History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Poland Romania
First posted on April 29th 2002, last revised on May 26th 2012

For the history of individual Soviet Republics, during the Soviet period (1922-1991) and after the dissolution of the Soviet Union (1991), see Estonia .. Latvia .. Lithuania .. Belarus .. Ukraine .. Moldova .. Georgia .. Armenia .. Azerbaijan .. Kazakhstan .. Uzbekistan .. Turkmenistan .. Tajikistan .. Kyrgyzstan

Soviet Union, 1985-1991 : Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1964-1985 : Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1956-1964 : Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1949-1956 : Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1945-1949 : Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1939-1945 : Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1929-1939 : The Economy .. Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy
Soviet Union, 1922-1928 : The Economy .. Domestic Policy .. Foreign Policy

Russia, 1917-1921 : Civil War .. War Communism .. RSFSR
Russian Revolution, 1917 : February Revolution .. October Revolution .. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, 1918

For earlier history, see Russian Empire

Historical Atlas, Russian Empire / USSR, Europe Page
List of Wars : USSR

Students' Paper : Park, Joo Won, Management of Nuclear Power in History (2012)
Students' Paper : Jung, Changwoo, A Comparison of the Mining and Metallurgic Industry in Germany, Japan, Russia, the U.S, and Chile 1850-1950 (2011)
Students' Paper : Ryuk, Sohee, Name-Calling in the History of Russia (2010)
Students' Paper : Nam, Sangjoon, Communism in the Soviet Union from 1917 to 1964 in Thaw- and Post-Thaw Era Soviet Historiography (2010)
Students' Paper : Ryu, Hye Jin, History of Popular Music in Communist Countries: USSR and China (2009)
Students' Paper : Kim, Jae Hee, History of Polish-Russian/Soviet Relations (2009)
Students' Papers : Jeong, Hae Yoon, History of Education in Communist Countries (2009)
Students' Papers : Song, Yonghyun, Leo Trotsky : How History Shaped his Life (2008)
Students' Papers : Lee, Si-eun, Women in Communist Russia 1917-1945 (2008)
Student Papers : Koo, Hyemin : Evolution of Film Propaganda Throughout World War II (on the U.S., the U.K., the U.S.S.R., Germany and Italy; 2006)
Student Papers : Han, Yuna : An Inside Perspective. Cinematic Representation of Soviet Society during the Thaw (2005)
Student Papers : Kwak, Suk Chun : Development, Deployment and Impact of Airborne Infantry during World War II (on the U.S.S.R., Germany, the U.K. and the U.S.; 2005)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles current from Library of Congress (former Soviet Union)
; from Wikipedia
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from SSEES
Virtual Library for Russian and East European Studies, from REESWeb
Category : Soviet Union, from Wikipedia
List of Soviet Union-Related Topics, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History; from Russian Club at Texas Tech, on History of the Soviet Union, from School of History, UEA
Historical Dictionaries Encyclopedia of Russian History
Rusnet Encyclopedia
Bol'saja Sovetskaya Enciklopedija
Timelines Soviet Union, from BBC News; Russia to 1910, 1911-1944, 1945-1987, 1988-1995, from timelines.ws
Chronology of Russian History : Soviet Period, from Bucknell
Soviet Union Factbook by Marcus Wendel
Accounts of History General, Modern from Wikipedia, from H Net
Seventeen Moments in Soviet History, from Russian Source Book Project
Communism, website on the history of the USSR, by M. Andersson
General, Historical
Specific Periods
Politics A Chronology of Russian Anarchism 1921-1953, from LibCom
Military WHKMLA List of Wars, USSR
Russian Military History, posted by Mark Conrad, translations
Russian Marches
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Russia
Article Economy of the U.S.S.R., Russian Ruble, from Wikipedia
History of Russian Pipeline Transport, from Transneft
History of Oil in Russia, from Gazprom
Articles Sovkhoz, Kolkhoz, New Economic Policy, Five Year Plan (USSR), Collectivization in the U.S.S.R., from Wikipedia
The Cotton Textile Industry in Russia and the Soviet Union, by Dave Pretty
Irina Mukhina, Gendered Division of Labor and Concepts of "Feminine" and "Masculine" among Special Settlers in the Soviet Union, 1941-1946, IEHC 2006
