History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Literature on the History of South Asia . Literature on the History of Southeast Asia
Roof of Asia Mainland Southeast Asia
First posted on February 9th 2014

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Prehistory . 600 BCE-750 CE . 750-1174 . 1170-1234 . 1234-1352 . 1352-1576 . 1576-1717 . 1717-1757 . 1757-1947 . since 1947

Relics dating back to 20,000 B.P. have been found.

600 BCE-750 CE
Early Indian oral literature mentions Bengal. Vanga (c.500 BCE) is believed to have been an early coastal kingdom engaged in seafaring and trade. At the time of Alexander the Great (326 BCE), the Kingdom of Gangaridai is ascribed similar characteristics. Temporarily, Bengal was under the Gupta Dynasty; the Buddhist missionaries Ashoka (c. 200 BCE) dispatched to South East Asia may well have sailed from Bengali ports. From 590 to 626 CE, the Gauda Dynasty ruled in Bengal.

Bengal was Buddhist Kingdom under the Pala Dynasty.

Bengal was Hindu Kingdom under the Sena Dynasty.

Bengal was Hindu Kingdom under the Deva Dynasty.

Bengal was an independent Muslim Sultanate.

Bengal was a province of the Mughal Empire.

In 1717, the Nawab of Bengal was elevated from Mughal vassall to sovereign prince.

In 1757-1765, the East India Company acquired Bengal (with Bihar and Orissa). In the years until 1857 the E.I.C. quickly expanded the area under direct rule; the Punjab, Hindustan (the Gangetic plain) and Assam were, as Bengal Presidency, administrated from Fort William (= Calcutta). In the first decades, British rule met resistance; around 1770 Bengal experienced a major famine. As the E.I.C. banned missionary activity, English missionary William Carey established the Danish enclave of Serampore as the center of Indic studies; it grew into the University of Calcutta and contributed to the Bengal Renaissance. The Sepoy Rebellion 1857-1858 caused the bankrupcy of the E.I.C.; her assets in India were taken over by the British crown. In order to create provinces of roughly similar size and population, the British authorities in 1905 split Bengal in two, merging East Bengal with Assam. The measure was widely opposed, and in 1911 the status quo ante was restored. In 1913 Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
In 1943, Bengal experienced a major famine.

since 1947
In 1947 British colonial rule ended. Bengal was split into West Bengal, which became a state within the Union (since 1950 : Republic) of India, and East Bengal, which together with the hitherto Assamese Sylhet District became East Pakistan. In 1971 East Pakistan seceded from Pakistan to form independent Bangladesh. In the course of the three Indo-Pakistani Wars, Hindu refugees left Bengal to settle in adjacent regions of India, while Muslim refugees fled from adjacent regions in India into Bangladesh.

