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Literature on the History of South East Asia
History of China History of Annam
First posted on April 18th 2010, last revised on September 25th 2010, last revised on December 14th 2013






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

see also History of Tonkin until 1802, History of Vietnam 1802-1885, History of French Indochina, History of North Vietnam 1954-1975, History of Vietnam since 1975
see also History of Mainland Southeast Asia


In western sources published prior to 1945, Vietnam during the years 1500 to French colonization does not appear as one political entity, but instead as three distinct entities - Tonkin (Tonquin, Tongking, Tonking etc.), Annam and Cochinchina. In 1802, the Nguyen Dynasty unified these three (Vietnam 1802-1885). While many contemporary western scholars were aware of this, the names Annam, Cochinchina and Tonkin continued to be used, at imes for the historical region, at times for the entire polity. Modern Vietnamese historiography emphasizes that these were fragments of essentially one greater unit, Dai Viet.
From 1887 to 1954, Tonkin, Annam and Cochinchina together with Laos and Cambodia formed part of French Indochina. In 1954, Tonkin was to form the core of newly independent, Communist North Vietnam.

Historical Atlas : Vietnam Page
Timeline : Tonkin

List of Wars : Vietnam






Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles from Wikipedia
J. Kleinen, Side Streets of History: A Dutchman's stereoscopic views of colonial Vietnam, Diss. Leiden 2007
Bonnetain, Paul, Au Tonkin, 1885. in French, SBB
Grandmaison, Louis, En territoire militaire l'expansion française au Tonkin, 1898, in French, SBB
Mesny, William, Tungking, 1884, SBB
Norman, Charles Bosworth, Le Tonkin ou la France dans l'Extreme-Orient, 1884, in French, SBB
Links General
Organizations
Historical Dictionary
Timelines click here
Accounts of History Dupuis, Jean, Le Tonkin de 1872 ?1886 histoire et politique, 1910, in French, SBB
Specific Periods A. Cunningham, The French in Tonkin and South China, 1902, IA
Billot, Albert, L'affaire du Tonkin histoire diplomatique de l'etablissement de notre protectorat sur l'Annam et de notre conflit avec la China 1882-1885 ; par un diplomate [il e. Albert Billot] , 1888, in French, SBB
Dabry de Thiersant, Claude Philibert, La Solution de la question du Tonkin au point de vue des interets Français, 1885, in French, SBB
Pene-Siefert, Joceleyn, La question tonkinoise avant et apres le traite avec la Chine, 1885, in French, SBB
Riviere, Armand, Guerre avec la Chine, la politique coloniale et la question du Tonkin, 1883, in French, SBB
Historiography
Politics Foreign Policy, Relations Ferry, Jules, Le Tonkin et la mere-patrie, temoignages et documents, 1890, in French, SBB
Military S.A. Staunton, The war in Tong-king. Why the French are in Tong-king, and what they are doing there, 1884, IA
Dupuis, Jean, La conquete du Tong-Kin par vingt-sept Fran?is commandes, 1880, in French, SBB
Lecomte, Jean Fran?is Alphonse, L'armee française au Tonkin: Guet-Apens de Bac-Le, 1890, in French, SBB
Scott, James George, Frankreich und Tonkin eine Beschreibung des Feldzuges von 1884 und der Besetzung Hinterindiens ; nebst Schilderungen von Land und Leuten, 1886, in German, SBB
J. Morel, Calendrier des crimes de la France outre-mer, 2005 : 23 novembre 1946: Bombardement de Haiphong : 6000 morts (Vietnam) , 29 juillet 1949 : Un officier français : "On tourne et le prisonnier crache." (Vietnam), 8 aout 1951: Henri Martin, ancien resistant FTP, condamne a 5 ans de prison pour "tentative de demoralisation de l'armee." (Vietnam)
Economy & Finances The Economics of the Second World War in Southeast Asia, by Greg Huff Imbert, Calixte, Le Tonkin, industriel et commercial productions agricoles et minieres, industries indigenes, renseignements aux colons, statistique ; annuaire du Tonkin pour 1885, petit vocabulaire usuel, 1885, in French, SBB
Social History Tranh Thi Phuonh Hoa, Franco-Vietnamese schools and the Transition from Confucian to a new Type of Intellectual in the Colonial Context of Tonkin, Yenching Institute Working Paper 2009
Ethnography San-Tsai-Tou-Hoei les peuples de l'Indo-Chine et des pays voisins ; notices ethnographiques, 1874, in French, SBB
Diguet, Edouard, Les montagnards du Tonkin, 1908, in French, SBB
Religion Les missions en Indo-Chine, 1904, in French, SBB
Local History History of Hanoi, from Lonely Planet
The History of Hanoi's Old Quarter, by Barbara Cohen
Article Tonkin, from Wikipedia
Article Hanoi, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions
Culture & Science
Biographies
Environmental History
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon
Statistical Data Population Figures Historic Population Statistics by Province : Vietnam, posted by Jan Lahmeyer; data for Tonkin at the bottom
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Bulletin officiel de l'Annam et du Tonkin 1889, Gallica
Image Databanks Historic Picture Postcards : Tonkin, from Postcardman
Video Documentaries Search INA (video documentaries 1941-2001) for Tonkin
Archival Deposits France, Archives nationales d'outre-mer
Laws
Historiography
Treaties Rapport au President de la Republique Française, 28 Fevr. 1890 [on creation of French tribunal in Tonkin], p.306 in 2nd series vol.33 of Archives Diplomatiques, 1890, in French, GB
Chine-France, Convention pour le raccordement de lignes telegraphiques, Dec. 1st 1888, pp.257-260 in 2nd series vol.34 of Archives Diplomatiques, 1890, in French, GB
Document Collections
Individual Documents
Historical Maps map Tongking, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888, posted by Wikimedia Commons
map Indochina, from Scottish Geographical Magazine 1886, posted by Wikimedia Commons
see WHKMLA Historical Atlas, South East Asia, French Indochina, Vietnam pages
Atlas of Vietnam, from Commons Wikimedia
Tong-King 1906, Hanoi (European Quarter) 1922, Hanoi (European Quarter) 1932, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Tongking, Hanoi, from EB 1911
Articles Tongking, Hanoi, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious
Economic
Geographical
Historical
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides Madrolle, Guide du voyageur: Indo-Chine, Canal de Suez, Djibouti et Harar, Indes Fran&ccaises, 1902, in French, IA
Travelogues Orleans, Henri-Philippe, Autour du Tonkin, 1894, in French, SBB
Orleans, Henri Philippe, Du Tonkin aux Indes : janvier 1895 - janvier 1896, 1898, in French, SBB
Residence Memoirs Girod, Leon-Xavier, Dix ans de Haut-Tonkin, 1911, in French, SBB
Institutions Archives Archives Nationales d'Outremer (France)
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL for Tonkin
Judith Henchy, Preservation and Archives in Vietnam : Decentralized Control in the Colonial Period
Musea
Monuments UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Vietnam), Tentative Lists : Vietnam
Libraries National Library of Vietnam, page in Vietnamese
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Coins and Banknotes from Vietnam and French Indochina, from Art Hanoi
Vietnam Coins and Paper Notes, from Viet Touch

