1914-1918 History of Italy World War II

Malta 1918-1941

In 1921 Malta was granted the so-called Amery-Milner Constitution which provided for Maltese self government in domestic affairs, while national defense, foreign policy, foreign representation and other areas remained the responsibility of the Imperial government.
In 1930 and again in 1932 the constitution was suspended, the island governor ruling autocratically. In 1939 a new constitution, the so-called MacDonald Constitution, was enacted, supposedly to reintroduce self-government. But by then the international situation changed drastically; from September 1939 onward, Malta, being a part of the British Empire, was at war with Germany.

The Maltese population numbered 241.621 in 1931, 267,000 in 1937; they almost exclusively were Roman Catholics. In 1937 there were 3,149 cars, 598 busses and 870 trucks in Malta. Government expenses (1,251.000 Pound Sterling in 1936/37) slightly exceeded government revenue (1,209,000 Pound). Imports exceeded exports by a factor of 40:1; main import items were food (wheat, sugar, fodder), textiles, metalwares. The island economy was based on agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery - and the British Naval Station, which provided for many jobs, but also contributed considerably to the heavy trade imbalance.

Self-Government and Courage: 1921 - 1945, from Malta through the Ages
DOCUMENTS List of Governors etc., from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : Malta, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
REFERENCE Hübner's Weltstatistik, 73. edition 1939, edited by Ernst Rösner, Wien 1939
Article : Malta, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1919 pp.96-98, 1924 pp.98-101, 1925 pp.100-102, 1926 pp.89-92, 1928 pp.91-94, 1929 pp.91-94, 1932 pp.92-95, 1937 pp.98-99 [G]
Article : Malta, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.522-523, 1928 p.476, 1930 p.465, 1931 pp.460-461, 1932 pp.433-434, 1933 p.453, 1934 p.353, 1935 pp.426-427, 1936 pp.428-429, 1937 pp.427-428, 1938 pp.411-412, 1939 pp.462-463, 1940 pp.475-476 [G]
Article : Malta, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.365, 1933 pp.334-335, 1934 pp.348-349,, 1935 pp.349-350, 1936 pp.325-326, 1937 p.327, 1938 pp.329-330, 1940 p.355 [G]
Article : New International Year Book 1919 p.402, 1920 p.416, 1921 pp.435-436, 1923 p.443, 1925 p.460, 1928 p.428, 1930 pp.453-454, 1932 p.475, 1933 p.466, 1934 p.398, 1935 p.418, 1938 p.430, 1939 p.456, Events of 1940 pp.427-428 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 26th 2002, last revised on August 24th 2007

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