South Kanara District and Coorg by Mysore State. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu.

Successor States : Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Tamil Nadu

See also East India Company-ruled India 1759-1858, British India 1858-1947, Republic of India since 1947

Students' Papers : Myeong Do Hyeong, The Clash of Cultures in Malabar : Encounters, Conflict and Interaction with European Culture, 1498-1947 (2012)

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article : Madras Presidency, from Wikipedia
Historical Ch. Lawson, Memories of Madras (1905), IA
E. Thurston, The Madras Presidency (1913), IA
Gl. Barlow, The Story of Madras (1921), IA
Some Madras Leaders (1922), IA
P.B. Smollett, Madras : Its Civil Administration (1858), IA
Manual of the Administration of the Madras Presidency (1885), IA
Standing Information Regarding the Official Administration of the Madras .. (1877), IA
The Civilian's South India: Some Places and People in Madras (1921), IA
S. Srinivasa Raghavaiyangar, Memorandum on the progress of the Madras presidency during the last forty years of British administration (1893), IA
E.B. Eastwick, Handbook of the Madras Presidency: With a Notice of the Overland Route to India (1879), IA
J. Bradshaw, Sir Thomas Munro and the British Settlement of the Madras Presidency (1894), IA
A.J. Arbuthnot, Major-General Sir Thomas Munro, Bart., K.C.B., Governor of Madras, a memoir (1889), IA
J.Th. Wheeler, Madras in the olden time: being a history of the presidency from the first foundation. Comp. from official records, vol.2 (1861), IA
Links Category : History of Tamil Nadu, History of Karnataka, History of Andhra Pradesh, History of Orissa from Wikipedia
Organizations on Asian History International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Asiatic Society, Kolkata
on Indian History Association of Labour Historians (India)
Historical Dictionaries Telugupedia
Accounts of History Article : Madras Presidency, from Wikipedia
South India during British Rule, from India Net Zone
Madras Presidency, from India Net Zone
R.M. Martin, History of the British Possessions in the East Indies, vol.1, vol.2, 1837, GB
P. Auber, Rise and progress of the British power in India, vol.1, 1837, vol.2, 1837, GB
H.H. Wilson, The history of British India : 1805-1835, 5th edition, vol.1, 1858, vol.2, 1858, vol.3, 1858, vol.4, 1858, vol.5, 1858, vol.6, 1858, vol.7, 1858, vol.8, 1858, vol.9, 1858, vol.10, 1858, GB
Administration Law, Justice J. Miller, On the administration of justice in the British colonies in the East-Indies , 1828, GB
A. Galloway, Observations on the law and constitution: and present government of India , 1832, GB
H.St. Cunningham, A Digest of Hindu Law, as Administered in the Courts of the Madras Presidency (1877), IA
Taxation, Expenditure Ch.F. Greville, British India analyzed: The provincial and revenue establishments of Tippoo Sultaun and of the Mahomedan and British Conquerors in Hindostan, pt.1, 1795, pt.2, 1795, pt.3, 1795, GB
H. St. George Tucker, A Review of the Financial Situation of the East-India Company, in 1824, 1825, GB
Replies to the Governor-General Lord William Bentinck's Queries Respecting the Ryotwar System of Revenue Administration in the Presidency of Fort St. George by the Principal Collectors of Coimbatore and Salem, 1834, GB
Constitution P. Auber, An Analysis of the Constitution of the East-India Company, and of the Laws Passed by Parliament for the Government of their Affairs, at home and abroad, 1826, GB
A. Galloway, Observations on the law and constitution: and present government of India , 1832, GB
Military J.W. William, History of the Madras Army (1882), IA
Madras: Its Army and Commerce Viewed in Connection with Bengal Policy, by a Tax-payer (1872), posted on Internet Archive
H. Fraser, Memoir and Correspondence of General James Stuart Fraser of the Madras Army (1885), posted on Internet Archive
E. Lake, Journals of the Sieges of the Madras Army, in the Years 1817, 1818, and 1819: With Observations ... (1825), posted on Internet Archive