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern
Historical W.H.A. Wood, A Short Geography of Bengal 1895, IA
E. Backhouse Eastwick, Handbook of the Bengal Presidency (1882), IA
S. Playne et al., Bengal and Assam, Behar and Orissa : their History, People, Commerce, and Industrial Resources (1917), IA
Organizations Society of South Asian Archaeology
Asiatic Society Kolkata; Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Archaeological Survey of India
Numismatic Society of India; Oriental Numismatic Society
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts
Institute of Historical Studies, Kolkata
Historical Dictionary E.G. Balfour, The Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, IA
Banglapedia, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Bangladesh Wiki
Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909-1931, DSAL
Accounts of History
South Asian Perspective
European Perspective R.M. Martin, The History, Antiquities, Topography, and Statistics of Eastern India, 1838, GB
G.P. Maffei, Le istorie dell' Indie Orientali, edition of 1589, edition of 1749, in Italian, GB
F. Guerreiro, Indianische Relation was sich in den Königreichen Pegu, Bengala, Bissnaga und etlich andern Ländern der gegen Auffgang gelegenen Indien von 1604 und etlich folgenden Jahren .. zugetragen, 1611, German trsl. of the Portuguese, GB
Anon., Historical and Ecclesiastical Sketches of Bengal, from the Earliest Settlement until the Virtual Conquest of that Country by the English in 1757, 1831, GB
E. Lethbridge, An Easy Introduction to the History and Geography of Bengal (1874), IA
Specific Periods
Until 600 BCE F.J. Monahan, The Early History of Bengal 1925, IA
A. Datta, Subsistence Strategies of the Chalcolithic People of West Bengal : an Appraisal, Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 25, 2005 pp.41-47
Article : Prehistory, Banglapedia
S. Neogi, Scope of Geoarchaeology in depicting the Early Hominin Environments in the Gandheswari River Basin of Bankura district, West Bengal, eTraverse, The Indian Journal of Spatial Science II 2 2011
D.K. Chakrabarti, Ancient Settlements of the Ganga Plain : West Bengal and Bihar, Indologica 23/24 1997-1998 pp.93-115
S. Ansari, Review of M.M. Hoque, Prehistoric and Protohistoric Settlement Pattern of Bengal Delta, 2002, Ancient Asia 4 2013
S. Gupta, The Bay of Bengal Interaction Sphere (1000 BC-AD 500) , Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 25, 2005 pp.21-30
600 BCE-600 CE R.C. Majumdar, History of Ancient Bengal, 1971
600-1450 J.A. Bourdillon, Bengal under the Muhammadans 1902, IA
R.M. Eaton, The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760 , 1993
Article : Shashanka, Wikipedia, (590-626)
Article : Pala Empire, Wikipedia, (750-1174)
Article : Sena Dynasty, Wikipedia, (1070-1230)
Article : Sena Dynasty, Banglapedia
Article : Sultanate of Bengal, Wikipedia, (1352-1576)
R.D. Banerji, The Palas of Bengal, 1915, IA
1450-1750 J.A. Bourdillon, Bengal under the Muhammadans 1902, IA
R.M. Eaton, The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760 , 1993
Article : Sultanate of Bengal, Wikipedia, (1352-1576)
T. Raychaudhuri, Bengal under Akbar and Jahangir 1966
D.G. Yogendra-Natha, Bengal in the Sixteenth Century (1914), IA
A. Chatterjee, Bengal in the Reign of Aurangzib 1658-1707 1967
M. Saleem Allah, A Narrative of the Transactions in Bengal, during the Soobahdaries of Azeem us Shan, Jaffer Khan, Shuja Khan, Sirafraz Khan and Alyvirdy Khan (1788), IA
J. Scott, A Narrative of the Transactions in Bengal during the Administration of Mr. Hastings (1784), IA
Article Nawab of Bengal, from Wikipedia (1717-1757)
Nawabs of Bengal, from IndiaNetZone
Christopher Buyers, Royal Ark : Murshidabad
K. Sharma, Since when began the independent Nawabship of Bengal ? What was the importance of the farman of 1717 ?
Bangladesh Studies O Level Pilot Textbook : The decline of the Mughals in Bengal and the growth of the Nawabs
1750-1914 B.S. Das, Civil Rebellion in the Frontier Bengal (1760-1805) 1973
S. Sarkar, On the Bengal Renaissance 1979
D. Kopf, British Orientalism and the Bengal Renaissance, 1969
M.K. Haldar, Renaissance and Reaction in 19th Century Bengal 1977
B.J. Ghosh, The Revolt of 1905 in Bengal, 1987
V.K. Saxena, The Partition of Bengal (1905-1911), 1987