Kim Oosterlinck, Hope Springs Eternal ... French Bondholders and the Soviet Repudiation, 1915-1919, IEHC 2006
Lih, Lars T. Bread and Authority in Russia, 1914-1921. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
Ball, Alan M. Russia's Last Capitalists: The Nepmen, 1921-1929., Berkeley: University of California Press, [1987] 1990,
V.P. Miliutin, The economic organisation of Soviet Russia : a brief sketch of the organisation and the present situation of industry in Russia (1920), posted on Internet Archive
Social History Category Forced Migration in the Soviet Union, from Wikipedia
Article Population Transfer in the Soviet Union, from Wikipedia
Lethal Politics : Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder since 1917, by R.J. Rummel
Ball, Alan M. And Now My Soul Is Hardened: Abandoned Children in Soviet Russia, 1918-1930., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Aurelie Campana, Chronological Index : The Soviet Massive Deportations - A Chronology, from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Russian Chess History, by Bill Wall
History of Russian Hockey, from Ice Warriors
Category : Russia at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Ethnography Deportation of Crimean Tatars in the Soviet Union, from Crimean Tatars Home Page
Soviet Mass Deportations from Latvia, from Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Lost Sheep. The Soviet Deportations of Ethnic Koreans and Volga Germans, by Lee Chai Mun
Deportations from Lithuania, from The Sarmatian Review
Soviet Deportations of Polish Nationals, from Electronic Museum
Aurelie Campana, Case Studies : Sürgün: The Crimean Tatars' deportation and exile , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Aurelie Campana, Case Studies : The Massive Deportation of the Chechen People: How and why Chechens were Deported , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Religion Article Religion in the U.S.S.R, from Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Russia and the U.S.S.R., from Wikipedia
Russia, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy, scroll down for Mohilev
History of Regions Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
For the History of Siberia / Asian Russia, click here
WHKMLA History of Karelia, Komi, Udmurtia, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Mari-El, Chuvashia, Mordvinia, Kalmykia, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Chechnya, North Ossetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Adygeya, Karachai-Cherkessia
Category : Administrative Divisions in Russia, from Wikipedia
Subjects of Russia, Rayons of Russia, from www.statoids.com (Gwillim Law)
History of Kaliningrad Oblast, from Wikipedia
Local History for cities located in Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Siberia, see under the respective region
History of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Nizhni Novgorod, Volgograd, Kazan, Samara, Saratov, Astrakhan, Stavropol, Rostov, Voronezh, Kursk, Ryazan, Oryol, Tula, Yaroslavl, Tver, Smolensk, Kaliningrad, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of Flight : Russia, from Flight 100
History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, from Wikipedia
History of Lomonosov Moscow State University
History, from JSC Russian Railways
USSR, from Airline History
Culture Article Russian Literature, from Wikipedia
Article Russian Ballet, from Wikipedia
Article Cinema of Russia, from Wikipedia
Article Music of Russia, from Wikipedia
Article Russian Architecture, from Wikipedia
Mally, Lynn. Culture of the Future: The Proletkult Movement in Revolutionary Russia., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
Von Geldern, James. Bolshevik Festivals, 1917-1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
Biographies List of Russians, from Wikipedia
Witkin, Zara. An American Engineer in Stalin's Russia: The Memoirs of Zara Witkin, 1932-1934., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
Others The History of Tea : Russia, from Go27
Dates of Establishment of Foreign Relations with the USSR, from Wikipedia
Russia : Forbidden Books and Newspapers, from Beacon for Freedom of Expression
Weiner, Douglas R. A Little Corner of Freedom: Russian Nature Protection from Stalin to Gorbachev. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press, 1999.