An account of the origin, progress, and consequences of the late discontents of the army on the Madras establishment (1810), posted on Internet Archive
E. Dodwell, Alphabetical list of the officers of the Madras army : with the dates of their respective promotion, retirement, resignation or death, whether in India or in Europe; from the year 1760, to the year 1834 inclusive, corrected to September 30, 1837 (1838), IA
Economy & Finances Article : Madras Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
History of the Chennai Central Excise
Madras: Its Army and Commerce Viewed in Connection with Bengal Policy, by a Tax-payer (1872), IA
Wh. Ainslie, Medical, Geographical, and Agricultural Report of a Committee Appointed by the Madras Government (1816), IA
R.M. Martin, Statistics of the Colonies of the British Empire, 1839, GB
J.R. M'Culloch, A statistical account of the British Empire vol.1, 1839, vol.2, 1839, GB
R. Jayasurya, Trade in the Madras Presidency, 1941-1947, thesis, posted by Language in India 2009
E. Manak, Formulation of agricultural policy in Imperial India, 1872-1929 : a case of the Madras presidency, thesis Univ. of Hawaii 1979
Social History Elite P. Granda, A plurality of elites : social change in the Madras Presidency, 1800-1855, thesis Kansas State 1974
Caste U. Ganesan, Gender and Caste: Self-Respect Movement in the Madras Presidency, 1925-1950, thesis Cincinnati 2011
Gender K. Halvorsen, The Vassareddy succession dispute: female agency under the Company Raj : An exploration of south Indian womanhood, thesis Oslo 2008
U. Ganesan, Gender and Caste: Self-Respect Movement in the Madras Presidency, 1925-1950, thesis Cincinnati 2011
Labour B.P. Wadia, Labour in Madras (1921), posted on Internet Archive
Education Ch.E. Trevelyan, On the education of the people of India, 1838, GB
S. Satthianadhan, History of Education in Madras Presidency (1894), IA
The practical manual of the Madras, or national system of education (1833), posted on Internet Archive
Nutrition and Famine Wh. Ainslie, Medical, Geographical, and Agricultural Report of a Committee Appointed by the Madras Government (1816), posted on Internet Archive
H.W. Clarke, Report on the Railway Famine-traffic in the Presidencies of Madras and ... (1880), posted on Internet Archive
W. Digby, The Famine Campaign in Southern India (Madras and Bombay Presidencies and .. (1878), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Disturbances Fr.C. Brown, Letters to and from the Government of Madras, Relative to the Disturbances ... (1838), posted on Internet Archive
Scandalous Practices J. Peggs, India's Cries to British Humanity, Relative to the Suttee, Infanticide, Britisch Connexion with Idolatry, Ghaut Murders and Slavery in India, 1830, GB
The Connexion of the East-India Company's Government with the Superstitious and Idolatrous Customs and Rites of the Natives of India, 1838, GB
East India Slavery, pp.148-154 in Th. Price, Slavery in America : with Notices of the Present State of Slavery and the Slave Trade throughout the World, 1837, GB
Ethnography Articles Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, from Wikipedia
Ethnologue : India
Presidency of Madras, pp.492-495 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Article Jainism in Kerala, Tamil Jain, Hinduism in South India, Hinduism in Kerala, Hindus by District in India, Tamil Muslim, Christianity in India, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madras and Mylapore, from Wikipedia
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : India, from Kirken i Norge
The Virtual Jewish History Tour : India
(Protestant) Churches and Chapels in Madras Presidency (before 1900), posted by Spuddybike
F. Penny, The church in Madras : being the history of the ecclesiastical and missionary action of the East India Company in the presidency of Madras, vol.1 (1904), vol.2 (1904), vol.3 (1904), IA
S.S.R. Vadlamudi, Daud Shah and socio-religious reform among Muslims in the Madras presidency, thesis UTexas 2010
History of Regions See files on the history of modern states of India : Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Tamil Nadu
See also History of Kerala until the Establishment of Company Rule

