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Nepal Bhutan
First posted on May 24th 2002, last revised on May 28th 2010







Monarchy established in 1642. In the 18th century exposed to repeated invasions from Nepal. Independence from the latter established when Sikkim became an ally of the E.I.C. in the Gurkha War 1814. Had to cede Darjeeling to the E.I.C. (Bengal Presidency) in 1835. In 1888 British troops had to take action against invaders from Tibet. Sikkim maintained her independence until 1975, when it joined the Republic of India. The monarchy was abolished in 1982.

Sikkim

Historical Atlas, South Asia Page






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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from India Net Zone; from Wikipedia; from Webindia 123
Meghalaya State Portal
Historic
Links General Category : Sikkim, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Sikkim, from Wikipedia
Organizations Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, from Tibetology
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines
Accounts of History Current from Webindia 123, from Wikipedia; from Sikkim National Information Service
Historical
Specific Periods Article : Limbuwan-Gorkha War, from Wikipedia
Politics Political History of Sikkim, from Sikkim Info
Article Sikkim Democratic Front, from Wikipedia
Military Article : Limbuwan-Gorkha War, from Wikipedia
India Medal Claso, Sikkim 1888, p.300 in G. Tancred, Historical Record of Medals and Honorary Distinctions Conferred on the British Navy, Army, and Auxiliary Forces, from the Earliest Period, 1891, GB
Economy & Finances The Economy of Sikkim, from Webindia 123, from Sikkim State Portal, from Indian Business, from Economy Watch
Crafts of Sikkim, from India Crafts
Social History
Ethnography People of Sikkim, from Webindia 123
Religion Religions of Sikkim, from Sikkim Info
Local History History of Gangtok, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of Sikkim Manipal University
Culture
Biographies
Others

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, at UUtrecht
City Populations : India - Sikkim, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 1999)
Documents Historical Newspapers
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Photos of Sikkim, by Peter Langer
Medals of Sikkim, from OMSA
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for Sikkim
Constitutions, Laws Constitution of Sikkim, 1974, from The Constitution of India (Treaty signed between India and Sikkim)
Treaties Constitution of Sikkim, 1974, from The Constitution of India (Treaty signed between India and Sikkim)
Document Collections
Historical Maps Maps of Sikkim, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
Map of Sikkim (as part of India), from Perry Castaneda Library
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Sikkim, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Articles Sikkim, from EB 1911
Religious
Economic
Geographical The Principality of Sikkim, pp.720-727 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, A Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Description of Hindostan and the Adjacent Countries, 1820, GB
Sikkim, pp.133-134 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Sikkim, pp.546-551 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, The East Indian Gazetteer, 1828, GB
Sikkim, in G. Landmann, A Universal Gazetteer : or, Geographical Dictionary, 1836, GB
Sikkim, p.505 in vol.4 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1837, GB
Article Sikkim, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Musea
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - Sikkim, from Archaeological Survey of India
Sikkim Temples, from Indian Temples Portal
Showcaves : Sikkim
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
e-corpus
on Sikkim Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals
General Accounts
Specific Topics J.D. Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854, on Nepal, Sikkim, Bengal, Khasi Hills), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]