C.E. Buckland, Bengal under the Lieutenant Governors 1858-1898 vol.1 1901
since 1914 J. Mukherjee, Hungry Bengal : War, Famine, Riots, and the End of Empire 1939-1946, thesis Michigan 2011
Administration / Politics Articles Bengal Provincial Congress, Muslim League (Bengal Provincial), Bengal Moslem Council Party, Bengal Muslim Party, from Banglapedia
Article Election, Constitutional Development, from Banglapedia
Articles The Council, Bengal Pact (1923), from Banglapedia
West Bengal Legislative Assembly, Assam Legislative Assembly, from Legislative Bodies in India, both have pre-partition history
S.Ch. Mitra, The Land Law of Bengal (with Behar and Orissa) (1921), IA
J.J.A. Campos, History of the Portuguese in Bengal, 1960
Military Maratha Raids Bengal, from India's History; Article : Marathe Expeditions in Bengal, from Wikipedia
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1756 - British Expedition against Calcutta
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1756 - Siraj ud Daulah expedition against Calcutta
Article : Battle of Palashi (Plassey) 1757, from Banglapedia; Battle of Plassey, from Wikipedia
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1757 - British Expedition against Chandernagore
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1757 - British campaign in Bengal
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1757-02-04 - Combat of Calcutta
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1759 - Dutch operations in Bengal
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1759 - British relief of Patna
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1760 - British operations in Bengal
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : 1761 - British operations in Bengal
Article : Battle of Buxar 1764, fromn Banglapedia
A. Broome, History of the Rise and Progress of the Bengal Army, 1850, GB
Kronoskaf : Seven Years War : Bengal European Regiment
Category : Forts in Bangladesh, Forts in Bihar, Forts in Orissa, Forts in West Bengal, from Wikipedia
Article : Fort William, from Banglapedia, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances
Periods of Economic History
Currency & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Bangladesh
Article Modern Banking System, from Banglapedia
J. Steuart, The principles of money applied to the present state of the coin of Bengal, 1772, GB
E. Thomas, The initial coinage of Bengal: introduced by the Muhammadans .., 1866, GB
G.P.S. Scutt, The history of the Bank of Bengal; an epitome of a hundred years of banking in India 1904, IA
Trade Article : Trade and Commerce, from Banglapedia
Article : Dutch Bengal, from Wikipedia; Article : The Dutch, from Banglapedia
Article : V.O.C. in Bengalen, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
B. Gupta, Competition and control in the market for textiles:The weavers and the East India Company
Article : Jute Trade, from Wikipedia
R. Sarkar et al., Two Nineteenth Century Trade Routes in the Eastern Himalayas: the Bhutanese trade with Tibet and Bengal, Journal of Bhutan Studies vol.15 no.3 2006 pp.56-83
A. Deb, Tibet and Bengal. A Study in Trade Policy and Trade Pattern (1775-1875), Bulletin of Tibetology vol.3 no.3 1984 pp.17-32
C.R. Markham, Travels in Great Tibet, and Trade between Tibet and Bengal, Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society vol.19 no.5, 1874-1875 pp.327-347
International Workshop on Southern Silk Route 2008, Summary of Proceedings
H.T. Colebrooke, Remarks on the husbandry and internal commerce of Bengal 1804, IA
Agriculture J.G. Medlicott, Cotton Hand-Book for Bengal, 1862, GB
Article : Jute, from Banglapedia
Article : Jute Trade, from Wikipedia
Article : Rice, from Banglapedia
Article : Opium, from Banglapedia
Bengal and Malwa Opium, p.17 from C.R. Haines, A Vindication of England's Policy with Regard to the Opium Trade, 1884
Articles Plantation Forestry, Tea, Tea Industry, from Banglapedia
Crafts Article : Muslin, from Wikipedia; from Banglapedia
Calico, Muslin, Gauze - a history of frabric terminology Part 1, Part 2, by the Dreamstress
Articles : Handicrafts, Cottage Industry, Industry, from Banglapedia
B. Gupta, Competition and control in the market for textiles:The weavers and the East India Company
Bengal Textiles, International Cloth, from China National Textile and Apparel Council
