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Mempawah Sintang
First posted on February 25th 2009; last revised on December 19th 2013






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

See also Dutch East Indies, 1795-1949, Indonesia
Regional history : History of Borneo


The Sultanate of Pontianak (Western Kalimantan/Borneo) was established in 1771, by a son of the Sultan of Sukadana who had married a daughter of the ruler of Mempawah and who established Pontianak as center of piratical activity. In 1819 it was declared a protectorate of the Dutch East Indies. Pontianak became the capital of the D.E.I. administrative unit "Borneo Wester-Afdeling". In 1950 the sultanate was abolished, its territory annexed by the Republic of Indonesia.








Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles on West Borneo Article : West Kalimantan, from Wikipedia
Pieter Johannes Veth, Borneo's Wester-Afdeling, 1854, in Dutch, posted on Internet Archive
Denys Lombard, Guide Archipel IV : Pontianak et son arriere-pays, Archipel 1984 vol.28 pp.77-97
Dr. Leyden, Sketch of Borneo : of the Western Coast of Borneo, pp.25-33, of the Dayak pp.53-64 in : Transactions of the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences vol.7 1814
on Pontianak Article : Kabupaten Pontianak, Kota Pontianak
Dr. Leyden, Sketch of Borneo : of Pontiana pp.33-53, in : Transactions of the Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences vol.7 1814
Links General Category : West Kalimantan, from Wikipedia
Borneo Research Bulletin
Indonesisch Borneo, from startpagina.nl
on History Categorie : Geschiedenis van Borneo, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Organizations International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Japan Society for Southeast Asian Studies (JSSEAS)
The International Center for East Asian Archaeology and Cultural History (ICEAACH)
Finnish University Network for East and Southeast Asian Studies
Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society
Timelines Search Google News Archive for Pontianak, Kadriah, click Timeline
Accounts of History on Borneo Kalimantan Overview, from Building Human Security in Indonesia
on Kalimantan Barat Introduction to Kalimantan Barat, from Indahnesia
on Pontianak Malay History : Kadriah Sultanate, from Melayu Online
Article : Pontianak : History, from Wikipedia
Pontianak, from almanach.be; site requiring registration
Specific Periods Mary Somers Heidhues, The First Two Sultans of Pontianak , Archipel 1998 vol.56 pp.273-294
J. Willi, The early relations of England with Borneo to 1805 (1922), posted on Internet Archive
Historiography Chairil Effendi, Oral Tradition and Identity in West Kalimantan Society, Sari 27 2009 pp.3-12
V. Matheson, The Tuhfat al-Nafis : Structure and Sources, from BTLV 127 1971 pp.375-392
Military The Conquer of Borneo Island 1941-1942, from The Netherlands East Indies 1941-1942; Describing the Japanese Occupation: a case of West Kalimantan, from a Japanese site
Article Expeditie naar de Westerafdeling van Borneo (1850-1854), from Wikipedia Dutch edition
D. Teeuwen, Some Remarks about inception, organization and feats of arms of the Royal Dutch East Indian Army (KNIL)
Okuno Katsumi : Describing the Japanese Occupation: a case of West Kalimantan
Economy & Finances Harold Brookfield, Lesley Potter, and Yvonne Byron In Place of the Forest : Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula, UNU 1995
Ethnography Yuan Bingling, Chinese Democracies. A Study of the Kongsis of West Borneo (1776-1884)
Scan : The Chinese in Borneo, from The China Review vol.26 1897
James T. Collins, Contesting Straits-Malayness : the Fact of Borneo, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 32 2001 pp.385-395
Religion Article Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Pontianak, from Wikipedia
Bornean Religions, from Overview of World Religions
History of Regions
Local History Article Pontianak, from Wikipedia
Pontianak History, from Pontianak Guide
Institutions Jamie S. Davidson, Primitive Politics : The Rise and Fall of the Dayak Unity Party in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, NUS Asia Research Institute Working Paoer no.9 2003
Biographies Pirate Encyclopedia by Arne Zuidhoek
Environmental History
Others F.A. Smith, Missionaries, mariners, and merchants: overlooked British travelers to West Borneo in the early nineteenth century. Borneo Research Bulletin 2002
Nummercodes op Postwissels : Kantorenschema met Nummers van de Hoofd-, Bij- en Hulppostkantoren, in Dutch
Borneo Research Council 2004 : Captain Burn and associates : British intelligence-gathering, trade, and litigation in Borneo and beyond during the early nineteenth century. posted by The Free Library