François-Xavier Nerard, Case Studies : The Levashovo cemetery and the Great Terror in the Leningrad region , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Piotr H. Kosicki, Case Studies : The Katyn Massacres of 1940, from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Alexandra Goujon, Case Studies : Kurapaty (1937-1941): NKVD Mass Killings in Soviet Belarus , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Nicolas Werth, Chronological Index : Crimes and Mass Violence of the Russian Civil Wars (1918-1921), from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Nicolas Werth, Chronological Index : Mass Crimes under Stalin (1930-1953) , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Daniel Kowalsky, Stalin and the Spanish Civil War, diss. Columbia UP n.d.

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel; scroll down for Soviet Union); Political Leaders of the U.S.S.R., from ZPC
List of Leaders of the Soviet Union, from Wikipedia
Lists of Ambassadors Polscy ambasadorzy w Rosji, from Wikipedia Polish edition; Ambassador of India to Russia, from Wikipedia; Embajadores de Mexico en Federacion de Rusia, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Population Figures Historical Abortion Statistics - USSR, from Johnston's Archive
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes
Specific Newspapers English Russia. The greatest propaganda journal of the USSR (selected images from)
Online Yearbooks - USSR Entries
Propaganda Films
Films on History/Society
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on the USSR
License Plates, from License Plates of the World, from Francoplaque
Archival Deposits Nationaalarchief (NL) Inventaris van het archief van de Ambassade in de Sovjetunie (Moskou), 1943-1955 (1957)
Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
International Institute of Social History (Amsterdam), Smolensk Archives 1934-1936
National Archives Collection of Foreign Records Seized : Russian Records 1870-1947
Constitutions Verfassungen Russlands (Constitutions of Russia), from verfassungen.de, in German
Laws National Labour Law Profile : Russian Federation, from ILO
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Russia, from ILO, 57 docs. since 1934
Internet Law Library : USSR
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken (Mofa, NL) ; enter "Soviet Unie" in field : "Lijst samenstellen op land of regio", 17 entries; sources posted in Dutch language
Document Surveys
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Russia
Russian Historical Texts in English, posted by John Slatter, Univ. Durham
Russian History Digital Library, extensive collections of links to primary sources
Primary Sources, from russianhistory.org
Online Exhibitions, from National Library of Russia, comment in English
Revelations from the Russian Archives, from Library of Congress
Forced Labour Camps (Gulags), online exhibition from Open Society Archives
1000 Schlüsseldokumente zur Russischen und Sowjetischen Geschichte (1000 Key documents on Russian and Soviet history), posted by BSB, in German
Historical Maps collections
on Russian History
WHKMLA Historical Atlas Russia Page
Discus Media : The 1900 Collection, Maps from Yesteryear, Russia
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Russia
Russia and the former Soviet Republics Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Russia, Maps of the History of Russia, Wikimedia Commons
on Soviet History
Atlas of the Soviet Union, from Wikimedia Commons
U.S. Army Map Service, Topographical Maps Eastern Europe 1:250,000, PCL, UTexas
U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Topographical Maps Russia 1:250,000, PCL, UTexas
Historical and Political Maps of the USSR, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
USSR, hindsight
USSR, contemporary (European) Russia 1926 (with administrative divisions), Russia 1936, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary Soviet-Finnish Front during the Second World War, 1945, Leningrad 1932, 1968, Liepaja 1932, Moscow Central, 1922, Central, 1932, 1968, The Growth of Moscow 1800 to 1957, Odessa 1922, 1932, Probert Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Russia, Russian Literature