P. Kilgour, T. Woodhouse, The Jute Industry : from Seed to Finished Cloth (1921), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Social History K.P. Baul, The Society of Bengal in the Mughal Period, from WikiEducator
H.H. Risley, The tribes and castes of Bengal, 1891, IA
R.B. Inden, Marriage and Rank in Bengali Culture. A Study of Caste and Clan in Middle Period Bengal, 1976, GB
Article : Caste System and Untouchability, from Banglapedia
Caste System of Bengal, from A Short History of Bengal
K.K. Debnath, Evolution Of Baidya Community Of Bengal - Its Origin And Development 2010
K.K. Debnath, Development of Vedic social system of casteism in Bengal 2010
Armenians in Chinsurah etc., from Indian Settlement in Armenia and Armenian Settlements in India
H. Tudu, The Blacks of East Bengal - A Native's Perspective, 1998
M.A. Huque, History And Problems of Moslem Education In Bengal, 1917, IA
Article : Famine from Banglapedia
Article : Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829, from Wikipedia
R.L. Hardgrave Jr., The Representation of Sati : Four Eighteenth Century Etchings by Baltazard Solvyns, Bengal Past and Present, 117 (1998): pp.57-80
Article : Thuggee and Dacoity Suppression Acts, 1836-1848 , from Wikipedia
T. Lloyd, 'Thuggee' and the Margins of the State in Early Nineteenth-Century Colonial India
G. Hambly, A Note on the Trade in Eunuchs in Mughal Bengal, Journal of the American Oriental Society vol.94 1974 pp.125-130
Articles : Bengal Famine of 1770, 1943, Wikipedia
R. Melson, Bengal Famine of 1770, 2006
M.B. Tauger, Entitlement, Shortage and the 1943 Bengal Famine : Another Look, Journal of Peasant Studiers 31 1 2003 pp.45-73
L. Brennan, Government Famine Relief in Bengal, 1943, Journal of Asian Studies 47 3 1988 pp.542-567, jstor
Pr.Ch. Sinha, The Problem of Education in Bengal (1941), IA
M.A. Huque, History and Problems of Moslem Education in Bengal (1917), IA
T.K. Dutt, Hungry Bengal (1944), IA
J. Peggs, India's Cries to British Humanity, Relative to the Suttee, Infanticide, Britisch Connexion with Idolatry, Ghaut Murders and Slavery in India, 1830, GB
The Connexion of the East-India Company's Government with the Superstitious and Idolatrous Customs and Rites of the Natives of India, 1838, GB
East India Slavery, pp.148-154 in Th. Price, Slavery in America : with Notices of the Present State of Slavery and the Slave Trade throughout the World, 1837, GB
T. Sarkar, A Prehistory of Rights: The Age of Consent Debate in Colonial Bengal, Feminist Studies 26 3 2000 pp.601-622, jstor
Ethnography Bengali Language, from I Love India; History of Bangla Language, from Bangla Online
Article Bangla Language, from Banglapedia
Article Armenians, from Banglapedia
E.T. Dalton, Ethnology of Bengal, 1872, IA
H.H. Risley, The tribes and castes of Bengal, 1891, IA
Bengali - Religion and Expressive Culture, from Every Culture
H. Tudu, The Blacks of East Bengal - A Native's Perspective, 1998
Religion General K.N. Islam, Historical Overview of Religious Pluralism in Bengal, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.26-33
Shamanism E.S. Saad, Religious Aspects of Adibasi Life in Bangladesh, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.93-97
Hinduism Article : Persecution of Hindus : During Islamic Rule of the Indian Subcontinent, from Wikipedia
Article : Bengali Brahmins, from Wikipedia
Temples of Bengal, from Temple Net; from Art History, UPenn (images)
P.C. Mandal, Aryan Religious Traditions in Bengal from Gupta through Sena Periods: An Introductory Note, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.34-36
J.T. O'Connell, Chaitanya Vaishnava Devotion (bhakti) and Ethicsas Socially Integrative in Sultanate Bengal, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.51-63
Jainism Article : Jainism in Bengal, from Wikipedia; Article : Jainism, from Banglapedia
R. Doogar, Origins of Jain Migration into Murshidabad
Buddhism Article : Buddhist Vihara, from Banglapedia
Buddhism in Bangladesh, from Buddhist Studies
N.K. Chakma, Buddhism in Bengal : a Brief Survey, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.37-44
Islam Article : Islam (in Bengal), from Banglapedia
R.M. Eaton, The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204-1760, 1993
J. Siddique, The Diffusion of Islam in Bengal and the Articulation of a New Order, JRSP 45/2 2008