A.Th. MacKenzie, Official papers concerning the construction of the Madras harbour (1902), posted on Internet Archive
G.Th. MacKenzie, A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras (1883), posted on Internet Archive
H.B. Grigg, A Manual of the Nilagiri District in the Madras Presidency (1880), posted on Internet Archive
H. le Fanu, A manual of the Salem district in the presidency of Madras (1883), posted on Internet Archive
A.J. Stuart, A manual of the Tinnevelly district in the Presidency of Madras (1879), posted on Internet Archive
H. Morris, A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidency of Madras (1878), posted on Internet Archive
A. Caldwell, A Political and General History of the District of Tinnevelly, in the Presidency of Madras: From ... (1881), posted on Internet Archive
L. Moore, Malabar Law and Custom (1905), posted on Internet Archive
T.K. Gopal Panikkar, Malabar and its Folk (1900), posted on Internet Archive
Correspondence on Moplah outrages in Malabar for the years 1849-53 (1863), posted on Internet Archive
R.S. Aiyar, History of the Nayaks of Madura (1924), posted on Internet Archive
Gazetteers : Madura (1906), Trichinopoly (1907), Salem vol.1 (1918), vol.2 (1918), Cuddapah (1915), East Godavari (1915), IA
W. Hickey, The Tanjore Mahratta Principality in Southern India: The Land of the Chola, the Eden of the South (1874), IA
S.K. Balendusekharam, Nayakas of Tanjore (1975), IA
A. Gurumurthi, Temples of Cuddapah District (1990), A
Local History Articles History of Chennai (Madras), Madurai : History, Visakhapatnam : History, Kozhikode : History, History of Mangalore
C.S. Srinivasachari, History of the City of Madras (2005), IA
Institutions Article University of Madras (of 1857), from Wikipedia; History, from Madras University
Article : Madras Stock Exchange (of 1920), from Wikipedia
Madras Presidency Radio Club, from India Times
History of Tamil Nadu Police
History of Old Madras Observatory
Madras Lighthouse, from Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships
Biographies G.R. Gleig, The life of Sir Thomas Munro, late governor of Madras, vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1830, GB
Environmental History
Others Sita Anantha Raman, From Chattrams to National Schools : Educational Philanthropy in South India, 18th to 20th Centuries, Selected Papers in Asian Studies 1994
V R Muraleedharan and D Veeraraghavan, Anti-malarial policy in the Madras Presidency: an overview of the early decades of the twentieth century., Medical History 1992
A. J. H. Russell, A Statistical Approach to the Epidemiology of Cholera in Madras Presidency (1925), posted by PNAS
N. Rajendran, The Impact Of The 1857 Revolt In Tamilnadu, People's Democracy 2007
Jain Report : (Decentralization in Tamil Nadu), Historical Perspective
Michael Katten, Colonial Lists/Indian Power : Identity Politics in Nineteenth Century Telugu-Speaking India, Columbia UP no date

