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Gubernia Mogilev Gubernia Moscow
First posted on February 20th 2008, last revised on July 22nd 2010

History and Administrative Division . Smolensk Gubernia was established in 1796. It bordered on Moscow and Kaluga Gubernia in the east, on Oryol Gubernia in the southeast, on Chernigov Gubernia in the south, on Mogilev and Vitebsk Gubernia in the west, on Pskov and Tver Gubernia in the north.
Smolensk Gubernia was divided in 12 districts (Uyezds) : Byelyi, Dorogobuzh, Dukhovshina, Elnya, Gzhatsk, Krasnyi, Poryechie, Roslavl, Smolensk, Sychevka, Vyazma and Yukhnov.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1811 was 1,190,000, in 1840 1,058,700, in 1867 1,163,600, in 1885 1,278,100, in 1914 2,210,200 (Lahmeyer).

Economy . In 1883, 39 % of the area was covered by forest, 29.1 % was farmland, 21.2 % pastorage. Main agricultural products included grain and potatoes (Meyer).

Smolensk Gubernia within the RSFSR . Smolensk Gubernia annexed territory from Mogilev Gubernia, ceded territory to Belarus and to Kaluga Gubernia. In 1926, Smolensk Gubernia bordered on Pskov and Tver Gubernia in the north, on Moscow and Kaluga Gubernia in the east, on Bryansk Gubernia in the south and on Belarus in the west.

Population . The population in 1926 was 2,026,400, in 1939 2,292,700 (Lahmeyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article Smolenskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Smolensk, from EB 1911
Articles : Smolensk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Smolensk Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Smolensk
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Smolensk : History, Dorogobuzh, Roslavl, Sychyovka, Vyazma, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Smolensk

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Maps : N Smolensk, S Smolensk, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Smolensk, Cities : Smolensk, from EB 1911
Articles Smolensk, Bjelyi, Dorogobush, Duchowschtschina, Gshatsk, Jelna, Krassnyj, Poretschje, Rosslawl, Wjasma, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Smolensk, pp.389-391 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Smolensk, pp.114-117 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Smolensk p.37
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Smolensk Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images, from Wikimedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Smolensk
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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