A.R. Mallick, British Policy and the Muslims in Bengal, 1757-1857, 2nd ed. 1977
A.M. Chowdhury, Reflections on Islamisation in Bengal, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.45-50
I. Iqbal, Between Puritan Islamic and Syncretistic Muslim Traditions in Bengal : An Ecological Perspective on the Faraizi Movement, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.64-71
Sikhism Article : Sikhism, from Banglapedia
Article : Guru Nanak's Travels in Bihar, from SikhiWiki
Christianity S. Farid, Historical Sketch of Christian Tradition in Bengal, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology 8/1 2011
J.F. Raj, Jesuit Contribution to Bengal
Archdiocese of Calcutta, Diocese of Dacca, Diocese of Krishnagar, from Catholic Hierarchy
St. Mary's JSO Church, Calcutta, from Syrian Orthodox Archdiocese
Article Bishop of Calcutta (Anglican), from Wikipedia
Eyre Chatterton, A History of the Church of England in India since the Early Days of the East India Company (1924)
Baha'i M.J. Alam, Bahai Religious Faith and Tradition in Bangladesh, Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology. Volume 8, Number 1. 2011 pp.87-92
History of Regions Historic Regions
Hughli District D.G. Crawford, A brief history of the Hughli district 1902, IA
Cooch Behar
Modern Province
(East Pakistan)
West Bengal
Local History Calcutta (Kolkata) History of Kolkata, from CalcuttaWeb
History of Kolkata, from Wikipedia
East Meets West, from City of Palaces
K. Blechynden, Calcutta, Past and Present 1905, IA
E. Cotton, Calcutta, Old and New: A Historical & Descriptive Handbook to the City 1907, IA
Chandernagore (Chandannagar) Article : Chandannagar (Chandernagar), from Wikipedia; from Banglapedia; History of Chandannagar, from Chandannagar.Com
S.C. Hill, Three Frenchmen in Bengal: The Commercial Ruin of the French Settlements in 1757, 1903, IA
Chinsura (Chuchura) Article : Hugli-Chuchura (Chinsura), from Wikipedia
Dacca (Dhaka) Article : Dhaka, from Banglapedia
Murshidabad History of Murshidabad, from Story of Murshidabad, from Murshidabad News
Serampore Article : Serampore, from Wikipedia
Sonargaon Article : Sonargaon, from Banglapedia, from Wikipedia
Institutions Article : Grand Trunk Road, from Banglapedia
History, from University of Calcutta
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, from Railways as World Heritage Sites, by A. Coulls; DHR History, from DHRSA; A Himalayan Loop Line, from Mike's Railway History; K.I. Iqbal, Railways and the Water Regime of the Eastern Bengal Delta, c.1905-1943
History, from Northeastern Frontier Railway
East Indian Railway, Eastern Bengal Railway, from Banglapedia
Culture General Online Publications on the History of Bengali Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Article : Architecture of Bengal, from Wikipedia
Article : Bangla Literature, Bangla Script, Bangabda (Bengal Calendar), from Banglapedia
E.B. Baker, Sport in Bengal (1887), posted on Internet Archive
Religious Art
Textile Art
Other Article : Architecture of Bengal, from Wikipedia
Environmental History General, Links
Climate Zones Köppen Climate Classification (Wikipedia Article), CWa = Humid Subtropical Climate, Cwb = Subtropical Highland Climate, DWb = Humid Continental Climate
Ecoregions WWF Wildfinder
WWF : IM0105 Brahmaputra Valley Semi-Evergreen Rain Forests, IM0120 Lower Gangetic Plains Moist Deciduous Forests, IM0126 Meghalaya Subtropical Forests
Encyclopedia of Earth, Northeast India Pine Forests, Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rainforests
Land Use, Deforestation Iftekhar Iqbal, The Sundarbans Forest Systems in Bangladesh : Indigenous Response to Capitalist Enterprises and the Pattern of Colonial Control, c.1830-1905, IEHC 2006
Specific Periods
Environmental Policy
Historical Linguistics
Archaeology General The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR)
Archaeological Survey of India. Circle reports [1881-1921] (bibliography of official reports)
ABIA South and Southeast Asian Art and Archaeology Index, Project at IGNCA, New Delhi; ABIA Website
Bengal Archaeology
by Region
West Bengal IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Arunachal Pradesh
Others Anne Hardgrove, Community and Public Culture. The Marwaris in Calcutta, c. 1897-1997, diss. Columbia UP n.d.