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Indonesia : Princely States : Pontianak, from World Statesmen
Indonesia, Traditional Polities, from Rulers; scroll down for Borneo, Pontianak
Included in Article : Kadriah Sultanate, from Melayu Online
Genealogical Gleanings : Pontianak
Statistical Data Population Figures Kalimantan Barat, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer; data since 1930
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten - historisch, from startpagina.nl Dutch language site
Search Archief Leeuwarder Courant (1752-) in Dutch
Search Digitaal Krantenarchief at Regionaal Archief Leiden, in Dutch
Search Papers Past (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Search Newspapers SG (Singapore Newspapers 1831-2006)
Historic Australian Newspapers 1803-1954
Image Databanks Geheugen van Nederland; site in Dutch; Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam; Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde, Leiden; Maritiem Digitaal (Dutch Maritime Musea); Leiden University Digital Sources (mostly images); Wikimedia Commons; Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Koleksi Foto, from Indonesian National Library, site in Bahasa Indonesia
Photo, Four Men, Pilgrims, from Pontianak, Borneo Island, in Costume Outside Stucco Building , from Smithsonian Institution, Archives, Manuscripts, Photographs Catalog
Search Delcampe Picture Postcards for Pontianak
Archival Deposits online Manuscript Collection, from Indonesian National Library, Koleksi Digital
index online Search ARCHIEVEN.NL
Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS, search in Archives, Manuscripts and Photographs); has numerous items on Borneo, at least one on Sambas
Inventory of the Oriental Manuscripts of the Library of the University of Leiden vol.12
Memories van Overgave, from IDC Publishers; pdf file contains table of contents which lists Pontianak
KITLV Library, Manuscripts and Archives
Adatrechtbundels, ed. by KITLV, Serie L : Borneo, posted by Papua Web (scroll down)
Catalogue of Historic Archive Reconstructie van het Archief van de V.O.C. Vestiging Pontianak, from Tanap, in Dutch
Individual Documents Dr. Leyden, A Sketch of the Island of Borneo, in : The Asiatic Journal and Register for British India and its Dependencies, Nov,1816, pp.453-456, 558-563, Jan.1817 pp.12-16, 107-110, posted by Sejarah Melayu Library
Government of Borneo and its Dependencies, a Proclamation of the Governor-General of Netherlands India, published at Buitenzorg February 28th 1846, scan, source not given
Progress of the Borneo Mission, 1850 Report, from Anglican History; Chinese Repository 1840 - Journal of Occurrences, Borneo, from The Centre for the Study of Christianity in Asia
Historical Maps Search Atlas of Mutual Heritage for Pontianak
1521 Map of Borneo by Antonio Pigafetta, posted on Wikimedia Commons
Maps and Atlasses Collection : Borneo, from University of Leiden Digital Sources
Borneo Administrative 1914, from History Map
Map Room Netherlands Indies, from Orbat
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Territorial Divisions of Borneo, from EB 1902
Article Borneo, from EB 1911, posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Article Borneo, in Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German, posted by Zeno
Article Bugi, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek; Article Borneo, from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno
Religious
Economic Pontiana, p.417 in vol.1 of W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1825
Geographical Pontiana, p.410 in vol.1 of W. Hamilton, The East Indian Gazetteer 1828, GB
Pontiana, p.339 in vol.4 of The London Encyclopaedia, 1829, GB
Pontiana, p.142 in Dictionnaire geographique universel, 1839, in French, GB
Pontianak, p.234 in vol.9 of A.J. van der Aa, Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek der Nederlanden, 1847, in Dutch, GB
Articles : Borneo pp.57-66, Pontianak p.360, from John Crawfurd, A Descriptive Dictionary of the Indian Islands & Adjacent Countries 1856, posted on Internet Archive
Articles Borneo, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish, posted by Project Runeberg
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Staten Generaal Digitaal (Dutch Parliament, 1900-1994)
Hansard (British Parliament)
Travelogues A. W. Nieuwenhuis, In Centraal Borneo, Reis van Pontianak naar Samarinda [1894-1900] 1900, in Dutch, posted on Internet Archive
R.W.C. Shelford, E.B. Poulton, A Naturalist in Borneo 1912, posyed on Internet Archive
Tivadar Posewitz, Borneo: Entdeckungsreisen und Untersuchungen : gegenwärtiger Stand der geologischen Kenntniss. Verbreitung von Mineralien 1889, in German, posted on Internet Archive
J.H.W. Meijerink, Brieven uit Indië. Aan het Deldens Weekblad, 1948, Eerste tournee kartering West Borneo, in Dutch, posted by Caert Thresor 26, 2007
Institutions Musea Kalimantan Museums and Kalimantan Art Galleries, from World Guides; no entry for Sambas
Tropenmuseum Amsterdam
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flags, from FOTW
Coins Coin Catalog of Pontianak, from Numismaticon
Search Coin Archives for Pontianak

