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First posted on April 26th 2002, using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012

Until 1530 . Malta was a possession of the Kingdom of Sicily. On Malta, Arab legacy (Sicily had been under Arab rule from 827 to 1060) had lasted on; the language of the Maltese is a form of Arabic spelled in the Latin alphabet. The population had been converted to Catholicism, though.

1530-1798 . The Knights Hospitaller had been expelled from Rhodes in 1522. In 1530, Emperor Charles V. granted Malta to them as a fief. The knights paid an annual tribute to Spain, and practically ran Malta as a state of its own, until it was captured by France in 1798.
The Knights undertook naval campaigns against Muslim corsairs and North African coastal cities and they were themselves exposed to an Ottoman attack in 1565. In the 17th century the power of the Order declined.

1798-1964 . In 1798 the French, on their way to Egypt, forced the Order to surrender. Just before, the Order had chosen Czar Paul I. of Russia as their grand master. The British took Malta in 1800. They refused the Russian request to return the island to the Knights of St. John, which caused Russia to leave the 2nd coalition.
Britain held on to Malta until 1964. During World War II, Malta ("the unsinkable carrier") was an isolated British outpost which was of vital importance to the Allied war effort.

Since 1964 . In 1964 Malta gained political independence. In 2004 it joined the EU.

Malta, since 1989 . Malta 1964-1989 . Malta 1949-1964 . Malta 1943-1949 . Malta 1941-1943 . Malta 1918-1941 . Malta 1914-1918 . Malta 1887-1914 . Malta 1848-1887 . Malta 1815-1848 . Malta 1798-1815 . Malta 1720-1798

Historical Atlas, British Empire - the Mediterranean Page

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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference
from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia
historical G. Abela et al., Della descrittione di Malta isola nel mare Siciliano, 1647, in Italian, GB
A description of Malta, 1801, GB
The importance of Malta considered, in the years 1796 and 1798, 1803, GB
Pierre Marie Louis de Boisgelin de Kerdu, Ancient and modern Malta vol.2, 1804, vol.3, 1804, GB
J. Davy, Notes and observations on the Ionian Islands and Malta vol.1, 1842, vol.2, 1842, GB
Links, General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Links, on History from Virtual Library History; from aboutmalta.com
Organizations Malta Historical Society
Heritage Malta
Order of Malta (S.M.O.M.)
I-Ghaqda ta-Ghalliema ta-Istorja, from Euroclio
Timelines from BBC News; from timelines.ws, by Martin Debattista
Accounts of History general Malta through the Ages, 13 chapters, from the Maltese Government
Brief History of Malta, from the Malta Study Center, 12 chapters
A Brief Account of the History of Malta, from Schoolnet Malta
General, Historical P. Gentile, Della historia di Malta, 1566, in Italian, GB
Vertot, The history of the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, 1770, GB
R. Vertot, Abrege de l'historie des elevations de Malta, 1837, in French, GB
Vertot, Histoire des Chevaliers de Malte, 1841, in French, GB
F. Lacroix, Historia de Malta y el Gozo, 1850, in Spanish, GB
G.A. Vassallo, Storia di Malta taccontata in compendio, 1854, in Italian, GB
G.N. Letard, Brevi nozioni storiche riguardanti l'isola di Malta, 1862, in Italian, GB
M.M. Ballou, The Story of Malta (1893), IA
Specific Periods A. Sutherland, The achievements of the Knights of Malta vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1831, GB
R. Cohen, Knights of Malta 1523-1798, 1920, IA, GB
W.K.R. Bedford, Malta and the Knights Hospitallers (1905), posted on Internet Archive
W. Porter, history of the Knights of Malta: or The Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, 2 vols., 1858, GB
W. Porter, Malta and its knights 1871, GB