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), Indian States, scroll down
List of Rulers of Bengal, from Wikipedia
Lijst van V.O.C. Directeuren in Bengalen, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Civil and Military Servants E. Dodwell, Alphabetical list of the honourable East India Company's Bengal civil servants, from the year 1780 to the year 1838, 1839, GB
The India list and India Office list 1819, GB
The East-India Register and Directory 1821, 1823, 1825, 1828, 1829, 1842, 1843, GB
The East-India Register and Army List, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1857, 1859, GB
The Indian Army and Civil Service List, 1869, GB
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
R.B. Roy, Population of the Province of Bengal, 1751-1801
Documents Historical Newspapers
Online Yearbooks Government of India, Planning Commission, State Development Reports
East-India Register and Directory 1819, GB
Bengal Almanach 1827, 1829, 1851 GB
Calcutta Annual Register 1821, IA
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Old Indian Photos : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura
Tuck's Calcutta, from Early Postcards of India and Ceylon
Films Colonial Film : India
Archival Deposits National Archives, UK
Mundus, Gateway to Missionary Collections in the UK
India Office Records : Family History Sources : Bengal Presidency, from British Library
Bengal Presidency - LDS Microfilms, from Family History in India
Descriptive List of Secret Department Records, 1784, National Archives of India, GB
Duke Univ. Libraries, Rubenstein Library, Guide to the South Asian Pamphlets Collection 1920-2005
Tropehandelskompagniernes arkiver (Rigsarkivet), from Royal Library Copenhagen, Digital Library, in Danish
Asiatisk Kompani 1730-1776, Det kgl. Ostindiske guvernement 1777-1845, Trankebar Missionen 1705-1803, from RA Copenhagen, in Danish (survey of archived documents)
Danish Records 1777-1845 (RA Copenhagen), from E-Corpus, Eurindia Virtual Library
Laws D. Dale, Alphabetical index to the regulations of government for the whole of the Territories under the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, 1830, GB
A Penal Code Prepared by the Indian Law Commissioners, 1837, GB
Oral History
Treaties A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sunnuds, Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries, GB : The Treaties vol.1 : relating to Bengal, Burmah, and the Eastern Archipelago, 1862, (vol.3 not on Google Books, on May 25th 2010)
Consular Reports
Historiography The Early Annals of the English in Bengal vol.1 1895, IA, vol.2 1895, IA, vol.3 1917, West Bengal Public Library
G.H. Zaydpuri, A History of Bengal (1902), IA
Document Surveys WHKMLA : Online Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, Codices, Early Printed Books
Article : Calendar of Persian Correspondence, from Banglapedia
Manuscripts IGNCA, Manuscripts in India, catalogue
Document Collections Indian Record Series : Old Fort William in Bengal, A Selection of Documents Dealing with its History, vol.2 1906, IA
A calendar of Indian state papers : Secret series. Fort William, 1774-75, 1864, GB
H. Vansittart, Original papers relative to the disturbances in Bengal vol.1 1765, GB
Records of the Government of Bengal no.7 1852, no.26 1856, no.27 1857, no.1 (1862-1870) 1871, West Bengal Public Library
Report on the External Trade of Bhutan with Nepal, Tibet, Sikkim and Bhutan 1882-1883, 1883-1884, 1884-1885, 1886-1887, 1888-1889, 1889-1890, 1890-1891, 1893-1894, West Bengal Public Library
Report on the Trade Carried by Rail and River in Bengal 1904-1905, West Bengal Public Library
W.W. Hunter (ed.), Bengal Ms. Records, vol.III 1798-1801, 1894, vol.IV 1802-1807, IA
S.C. Hill (ed.), Bengal in 1756-57, a selection of public and private papers dealing with the affairs of the British in Bengal during the reign of Siraj-Uddaula; with notes and an historical introduction, vol.1 1905, IA. vol.2 1905, IA, vol.3 1905, IA
Individual Documents Famine Inquiry Commission Report 1960, West Bengal Public Library; on the famine of 1943
DBQs Asia for Educators
Historical Maps Collections (Old) Maps about Bangladesh, from Pakistan Defence
Hindsight, Asia Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., 527 BC, 500 BC, 400 BC, 335 BC, 323 BC, 300 BC, 200 BC, 100 BC, 050 BC, 050 AD, 200 AD, 300 AD, 400 AD, 450 AD, 565 AD, 600 AD, 610 AD, 900 AD, 1000 AD, 1025 AD, 1100 AD, 1200 AD, 1300 AD, 1400 AD, 1500 AD, Asia 700 AD, 800 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Hindsight, South Asia J. de Salas Vara del Rey, Historical and Political Maps of India 1805-1995
Maps of Assam, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
Map : India in 1750, from Educatinal Technology Clearinghouse, Univ. of South Florida; has Arakan as part of Bengal
Map : India in the Time of Clive 1760, from Emerson Kent
Map : Bengal Presidency 1858, from Wikipedia
Maps : India 1795, Wikipedia
Map India 1937, from Find my Past
Contemporary, South Asia India Maps, PCL, UTexas
Ian Poyntz, Historical Maps of India (Constable 1893)
India 1805, India 1823, India 1848, Expansion of British Bengal, British Burma, (Joppen 1907) from Wikipedia
Maps : India 1765, India 1837, India 1857 (Imperial Gazetteer 1908), from Wikipedia
Hindsight, Detail
Contemporary, Detail
Historical Secular
Encyclopedia Entries on Provinces/Regions Article Bengalen, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Bengal, Eastern Bengal and Assam, from EB 1911
on Cities/Subregions Article Kalkutta, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Dacca, Calcutta, Hugli, Chandernagore, Serampur, Chittagong, Darjeeling, from EB 1911
Religious Article Dacca, Archdiocese of Calcutta, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition; Article Archdiocese of Calcutta, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic Bengale, pp.38-40 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Entry : Calcuta, pp.681-684, Bengalen, pp.688-690 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Geographical Bengale, p.220 in vol.2 of A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Le grand dictionnaire geographique et critique, 1730, in French, GB
Article Bengal, Eastern Bengal and Assam, Burdwan Division, Presidency Division, Rajshahi Division, Calcutta, Cooch Behar State, Darjeeling District, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Places/Subregions Presidency of Bengal, pp.468-492 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Historical Bengale, p.218 in vol.2 of L. Moreri, Le grand dictionnaire historique, 1725, in French, GB
Bengale, p.190 in vol.2 of L. Moreri, Le grand dictionnaire historique, 1731, in French, GB
Tour Guides J.C. Marshman, A Guide to Bengal (1850), IA
J.B. Seely, The road book of India 1825, GB
Forbes, East India and colonial guide 1841, GB
Anglo-Hindustanee Handbook 1850, GB
E.B. Eastwick, A handbook for India 1859, GB
W.K. Firminger, Thacker's guide to Calcutta, 1906, IA
Travelogues J.D. Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854, on Nepal, Sikkim, Bengal, Khasi Hills), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Resident Memoirs
Institutions Archives Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
Article Archives, from Banglapedia
National Archives of India; National Archives and National Library of Bangladesh
Article : West Bengal State Archives, from ArchivesWiki
Musea Hazarduari Palace Museum, Murshidabad (West Bengal), from Archaeological Service of India
Monuments Monuments of West Bengal, from IndiaNetZone
Monuments in Murshidabad, from IndiaNetZone
Alphabetical List of Monuments - West Bengal, from Archaeological Survey of India
Libraries Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
A. Bhattacharya, Survey of libraries in Bangladesh, provinces of West Bengal, Assam and Tripura in India conducted by the CSAL - A Report, 2006
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Murshidabad Mint, from Murshidabad.Net
Anwar's Coin Collection : Bengal Sultanate
Nick Rhodes, The First E.I.C. Copper Coins of Bengal, posted by Onsnumis
Article Coins, from Banglapedia
N. Bhattasali, Coins and chronology of the early independent sultans of Bengal 1922, IA