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Madras Presidency, by Ben Cahoon
Statistical Data Population Figures Digital Colonial Documents (India) at La Trobe; many censi
Documents Historical Newspapers
Image Databanks India : Madras, from Tram Views of Asia
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Search Bridgeman Art, Culture & History Images for Madras
Archival Deposits India Office Records, Home Miscellaneous Series 1600-1900, published by ProQuest
India Office Records, India Office elect Materials, held at the British Library
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge) for Madras Presidency
Tamil Nadu Archives, from TANAP
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL for Madras
National Archives of India, Press-list of Records Belonging to the Foreign Department of the Government, 1784, 1970, typoscript, GB
Accounts and Papers vol.40 (11) East Indies, 1839
Laws A Penal Code Prepared by the Indian Law Commissioners, 1837, GB
Treaties C.U. Aitchison, A Collection Treaties, Engagement, And Sunnuds, vol.5 (1876), v. 5. The treaties, &c., relating to Hyderabad, Mysore, Coorg, the Madras Presidency, and Ceylon, IA
Document Collections Calendar of the Madras despatches 1744-1755 (1920), IA
L.H. Dawson, Vestiges of Old Madras, 1640-1800 : traced from the East India Company's records preserved at Fort St. George and the India Office and from other sources, vol.4 (1913), index (1913), IA
Selections from the records of the Madras government. Dutch records vol.3 (1908), vol.4 (1908), vol.5 (1908), vol.6 (1908), vol.7 (1908), vol.8 (1908), vol.9 (1908), vol.10 (1908), vol.11 (1908), vol.12 (1908), vol.13 (1908), vol.14 (1908), posted on Internet Archive
Digital Colonial Documents (India posted at La Trobe Univ.
Documents for the history of India, from Project South Asia; Indian History Sourcebook
Copies and Extracts of Advices to and from India, Relative to the Cause, Progress and Successful Termination of the War with the Late Tippoo Sultan, Chief of Mysore, 1800, GB
Individual Documents Report from the select committee on the affairs of the East India Company , 1832, GB
E.Ch. Prinsep, Record of Services of the Honourable East India Company's Civil Servants in the Madras .. (1885), posted on Internet Archive
Census of India 1911 vol.12, The section dealing with industries and industrial occupations in the presidency by Alfred Chatterton, posted on Internet Archive
G. Pigot, Original papers relative to Tanjore: containing all the letters which passed, and the conferences which were held, between His Highness the Nabob of Arcot and Lord Pigot, on the subject of the restoration of Tanjore. Together with the material part of Lord Pigot's last dispatch to the East India Company (1777), IA
An enquiry into the policy of making conquests for the Mahometans in India, by the British arms; in answer to a pamphlet entitled "Considerations on the conquest of Tanjore." (1779), IA
Original Papers Relative to the Rights and Pretensions of the Nabob Or Arcot ... (1785), posted on Internet Archive
E. Burke, Mr. Burke's speech on the motion made for papers relative to the directions for charging the Nabob of Arcot's private debts to Europeans, on the revenues of the Carnatic, February 28th, 1785, IA
The case of His Highness Prince Azeem Jah, Nawaub of the Carnatic, and Soubahdar of Arcot. In Support of the Petitions by His Highness to the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain (1859), IA
Historical Maps Maps : Madras Presidency 1909, Northern Half Madras Presidency 1909, Southern Half, Madras and Environs, (J.G. Bartholomew/Imperial Gazetteer of India), posted by DSAL
Historical Maps of India, links from Rootsweb
Schwartzberg, Historical Atlas of South Asia, posted by DSAL
Linguistic Map of South India, Railway Lines S. India 1914, Madras Presidency Administrative, 1936, from Wikipedia
An atlas of the southern part of India, including plans of all the principal towns & cantonments, reduced from the grand trigonometrical survey of India, shewing also the Tenasserim provinces, 1854, IA, has district maps
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article : St. George, p.690 in vol.7 of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1797, GB
Article : St. George, p.668 in vol.9 of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1823, GB
Madras Presidency, pp.189-190 in vol.8 of Encyclopaedia americana, 1838, GB
Retro Bibliothek, search Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1893-1897 for Madras Presidency-related articles, in German
Articles Madras Presidency, Diistricts : Laccadive Islands, Kanara, Malabar District, Coorg (Nilgiri), Coimbatore District, Trichinopoly District, Tinnevelly District, Tanjore District, Arcot, Salem, India, Chingleput District, Bellary District, Anantapur District, Kurnool District, Nellore District, Cuddapah, Guntur District, Godavari District, Vizagapatam District, Ganjam District, Cities : Mangalore, Calicut, Cannanore, Tellicherry, Madras, Princely States : Banganapalle, Sandur, Pudukkottai
Religious Article Madras, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Economic Coromandel, pp.81-82, Madras, p.168, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Present State of Agriculture in Hindostan, pp.145-150 in J.Ch. Loudon, An Encyclopaedia of Agriculture, vol.1, 1825, GB
E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Madras Presidency
Geographical W. Hamilton, The East Indian Gazetteer, vol.1, vol.2, 1828, GB
A Gazetteer of Southern India: With the Tenasserim Provinces and Singapore (1855), posted on IA
Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908-1931, posted by DSAL
Presidency of Madras, p.180-182 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Madras Presidency, p.7 in vol.2 of J.E. Worcester, A Geographical Dictionary or Universal Gazetteer, Ancient and Modern, 1823, GB
Madras Presidency, pp.195-196 in vol.5 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1838, GB
Articles Arcot, Armegon, Balagaht, Baypur, Bellary, Chicacole, Chinapatam, Circars, Cochin, Coimbatur, Combakonum, Condapilly Conjeveram, Coringa, Cuddalore, Curg, Darapuram, Dindigul, Fort St. David, Gandicotta, Gandscham, Gumsur, Guntur, Hindia, Jamallabad, Karnatik, Kistnagherry, Kurnul, Madras, Madura, Mangalore, Masulipatam, Merkara, Nagore, Nellore, Pallamkottah, Radschamundri, Ramnad, Sadras, Salem, Samulcottah, Sattiyamangalam, Seringham, Sidhut, Tanjore, Tellitscherry, Tinnevelly, Tondy, Tranquebar, Travancore, Trichinopoly, Trinomalli, Tripatti Trivanderam, Tutikorin, Vellore, Verapoli, Vizagapatam, Yanaon, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides J.B. Seely, The road book of India 1825, GB
Forbes, East India and colonial guide 1841, GB
Anglo-Hindustanee Handbook 1850, GB
E.B. Eastwick, A handbook for India 1859, GB
Travelogues J.Ph. Berjeau, Calcoen, a Dutch narrative of the second voyage of Vasco da Gama to Calicut, printed at Antwerp (1874), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives National Archives of India
Musea Government Museum Chennai
Monuments Article : Fort St. George (Chennai), in Wikipedia
National Symbols Official Symbols
Coins, Banknotes Coins of Madras Presidency, from Bharat Coins, from Indian Coins

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Madras Presidency D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Madras Presidency, from RHS Bibliography
Bibliography of books on Tamil History, Ethnicity, Culture, Sri lankan Tamils and Tamilnadu Politics, from Tamil Electronic Library
Indcat, Online Union Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Madras
Internet Archive
Center for Research Libraries (CRL)
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories : India
Online Journals Directories Directory of Open Access Journals
Electronic Journals Online
on Madras Madras missionary register, vol.2-4, 1836, GB
General Accounts
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Historical Atlasses Gordon Johnson, Cultural Atlas of India, NY : Facts on File 1996, 240 pp., illustrated, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954 J66c

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