A.G. MacKinnon, Malta : the nurse of the Mediterranean (1916), IA
W. Hardman, history of Malta during the period of the French and British occupations, 1798-1815 (1909), IA
R.M. Martin, History of the British Possessions in the Mediterranean: Comprising Gibraltar, Malta, Gozo, and .. (1837), IA
G. Penn, The Policy and Interest of Great Britain, with Respect to Malta (1805), IA, GB
Fortunato Panzavecchia, L'ultimo periodo della storia di Malta sotto il governo dell'Ordine, 1835, in Italian, GB
R. Bigsby, Memoir of the Illustrious and sovereign order of st. John of Jerusalem, from the capitulation of Malta in 1798 to the present period, 1869, GB
J. Taaffe, The history of the holy, military, sovereign order of St. John of Jerusalem, vol.1, 1852, vol.2, 1852, vol.3, 1852, vol.4, 1852, GB
F.Z. Sajani, Gli ultimi giorni dei Cavalieri di Malta, 1841, GB
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Malta
Politics of Malta, from Wikipedia
Military Maltese Regiments, from Degree Miniatures; Orders, Decorations and Medals of Malta, from ODM
A Military History of Malta
W. Porter, A history of the fortress of Malta, 1858, GB
E. Sue, El Comendador de Malta, 1846, in Spanish, GB
F. Giglio, Il memorabile assedio di Malta del 1565, 1853, in Italian, GB
J. de Bosredon Ransijat, Assedio e blocco di Malta 1798-1800, 1843, in Italian, GB
Lista dei reggimenti italiani (1792-1799), from Wikipedia Italian edition; scroll down for Sacra Religione di Malta
Economy & Finances Brief History of Malta's Money, from Coin Link; Malta Coins, from Emm Said (coin history)
History of the National Bank of Malta
Windmills of Malta, from Windmill World
C. Giacinto, Saggio di agricoltura per le isole di Malta, e Gozo, 1811, in Italian, GB
G.D.N. Papaffy, The merchants and the currency of Malta, 1851, GB
Memoir on the finances of Malta, under the government of the order of st. John of Jerusalem, during the last years of its dominion, as compared with those of the present time, 1836, GB
Garavita, Trattato della poverta de cavalieri di Malta, 1718, in Italian, GB
Ethnography Languages of Malta (3), from Ethnologue
History of Immigration from Malta, from Origins. Immigrant Communities in Victoria (Australia)
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Malta
Malta, p.373 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
British Empire in Europe : Malta, pp.993-1002 in vol.2A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Category : Religion in Malta, from Wikipedia
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Malta, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Malta, from Jewish Virtual Library; Article History of the Jews in Malta, from Wikipedia; Malta, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Jesuits in Malta : Province History
Patron Saint Index : Malta
C. Giuseppe, Origine della fede cristiana in Malta, 1759, in Italian, GB
Local History Valetta, from Visit Malta, Wikipedia
Institutions University of Malta, History, from University of Malta
Malta, from Airline History; History of Air Malta
Radio (Malta, History of), by Toni Sant
Structurae : Malta;
Culture Articles Maltese Language, Maltese Literature, from Wikipedia
Chr.Fr. Schlienz, Views on the improvement of the Maltese language, 1838, GB
St. Zerafa, Discorso sulla storia artistica di Malta, 1850, in Italian, GB
Biographies List of Maltese, from Wikipedia
Biographies of Maltese Saints, from Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon, in German
Others History of the Order of Malta, from S.M.O.M. Museum
Arab Heritage in Malta, by Khalid on Sun
Article Freemasonry in Malta, from Wikipedia
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Malta
History of Pandemics in Malta, from Sahha
G.M. de Piro, Ragguaglio storico della pestilenza che afflisse le isole di Malta e Gozo .. (1833) in Italian, IA
G. Stilon, The cholera at Malta in 1837, 1848, GB
Ghio, The cholera in Malta and Gozo in the year 1865, 1867, GB