Gouvernements : Moscow, Tver, Pskov, Novgorod, Olonets, Archangelsk, Vologda, Perm, Vyatka, Ufa, Samara, Kazan, Simbirsk, Saratov, Penza, Tambov, Voronezh, Astrakhan, Territory of the Don Cossacks, Stavropol, Kharkov, Ekaterinoslav, Taurida, Kherson, Bessarabia, Podolia, Kiev, Chernigov, Kursk, Orel, Tula, Ryazan, Kaluga, Smolensk, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Minsk, Volhynia, Grodno, Poltava
Cities : Moscow, Nizhniy-Novgorod, Samara, Azov, Smolensk, from EB 1911
Religious Articles Russia, Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Pale of Settlement, Nijni-Novgorod, Smolensk, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Articles Russia, Russian Religion, Russian Language and Literature, Saint Petersburg, Nihilism, Moscow, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1912 edition
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues Life Guide : How to Visit the Soviet Union, Life, Sep 13 1963, GB
C.E.B. Roberts, Through starving Russia, being a record of a journey to Moscow and the Volga provinces, in August and September, 1921, posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Archives in Russia, from ArcheoBiblioBase
Russian Archives Online
Yale Russian Archive Project
Musea Museums in Russia, from WWW Virtual Library
www.russian museums.info
Libraries Libraries of Russia, from Libraries on the Internet, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
National Anthem of the U.S.S.R., from Wikipedia
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of the U.S.S.R., from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Russia (U.S.S.R.) Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on USSR survey of bibliographies National Bibliography of Russia, Russia : Bibliography of Bibliographies, from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library
bibliographic database EBSEES (European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies)
Bibliographieportal zur Geschichte Ostmitteleuropas - LitDok Ostmitteleuropa
general bibliographies pp.361-406 in B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Library R 947.8 R268h
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Russian and East European Studies - list of books published by Routledge Curzon
general bibliographies
USSR entries
booksellers Russian DVD.com
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
on USSR Russian State Library : Digital Library
Electronic Resources Library, from Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of History (mostly in Russian)
Russia Online, electronic library requiring subscription
Russian History Digital Library, from Academic Info
Thesis Server Russian State Library : Digital Library : Dissertations
English Language (Abstracts of Russian Language) Dissertations from the CIS
Online Journals Links
full text online Cahiers du Monde Russe 1959-2008, Persee
Revue des Etudes Slaves 1921-2005, Persee
Jahrbücher für die Geschichte Osteuropas 1936-2006, BSB
Vestnik, The Journal of Russian and Asian Studies, 2005-
Finno-Ugrica 1997-2008
contents online Russian Studies in History 1962-
General Accounts Melvin K. Wren, Course of Russian History, Waveland 1997, 617 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 947 W945
Charles E. Ziegler, The History of Russia, Greenwood 1999, 272 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 947 Z66t
Irene Neander, Grundzüge der Russischen Geschichte (An Outline of Russian History) , Darmstadt 1970, in German [G]
Geoffrey Hosking, The First Socialist Society. A History of the Soviet Union from within, Cambridge MA : Harvard UP (1985) 1992, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 947 H826f
Christopher Read, The Making and Breaking of the Soviet System, Basingstoke : MacMillan 2001, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 947 R282n
Die Sowjetunion 1953-1991, Informationen zur politischen Bildung 236, 1992 [G]
Die Sowjetunion 1917-1953, Informationen zur politischen Bildung 235, 1992 [G]
William Richard Morfill, Russia and Poland. The History of Nations Vol.XV. NY : Collier & Son (1907) 1928 [G]
J.P. Nettl, The Soviet Achievement, Norwich : Harcourt, Brace & World 1967 [G]
M.S. Farbman, Russia and the Struggle for Peace (1918), posted on Internet Archive
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive
