First posted on December 16th 2012, last revised on October 2nd 2013

Literature on the History of Southern Africa

Relevant Institutions : Digital Libraries :
none found as of Oct. 2nd 2013
Digital Public Library of America, Gallica
Memoria d'Africa e d'Oriente, Biblioteca digital

Relevant Institutions : Hemerotheques (Digital Newspaper Archives) :
ICON: International Coalition on Newspapers, Newspaper digitization projects, scroll down for South Africa

Relevant Institutions : Archives :
National Archives of Botswana, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe
National Archives of former Colonial Powers : Bundesarchiv (Germany), Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal), National Archives (UK)
Vatican Secret Archives
Endangered Archives Programme, EAP056: Locating, listing and protecting the archives of Independent (or African Instituted) Churches in Zimbabwe; EAP121: Preserving the archives of the United National Independence Party of Zambia, EAP204: Digitising the photographic archive of Zenzo Nkobi, EAP279: A rescue programme for the Matsieng Royal Archives, Lesotho, EAP429: A survey of church archives in Botswana

Relevant Institutions : Academic Journals
Africa South of the Sahara : History : Journals (Stanford)
African Studies Centre, Leiden, List of free, Africa related, e-journals
Revue africaine : journal des travaux de la Societe historique algerienne 1856-1929, Gallica
Afrique et Histoire 2003-2009, CAIRN
Nordic Journal of African Studies 1992-2012
Cahiers d'etudes africaines 1960-2013
Historical Association of South Africa, Historia
South African Military History Society, Military History Journal 1967-; all but the last few issues freely accessible online

Reference Material : Bibliography :
The Scarecrow Historical Dictionary series by country contains extensive bibliography sections. See under Historical Dictionaries
South African History Online, Bibliography
University of Botswana History Department, 2007 Bibliography & Guide to Sources on Botswana
National Archives of Malawi, Bibliography Geography and History
Bibliotheque Nationale, Catalogue de l'histoire de l'Afrique 1895, IA
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, Gallica

Reference Material : Atlases :
S. Kasule, The History Atlas of Africa, NY : Macmillan 1998 [G]
G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, A Modern Atlas of African History, London : Rex Collings 1976 [G]
I. LL. Griffiths, An Atlas of African Affairs, London : Routledge 1984 [G]
J. Murray, Cultural Atlas of Africa, NY : Facts on File (1981) 1995 [G]
University of Texas, Perry Castaneda Library, Map Collection Topographical Maps, Africa
Rhodesian Maps Archive

Reference Material : Statistical Data :
IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Jan Lahmeyer, Population Statistics : Africa; has tables showing historical data
Statistical Register of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope 1887, 1900, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, IA

Reference Material : Historical Dictionaries :
J.S. Olson, The Peoples of Africa. An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, Westport Ct : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Ken Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History, vol.2 : H-O, NY : Taylor & Francis 2005, vol.3 : P-Z, 2005 [G]
Scarecrow Historical Dictionaries by Country, volumes Botswana 1975, Lesotho 1977, 2004, Malawi 1980, Mozambique 2003, South Africa 1983, Swaziland 1975, Zambia 1979, Zimbabwe 1979 [G]

Reference Material : Lists of Rulers (Archontology):
Regnal Chronologies, Southern Africa (for Madagascar)
Ben Cahoon, World Statesmen
I. Mladjov, Monarchs

Primary Sources : surveys
Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum atque Americanarum, pp.263-273 (Africa pp.263-268), in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Government Publications relating to Basutoland (Lesotho), 1868-1966, with the Annual Departmental Reports including some materials relating to Bechuanaland (Botswana) and Swaziland 2006
Annual Departmental Reports Relating to Nyasaland, 1907-1964 n.d., Southern Rhodesia 1895-1980 n.d.
Government Publications relating to Northern Rhodesia 1891-1964 n.d., Nyasaland 1891-1964 1997, Southern Rhodesia 1890-1963 and to the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland 1953-1963 1983, the Cape of Good Hope, to 1910. Group I: Votes & Proceedings, Annexures & Select Committee Reports of the Cape House of Assembly & the Legislative Council, 1854-1910 1980
University of Botswana History Department, 2007 Bibliography & Guide to Sources on Botswana
Les Sources de l'Histoire moderne et contemporaine africaine, DEA 1999
Colonial Film, Moving Images of the British Empire
Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English language)
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents

Primary Sources : compilations
E. Hertslet (ed.), The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.1 1894, vol.2 1887, vol.3 1896, IA
Internet African History Sourcebook
Records of the Cape Colony from February 1793 vol.1 : 1793-1796 1897, vol.2 : 1796-1799 1898, vol.3 : 1799-1801 1898, vol.4 : 1801-1803 1899, vol.5 : 1803-1806 1899, vol.6 : 1806-1809 1900, vol.7 : 1809-1811 1900, vol.8 : 1811-1812 1901, vol.9 : 1812-1814, 1901, vol.10 : 1814-1815 1902, vol.11 : 1815-1818 1902, vol.12 : 1818-1820 1902, vol.13 : 1820-1821 1902, vol.14 : 1821-1822 1902, vol.15 : 1802-1803 1902, vol.16 : 1823-1824 1903, vol.17 : 1824 1903, vol.18 : 1824 1903, vol.19 : 1824-1825 1904, vol.20 : 1825 1904, vol.21 : 1825 1904, vol.22 : 1825 1904, vol.23 : 1825 1904, vol.24 : 1825 1904, vol.25 : 1826 1905, vol.26 : 1826 1905, vol.27 : 1826 1905, vol.28 : 1826 1905, vol.30 : 1827 1905, vol.31 : 1827 1905, vol.32 : 1827 1905, vol.33 : 1827 1905, vol.34 : 1827 1905, vol.35 : 1827-1831 1905, vol.36 : Register vols.1-35 1905, IA
Treaties Entered Into by Governors of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope and Other British Authorities with Native Chieftains and others beyond the borders of the colony between the years 1803 and 1853 1857, IA
African National Congress, search for historical documents
Dos primeiros trabalhos dos Portuguezes no Monomotapa 1892, IA
Despatches from United States Consuls in Pretoria, 1898-1906, 1962, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Primary Sources : explorers' travelogues
F. le Vaillant, Travels into the Interior Parts of Africa undertaken by the way of the Cape of Good Hope in the Years 1780, 1781, 1782, 1783, 1784 and 1785, vol.1 1796, vol.2 1796, vol.3 1796
C.F. Damberger, Travels through the interior of Africa: from the Cape of Good Hope to Morocco 1801, GB
J. Barrow, An Account of Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa, vol.1,2 1801, GB
Z. Taurinius, Travels through the interior of Africa, from the Cape of Good Hope to Morocco; in Caffraria, the Kingdoms of Mataman, Angola, Massi, Monoemugi, Muschako, Bahahara, Wangara, Haoussa, &c., &c. and thence through the desert of Sahara and the north of Barbary to Morocco. Between the years 1781 and 1797 1801, IA
H. Lichtenstein, Travels in South Africa in the years 1803, 1804, 1805 and 1806, 1812, GB
J. Campbell, Travels in South Africa 1815, GB
W.J. Burchell, Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa 1824, GB
G. Thompson, Travels and Adventures in Southern Africa 1827, GB
S. Kay, Travels and Researches in Caffraria 1833, IA
J. Campbell, Journal of Travels in South Africa Among the Hottentot and Other Tribes 1834, IA
N. Isaacs, Travels and Adventures in Eastern Africa, descriptive of the Zoolus, vol.1 1836, vol.2 1836, GB
A.F. Gardiner, Narrative of a Journey to the Zoolu Country, in South Africa 1836, IA
D. Livingstone, Livingstone's Travels and Researches in South Africa 1859, GB
L. McLeod, Travels in Eastern Africa, with a Narrative of a Residence in Mozambique, vol.1 1860, vol.2 1860, GB
J. Chapman, Travels in the Interior of South Africa 1868, GB
Livingstone's 1871 Field Diary
H.M. Stanley, Through South Africa His Visit to Rhodesia, the Transvaal, Cape Colony, Natal 1898, IA