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
on Bengal D. Ludden, The Agrarian History of Bengal and Bangladesh : a bibliography
on South Asia RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Sacred Groves of India - an Annotated Bibliography, by Malhotra / Gokhale / Das
on Religions
Online Libraries Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Digital South Asia Library, Univ. of Chicago
Digitial Library of Indian History Books, from Indic Studies
Bangladesh Parliament Digital Library
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) : India
Dissertation Reviews : Inner/Central Asia + Tibetan-Himalayan
Online Journals
General Listings Directory of Open Access Journals
History of Bengal Sources, from History of Bangladesh mainly a list of serial publications
on Bengal Bengal, Past & Present: Journal of the Calcutta Historical Society. 1907, IA
Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 1868, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, IA
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 1832, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1849, 1850, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1861, 1868, 1871, 1873, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1901, 1902, 1904, IA
Bangladesh Journal of Sociology 2004-
on South Asia Ancient Asia, Journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology
Indologica Taurinensia 1973-
on Religions
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.14, pp.711-720 Article Bangladesh. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.14
Specific Topics P.J. Marshall, Bengal : The British Bridgehead. Eastern India 1740-1828, The New Cambridge History of India II.2, Cambridge : UP (1987) 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. 954 M367b, [G]
Historical Dictionaries C. Baxter & E. Rahman, Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, Lanham Md. 4th edition : Scarecrow 2004
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]

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