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Tonga Solomon Islands
First posted on July 9th 2002, last revised on May 11th 2010






First settled around 1500 B.C., the first European to find the island group (and to name them "New Caledonia") was James Cook in 1774. In 1853 France took possession of the islands (Nouvelle Caledonie). The islands gained economic importance because of their nickel and cobalt deposits. The mining industry attracted a significant population of immigrant labour. A conflict between native Kanaks and the French administation became apparent in 1985; the Noumea Accord of 1998 attempted to settle the matter by granting the island group devolution. New Caledonia is still an integral part of the French Republic.


Timeline : New Caledonia






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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, Countries : New Caledonia
from Index Mundi
Jane's New Caledonia Home Page
G.Ch. Griffith, In an Unknown Prison Land : An Account of Convicts and Colonists in New Caledonia, 1901, IA
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from dmoz
Outlines of New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
Category : New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Histoire de la Nouvelle Caledonie, from Wikipedia French edition
Organizations Pacific History Association
Pacific Islands Museums and Cultural Institutions Association (PIMA)
Pacific Islands Study Circle (Philately)
La Societe des Oceanistes
Historical Dictionaries Archaeopedia New Zealand
Timelines Isabelle Leblic, Chronologie de la Nouvelle Caledonie, in French
Accounts of History Article : New Caledonia : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Histoire de la Nouvelle-Caledonie, from Wikipedia French edition
Histoire et culture de la Nouvelle-Caledonie, from Futura Sciences, subchapters, in French
Politics Political Resources on the Web : New Caledonia; Governments on the WWW : New Caledonia; Article Politics of New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
Military J. Morel, Calendrier des crimes de la France outre-mer, 2005 : 15 juillet 1871: L'Illustration : "A la fin du siecle, la race des Kanaks aura sans doute disparu" (Nouvelle-Calédonie), 10 juillet 1878: "Ils ne reclament rien moins que l'extermination en masse par tous les moyens de la race indigene." (Nouvelle-Calédonie), 1er septembre 1878: Le grand chef Atai est tué par un traitre canaque (Nouvelle-Caledonie), 19 juillet 1972: Planter du blanc (Nouvelle-Caledonie)
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : New Caledonia; Article Economy of New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
Mining Activities in New Caledonia, from UNESCAP
Search Company History, Funding Universe : Company Histories for New Caledonia
E.C.F. Bird et al., The Impacts of Opencast Mining on the Rivers and Coasts of New Caledonia 1984
Social History Article : New Caledonia, from Education Encyclopedia
Ethnography Languages of New Caledonia (40), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : New Caledonia
E. Hadfield, Among the natives of the Loyalty group, 1920, IA
New Caledonia, pp.958-959 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : New Caledonia, from Kirken i Norge
Category Religion in New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
History of Regions Provinces of New Caledonia, Communes of New Caledonia, from www.statoids.com
Local History Article : Noumea : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Noumea : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Institutions Amedee Lighthouse History
New Caledonia, from Airline History
Structurae : New Caledonia
Biographies Pacific Islander Biography, database maintained at ANU
Others Disaster History by Country : New Caledonia, from Relief Web
Australasia Ecoregion, from WWF
Entry Kanaki, from Footnotes to History, by James L. Erwin