Primary Sources : travel guides
J.F. Ingram, The land of gold, diamonds and ivory; being a comprehensive handbook and guide to the colonies, states and republics of South and East Africa 1889, IA

Primary Sources : yearbooks
Britannica Book of the Year 1913, 1942-1997, 1999, 2002 [G]; KMLA Library has vol. 1998, 2006
Statesman's Yearbook 1878, 1889, 1895, 1898, 1901-1902, 1904-1907, 1910, 1912, 1918, 1919, 1924-1926, 1928-1929, 1932-1933, 1937, 1942-1943, 1961-1962, 1962-1963, 1970-1971, 1973-1974, 1975-1976 to 1976-1977, 1978-1979 to 2011
Statesman's Yearbook 1867 IA, 1868 IA, 1869 IA, 1871 IA, 1872 IA, 1873 IA, 1874 IA, 1875 IA, 1876 IA, 1877 IA, 1878 IA, 1879 IA, 1880 IA, 1881 IA, 1882 IA, 1883 IA, 1884 IA, 1885 IA, 1886 IA, 1887 IA, 1888 IA, 1889 IA, 1890 IA, 1891 IA, 1892 IA, 1894 IA, 1895 IA, 1896 IA, 1899 IA, 1903 IA, 1913 IA, 1919 IA, 1921 IA
Americana Annual 1927-1928, 1930-1941, 1943-1947, 1950-1954, 1957-1981, 1983-1990, 1992-1995, 1997-1998, 2000-2002, 2005-2006, 2008
(New) International Yearbook 1898-1900, 1907-1910, 1913-1914, 1916-1926, 1928-1935, 1937-1946, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1961-1962 [G]; Internet Archive provides links to scans of volumes of 1925-1959
Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1989 [G] NATIONAL (Staatskalender)
African Court Calendar / Africaansche Staats Almanak 1807, 1809, 1811, 1814 GB
African Court Calendar and Directory 1822, GB
Colonial Office List : Cape of Good Hope, 1862 pp.50-56, 1867 pp.29-35, GB
British South Africa Company, Report on the Present Condition of Rhodesia 1903 IA
The (Southern) Rhodesia Native Affairs Dept. Annual for 1942, 1979, IA
Deutscher Kolonialatlas mit Jahrbuch, on Deutsch-Südwestafrika 1905 pp.11-14, German or. and English trsl., 1906 pp.12-15, German or. and English trsl., 1907 pp.13-16, German or. and English trsl., 1908 pp.12-15, German or. and English trsl., 1909 pp.17-21, German or. and English trsl., 1910 pp.18-21, German or. and English trsl., 1911 pp.22-24, German or., 1912 pp.25-27, German or., 1913 pp.23-26, German or. and English trsl., 1914 pp.25-29, German or. and English trsl., 1918 pp.16-10, German or. and English trsl., psm-data
South West Africa Annual 1962, IA
Digitized Books from Basutoland 1890-1938 (Lesotho), Bechuanaland 1889-1938 (Botswana), Northern Rhodesia 1924-1938 (Zambia), Nyasaland 1904-1936 (Malawi), Swaziland 1906-1938, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Primary Sources : Historiography
Southern Rhodesia 1890-1950; A Record of Sixty Years Progress, 1950, IA
J. Cappon, Britain's Title in South Africa, Or, The Story of Cape Colony to the Days of the Great Trek 1901, IA

Primary Sources : Mission Journals
Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica

Primary Sources : historic commercial directories etc.
W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva; or, The merchant's directory. 1754 ed. IA, of the Trade of Africk pp.613-620; 1792 ed. IA, pf the Trade of the African Coast pp.771-783, of the Trade of the African Islands pp.783-786
W. Dickinson, Universal Commerce, 1818, GB; Africa p.2
C. Vere, The pocket cambist, containing tables of monies of the principal cities in all parts of the world 1836, GB; Cape of Good Hope p.9
Knight's cyclopaedia of the industries of all nations 1851, IA; Africa pp.39-44

