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European Russia
First posted on April 30th 2008

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History and Administrative Division . In 1929, Smolensk, Bryansk and Kaluga Gubernia as well as parts of Tver, Moscow Gubernia and Veliki Luki Okrug (within Leningrad Oblast) were combined to form the Western Oblast, capital Smolensk. In 1937 the Western Oblast was dissolved; out of its territory, and parts of Kursk Oblast, Smolensk, Oryol and Kursk Oblast were formed. During World War II it suffered severely from German occupation (1941-1943). Presently, Smolensk Oblast borders on Pskov and Kalinin Oblast in the north, on Moscow and Kaluga Oblast in the east, on Bryansk Oblast in the south and on Belarus in the west. Smolensk Oblast is divided in 25 districts (rayons).

Population . The population was 1,141,000 in 1959, 1,121,000 in 1979, 1,158,000 in 1989 and 1,113,700 in 2001 (Lahmeyer)

Historical Atlas, Russia Page

see also History of Russia in Europe, Russia, USSR

Article Smolensk Oblast, Administrative Division of Smolensk Oblast, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Smolensk Oblast
Historical Guide, from Administration of Smolensk Region
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics by Administrative Division : Russia, from : Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Vector Images, from Civic Heraldry
Archives in the Russian Federation, scroll down for Smolensk Oblast
VKP Smolensk Oblast Archives, 1917-1941, description posted by IISG (on archive deposit removed from Smolensk by the Germans during WW II, presently held in Washington)
Map of Administrative Division, posted by R. Daward
REFERENCE Smolensk Oblast, pp.216-217, in : Europa Publications, The Territories of the Russian Federation, London : Europa 1st ed. 1999 [G]

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