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : New Caledonia by Ben Cahoon
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : New Caledonia, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Noumea, from Wikipedia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : New Caledonia, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Bulletin officiel de la Nouvelle-Cal?onie 1859-1862, Gallica
other Search Papers Past (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Search Newspapers SG (Singapore Newspapers 1831-2006)
Historic Australian Newspapers 1803-1954
Life Magazine 1936-1972, GB, 79 entries for New Caledonia
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers
Video Documentaries Search INA for Nouvelle Caledonie
Historique Nouvelle Caledonie, Antenne 2, 1988, in French
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
License Plates, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Airline Timetable Images : New Caledonia
Archival Deposits Archives Nationales d'Outre Mer
Search State Records Authority of New South Wales for New Caledonia
Search Archives New Zealand for New Caledonia
O. Krakovitch, Les archives des bagnes de Cayenne et de Nouvelle-Caledonie : la sous-serie colonies H aux archives nationales. Revue d'Histoire du XIXe Siecle 1985
Australian National University, Pacific Manuscripts Bureau, Reel List
Constitutions, Laws Nouvelle Caledonie, from Assemblee Nationale, in French, several laws linked
Treaties Noumea Accord of 1998, from ambafrance.org.fj
Document Collections
Historical Maps Oceania Maps, from Perry Castaneda Map Collection, UTexas; scroll down for New Caledonia
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article New Caledonia, from the EB 1911
Religious Article : New Caledonia, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1911 edition
Economic W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, New Caledonia pp.144-145
Geographical Neu Caledonien, pp.234-237 in vol.6 of J.B. Schütz, Allgemeine Erdkunde für denkende und gebildete Leser, 1806, GB
New Caledonia, pp.587-589 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1822, GB
New Caledonia, p.144 in H. Murray, The Encyclopaedia of Geography, 1839, GB
New Caledonia, pp.667-669 in vol.2 of A system of geography, 1807, GB
New Caledonia, pp.822-831 in A.G. Findlay, A Directory for the Navigation of the Pacific Ocean, 1851, GB
New Caledonia, pp.55-59 in R. Brown, The Countries of the World, 1892, IA
New Caledonia, pp.455-465 in F.H.H. Guillemard, Malaysia and the Pacific Archipelagoes, vol.2 of Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel, 1894, IA
Ethnological Papu della Nuova Caledonia, p.357 in G.B. Pigna, Delle Razze Umane, 1857, in Italian, GB
Historical Groupe de Balade ou de la Nouvelle Caledonie, pp.426-431 in Gr.L.D. de Rienzi, L'Univers : histoire et description de tous les peuples, 1837, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues U.S. Army, Special Service Division : Pocket Guide to New Caledonia, 1943, IA
J.W. Anderson, Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia with Some Remarks on South Sea, 1880, IA
F.A. Campbell, A year in the New Hebrides, Loyalty Islands, and New Caledonia , 1873, IA
W.G. Burchett, Pacific treasure island: New Caledonia ; voyage through its land and wealth, the story of its people and past, 1944, IA
R. Heindl, Meine Reise nach den Strafkolonien, 1913, IA
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Service des Archives de Nouvelle Caledonie
Museum of New Caledonia, from Pacific Heritage Network
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of New Caledonia, from banknotes.com
Banknotes of the French Pacific Territories, from World Currency Museum; of New Caledonia, from World Currency Museum; of New Caledonia, of French Oceania, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Stamps Virtual Stamp Album : New Hebrides
Rare New Caledonia Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; New Caledonia Stamps 1850-1907, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies RHS Bibliography
Tennessee Archaeology Net : Bibliographies for Anthropological Research : Australia and Oceania
T.H. Slone, An Annotated Bibliography of Melanesian Folklore
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Online Journals On Oceania Journal of the Polynesian Society 1892-1991
Pacific Studies, IA
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1971-1993, GB
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes, 1945-2009 online
The Contemporary Pacific 2000-2013
On Mission Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; search for Tonga, Friendly Islands vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica
Historiography Article : Pacific Islands Historiography, by K.R. Howe, pp.685-687, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts On Oceania Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.25, pp.266-269 Article Pacific Islands : New Caledonia. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.25
On New Caledonia
Historical Dictionaries Robert D. Craig and Franklin P. King, Historical Dictionary of Oceania, Westport CT : Greenwood 1981 [G]
Historical Atlas Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Pacific, London : Penguin 1998, 120 pp. [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p.1007
Statesman's Year-Book 1895 p.528, 1898 pp.526-527, 1901 pp.608-609, 1902 pp.626-627, 1904 pp.656-657, 1905 pp.675-676, 1906 pp.913-915, 1907 pp.969-971, 1910 pp.817-818, 1912 pp.834-836, 1918 pp.877-878, 1919 pp.883-884, 1924 pp.930-931, 1925 pp.942-943, 1926 pp.914-916, 1928 pp.931-933, 1929 pp.918-920, 1932 pp.921-922, 1933 pp.924-925,
(New) Int'l Yearbook
Americana Annual
Other