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies - Malta, Malta : Knights of St. John; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); List of Grand Masters, from S.M.O.M.
Lists of Ambassadors List of High Commissioners from the United Kingdom to Malta, from Wikipedia; Liste der deutschen Botschafter in Valletta (Malta), from Wikipedia German edition
Article : United States Ambassador to Malta, from Wikipedia; Heads of Canadian Legation / Embassy in La Valetta (since 1964), from MOFA Canada
Statistical Data Responsible Institution National Statistics Office, Malta
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Malta, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Malta, from Johnston's Archive
A. Giglio, Brief comments with tables and notes in illustration of the statistical abstracts connected with the census in Malta taken in 1861, 1865, GB
Election Results from IFES Election Guide (since 1998)
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes : Malta
Malta Government Gazette Online 2003-
Hemerotheques Wikipedia : List of Online Newspaper Archives : Malta
Selected Newspaper Articles The History of the Republic of Malta, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from ABYZ News Links
Online Yearbooks Ordre de Malte entries in J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 pp.293-296, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, p.302-310, in French, GB
Propaganda Films George C. Marshall Motion Pictures
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Universal Collections
Items on Malta
License Plates, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Passports of Malta, from World Passports, scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Malta
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Malta, 17 entries, in Italian
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Malta, from ILO, 61 docs. since 1965
Internet Law Library : Malta
Statuti della religione de' caualieri Gierosolomitani, 1570, in Italian, GB
Gli statuti della sacra religione di S. Giouanni Gierosolimitano, vol.2, 1589, in Italian, GB
Leggi di Organizzazione e Procedura Civile per l'Isola di Malta, 1855, in Italian, GB
Leggi criminali per l'Isola di Malta e sue dipendenze, 1854, in Italian, GB
Leggi e Regolamenti di Polizia per L'Isola di Malta e sue dipendenze, 1854, in Italian, GB
Statuti, Universit?e liceo di Malta 1860, 1860, in Italian, GB
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Malte, pp.125-126 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Malta
Historic Texts of the Order of St. John, from OOSJ
P. Piccolomini, Corrispondenza tra la corte di Roma e l'inquisitore di Malta durante la guerra di Candia (1645-1669) (1908) in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
The appeals of the nobility and people of Malta, 1811, GB
Proclamations, Minutes and other official Publications by the Government of Malta 1828, 1830
Trial of Captain Thomas Atchison of the Royal Artillery, by a General Court Martial at Malta, 1825, GB
G. Mitrovich, The claims of the Maltese; founded upon the principles of justice, 1835, GB
G. Mitrovich, The cause of the people of Malta; now before parliament, 1836, GB
Reclamation de l'Ordre Souverain de Saint Jean de Jerusalem au congr? d'Aix-la-Chapelle , 1818, in French, GB
Cavalieri di Malta, Ruolo dei cavalieri, cappellani conventuali, serventi d'armi e donati , 1861, in Italian, GB
Repertorio di proclami, ordinanze, notificazioni ecc vol.1 1844, vol.2-3 1844, in Italian, GB
Negociations de la France dans le Levant; ou, Correspondances, m?oires et actes diplomatiques des ambassadeurs de France a Constantinople et des ambassadeurs, envoyes ou residents a divers titres a Venise, Raguse, Rome, Malte et Jerusalem, en Turquie, Perse, Georgie, Crimee, Syrie, Egypte, etc., et dans les etats de Tunis, d'Alger et de Maroc, vol.1 : 1515-1546, 1848, GB, vol.2 : 1547-1566, 1850, IA, GB, vol.3 : 1567-1580, 1853, IA, GB vol.4 : 1581-1589, 1860, IA, GB
H. Prutz (ed.), Malteser Urkunden und Regesten zur Geschichte der Tempelherren und der Johanniter 1883, IA
Individual Documents
Historical Maps responsible institutions Malta Environment & Planning Authority
collections Atlas of Malta, from Wikimedia Commons
Malta Historical Map Collection, from Discus Media
Malta, Modern
Malta, Contemporary Jaillot, Carte particuliere des Isles de Malte, du Goze et du Cuming 1734, Gallica
Carte g??ale de la principaut?souveraine des isles de Malte et de Goze 1752, Gallica
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary La nuova citta e fortezza di Malta chiamata Valletta 1565, Gallica
de Berey fils, Les Villes, forts et chateaux de Malte, 1724, Gallica
Plan de la Valette [?e de Malte] 1770, Gallica
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Malta, Gozo, Citta Vecchia, Valletta, from EB 1911
Articles Malta, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Malta, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Article Malta, Knights of, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910 edition
Economic J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Malta, posted by DTBSWS
Malte, p.174, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Malta, posted by DTBSWS
Malta, pp.168-169 in vol.2 of John Ramsay McCulloch, Henry Vethake, A dictionary, practical, theoretical, and historical, of commerce, 1852, GB
Malta, pp.463-464 in W. Waterston, A cyclopaedia of commerce, mercantile law, finance, commercial geography 1863, GB
Political Gouvernement de Malte, pp.583-589 in vol.2 of G. de Real de Curbon, La science du gouvernement, 1762, in French, GB
Geographical Malta, pp.201-203 in vol.5 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1836, GB
Malta, pp.149-150 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe,past and present: a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1852, GB
The Maltese Islands, p.329 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Historical Grand maitres de l'ordre de Malte, pp.100-101 [on 1618-1718] in vol.32 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Kamra tad Deputati, Annual Reports 2008-; Parliamentary & Committee Debates 1992-
Historic Travelogues P. Brydone, A tour through Sicily and Malta: in a series of letters to William Beckford, vol.1, 1773, vol.2, 1775, GB
A. Bigelow, Travels in Malta and Sicily: with sketches of Gibraltar, in MDCCCXXVII, 1831, GB
G.F. Angas, A ramble in Malta and Sicily, 1842, GB
P. Brydone, Travels in Sicily and Malta, 1848, GB
Historic Tour Guides G.P. Borzesi, The historical guide to the island of Malta and its dependencies (1830), IA, GB
Th. MacGill, A hand book, or guide, for strangers visiting Malta (1839), IA, GB
G.P. Badger, Historical Guide to Malta and Gozo (1869), IA, GB
Institutions Archives National Archives of Malta
Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Malta, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 3 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Malta, 4 entries
Musea Category : Museums in Malta, from Wikipedia
Monuments Tentative List : Malta, World Heritage List, scroll down for Malta; from UNESCO World Heritage
Malta, from Showcaves; lists several historic mines
Windmills in Malta, from Windmill World
Category : Windmills in Malta, from Wikimedia Commons
Libraries Libraries in Malta, from LibDex
Malta Libraries Department Website
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Malta, from World Currency Museum
Malta Coins, by Emmanuel Said (coin history)
Search Coin Archives for Malta
Stamps Rare Malta Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Malta Philatelic Society

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Malta survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies National Library of Malta, Malta National Bibliography
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications from Malta Aviation Museum Bookshop
historical library catalogues A classified catalogue of the Malta garrison library, 1840, GB
Indice delle miscellanee che si conservano nella pubblica biblioteca di Malta, 1857, GB
general bibliographies
Malta entries
UK National Archive Online Library
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
on Malta Heritage Malta Library
Online Journals full text online Heritage Malta Magazine 2005-
The Malta Penny Magazine, vol.2 1841, GB
Contents Online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionaries Warren C. Berg, Historical Dictionary of Malta, Rowman & Littlefield 1995

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