Historiography Soviet Perspective Ye. Yurovskaya (ed.), Modern History 1640-1870, Moscow : Progress Publishers 1990 [G]
A. Podkolzin, A Short Economic History of the USSR, Moscow : Progress Publishers 1968 [G]
V. Alexandrov, A Contemporary World History 1917-1945, Moscow : Progress Publishers 1986 [G]
Western Perspective Article : Soviet Historiography, by T. Sanders, pp.854-856, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
Specific Topics Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution 1917, Cambridge : Cambridge UP 2000, KMLA Lib.Sign. 947.084 W118t
Richard Overy, Russia's War. A History of the Soviet War Effort 1941-1945, NY : Penguins 1998 [G]
Mark Harrison, The Soviet Union, the Defeated Victor, in : Mark Harrison (ed.), The Economics of World War II, Cambridge : UP 1998 pp.268-302, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.5314 H318e
Beryl Williams, The Russian Revolution 1917-1921, Oxford : Basil Blackwell 1987, 119 pp. [G]
Victor Serge, From Lenin to Stalin, NY : Pathfinder (1937) 1973, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 914.70 S484f
Adam B. Ulam, The Bolsheviks. The Intellectual, Personal and Political History of the Triumph of Communism in Russia, NY : Collier 1965 [G]
Edward Hallett Carr, The Bolshevik Revolution 1917-1923, Vol.2, NY : W.W. Norton 1985 [G]
Brian Moynahan, The Russian Century. A Photographic History of Russia's 100 Years, NY : Random House 1994 [G]
Mervyn Matthews, Privilege in the Soviet Union. A Study of Elite Life-Styles under Communism. London : George Allen & Unwin 1978 [G]
Jamey Gambrell (ed.), The Inner Circle. An Inside View of Soviet Life under Stalin, NY : Newmarket 1991 [G]
Anders Åslund, Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform, Ithaca : Cornell UP 1989 [G]
Nicholas L.Fr.-Chirovsky, The Economic Factors in the Growth of Russia, NY : Philosophical Library 1957 [G]
Mark B. Tauger, Stalin, Soviet Agriculture, and Collectivization, pp.109-142 in : Frank Trentmann (ed.), Food and Conflict in Europe in the Age of the Two World Wars, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.31 T795f
Cynthia S. Kaplan, The Party and Agricultural Crisis Management in the USSR, Ithaca : Cornell UP 1987 [G]
Jere L. Felker, Soviet Economic Controversies. The Emerging Market Concept and Changes in lanning 1960-1965, Cambridge : MIT Press 1966 [G]
Benjamin Pinkus, The Jews of the Soviet Union, the History of a National Minority, Cambridge : UP 1988 [G]
Cathy Porter, Women in Revolutionary Russia, Cambridge Educational 1987 [G]
James R. Harris, The Great Urals. Regionalism and the Evolution of the Soviet System, Cornell UP 1999 [G]
Zev Katz, Rosemarie Rogers, Frederic Harned : Handbook of Major Soviet Nationalities, NY : The Free Press 1975 [G]
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago 1956, NY : Harper & Row 1985, KMLA Lib.Sign. 365.45 S692b
Edmund Wilson, To the Finland Station, NY : Review Book (1940) n.d., KMLA Lib.Sign. 335.4 W746t
Arie Zand, Political Jokes of Leningrad, Austin : Silvergirl 1982 [G]
Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin. The Court of the Red Czar, NY : Alfred A. Knopf 2004 [G]
Sergei Khrushchev (ed.), Memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev, Providence : Brown UP 2006, Vol.1 : Commissar, 1918-1945; Vol.2 : Reformer, 1945-1964, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 947.0852 K45m
Sources Richard Lourie, Russia Speaks, An Oral History from the Revolution to the Present, NY : Edward Burlingame 1991 [G]
Russian Institute at Columbia University, The Anti-Stalin Campaign and International Communism NY : Columbia UP 1956 [G]
Historical Atlasses John Channon, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia, London : Penguin 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947 C458p
Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Russian History, Dorset Press (1972) 1985 [G]
R.C. ingsbury and R.N. Taaffe, An Atlas of Soviet Affairs, NY : Frederick A. Praeger 1965 [G]
Historical Dictionaries B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h
Joseph L. Wieczynski, The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History, vols. 1, 5, 10, 11, 23, 27, 31, 33, 37, 43 [G]

Impressum · Datenschutz