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies General ISBN Database
of former Colonial Powers Bibliopolis
RHS Bibliography
Nederlandse Bibliografie; DBNG
KITLV Library
on SE Asia Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS)
National Library of Australia, Indonesian Resources from the Dutch Period
on Borneo Index of Borneo Research Bulletin, -2006
Borneo Bibliography 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, from Borneo Research Bulletin
Books & Articles on Borneo, from Krul Antiquarian Books, commercial site
Reviews etc. WILLER, J. T. Eerste proeve eener Kronijk van Mampawa en Pontianak (1854)
Borneo's Wester-Afdeling, from De Gids 1855 in Dutch, posted by DBNL; review of P.J. Veth, Borneo's Wester-Afdeeling, geographisch, statistisch, historisch 1854
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
CIFOR Publications (on Forest Management)
On Southeast Asia Sejarah Melayu Library
KITLV Aceh Books
Perpustakaan Nasional (Indonesian National Library), click Koleksi Digital
NUS Asia Research Institute ARI Working Papers Series
K-Borneo, site requires registration
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories, Indonesia
Narcis (server for theses from the Netherlands)
Online Journals On South-East Asia Directory of Open Access Journals
Moussons. Recherche en sciences humaines sur l'Asie du Sud-Est
Bulletin de l'Ecole française de l'Extreme Orient 1901-2003
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Southeast Asian Studies e-Bulletin 1996-
On the Malay Archipelago Archipel 1971-2004 (French search engine)
BTLV 1853-1908, 1950-2009
Institute of the Malay World and Civilization, Sari 1999-2009, partly in English, partly in Bahasa Malaysia
On Borneo Borneo Research Bulletin
On Ethnology Tribal Arts 1994-2004
Shubunken. Asian Ethnology (formerly Asian Folklore Studies) 1942-2008
On Military History Mars et Historia, in Dutch on Dutch Military History
General Accounts On Southeast Asia Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, 4 vol.s, Cambridge : UP (1992) 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959 T188c
On Indonesia, Dutch East Indies, Borneo Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.213-245 Article Indonesia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.21
Steven Drakeley, The History of Indonesia, Westport CT : Greenwood 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. 959.8 0763h
on Pontianak
Historical Atlasses Jan M. Pluvier, Historical Atlas of Southeast Asia, Leiden : Brill 1995 [G]
Yearbook Entries