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Vietnam, Tonkin
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
International Boundary Studies
Gallica
on Vietnan, Tonkin Digitale Sammlungen : Ostasiatica, from Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
Bulletin de l'Ecole française d'Extreme-Orient 1901-2003
General Accounts Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 959 T188c
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.27, pp.740-744 Article Southeast Asia : Laos, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 032 B862h v.27
Stanley Karnow, Vietnam : a History, Harmondsworth : Penguin 1984, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 959.704 K18v
Pham Quoc Su, Negative Consequences caused by Japanese Fascism in Vietnam (in the Second World War), pp.138-154 in : Korean Society for Western History (ed.), Modern History as Described in Japanese Histoy Textbooks and Basic Direction of History Education, Seoul 2005
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries William J. Duiker, Historical Dictionary of Vietnam, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1989 [G]
Yearbooks Article : French Indo-China - Tonquin, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.508-510 (on events of 1894) [G]
Article : French Indo-China - Tonking, in : Statesman's Year Book 1898 pp.506-508, 1901 pp.580-583, 1905 pp.638-643, 1910 pp.784-789, 1918 p.847, 1919 p.853, 1924 p.893, 1925 pp.904-905, 1926 p.878, 1928 pp.891-892, 1929 p.879, 1932 pp.881-882, 1937 pp.920-921, 1943 pp.907-908 [G]
Article : Tonking, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.828, 1928 p.758, 1930 p.747, 1931 p.743, 1932 p.692, 1933 p.745, 1934 p.576, 1935 p.696, 1936 p.707, 1937 p.682, 1938 pp.676-677, 1939 p.740, 1940 p.760, 1943 p.707, 1944 p.683 [G]
Article : Tonquin, or Tonking, in : International Year Book 1899 p.774, 1900 p.865 [G]
Article : Tongking, in : New International Year Book 1907 p.769, 1908 p.692, 1909 p.700, 1913 p.678, 1914 p.695, 1916 p.685, 1918 p.645, 1919 p.674, 1920 p.674, 1921 p.696, 1923 p.746, 1925 p.698, 1928 p.749, 1930 p.758 [G]