Primary Sources : laws, ordinances etc.
Ordinances, Proclamations, &c., &c., &c., Relating to the Colony of Natal, 1836 to 1855 1856, IA
Cape of Good Hope government proclamations from 1806 to 1825 as now in force and unrepealed and the ordinances passed in council from 1825 to 1847, with notes of reference to each and a copious index vol.1 1838, vol.3 1838, vol.4 1838, IA
A.F.S. Maasdorp, The institutes of Cape law; being a compendium of the common law, decided cases, and statute law of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope Book I : The Law of Persons 1907, Book II : The Law of Things 1907, Book III Parts II, III, IA
Laws regulating the relative rights and duties of masters, servants, and apprentices in the Cape Colony 1890, IA

Primary Sources : other
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1861-1960
J. Sutherland, Memoir respecting the Kaffers, Hottentots, and Bosjemans, of South Africa 1845, IA
J. Shooter, The Kafirs of Natal and Zulu Country 1857, IA
D. Carnegie, Among the Matabele 1894, IA
G.R. Hance, The Zulu yesterday and to-day; twenty-nine years in South Africa 1916, IA
Digital Namibian Archive, Stolze Family Photo Album, Swakopmund
A. Conan Doyle, The Great Boer War 1900, IA
G.H. Pennis, Blood and gold in South Africa : an answer to Dr. Conan Doyle; being an examination of his account of the "cause and conduct" of the South African War 1902, IA
Deutsch-Südwestafrika : Amtlicher Ratgeber für Auswanderer 1908, IA
Sacred Texts : South Africa
Cape Colony pp.352-357 in : United States Bureau of Foreign Commerce, Labor in America, Asia, Africa, Australasia, and Polynesia 1885, IA

D. Wilson, A History of South and Central Africa, 1975 [G]
J.D. Omer-Cooper, History of Southern Africa, 1988 [G]

Specific Topics : by period
The Prehistory of Southern Africa, chapter 20 pp.210-221 in J. Ki-Zerbo, Methodology and African Prehistory, vol.I abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1989 [G]
B.M. Fagan, People of the Earth. An Introduction to World Prehistory, 2001 [G]; ch.6 : Africans and Australians 45.000 B.P. to Modern Times pp.184-203, ch.11 First Farmers in Egypt and Tropical Africa pp.292-303, ch.16 [Early Civilization] Egypt, Nubia, and Africa pp.412-452
The South African Archaeological Society, Archaeology in Southern Africa
P. Mitchell, Hunter-gatherer archaeology in southern Africa 2002
R. Thornton, Shaping the southern African 'Iron Age' archaeological landscape: Indigenous African ritual, technology, and knowledge - Project description and concept statement 2013
600 CE TO 1450 CE
D. Randall-MacIver, Mediaeval Rhodesia, 1906, IA
1450 CE TO 1750 CE
A. Wilmot, Monomotapa (Rhodesia): Its Monuments, and Its History from the Most Ancient Times to the Present 1896, IA
1750 CE TO 1914 CE
African Initiatives and Resistance in Southern Africa, chapter 9 pp.94-107; chapter 27 pp.289-300 Politics and nationalism in Central and Southern Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
African Initiatives and Resistance in Southern Africa, chapter 9 pp.194-220; chapter 27 pp.673-711 Politics and nationalism in Central and Southern Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
M. Fortes et al., African Political Systems [1940] 1950, IA; chaptrers on the Zulu, Ngwato, Bemba
J. Stevenson, The Arabs in Central Africa and at Lake Nyassa 1888, IA
Chapter 21 pp.300-314 : The northern Zambezia-Lake Malawi Region, ch.22 pp.315-334 : Southern Zambezia, ch.23 : Dependence and interdependence : Southern Africa 500-1800, in : B.A. Ogot, Africa from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, vol.V abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa (1992) 1999 [G]
Chapter 10 pp.249-284 : Southern Africa since 1945 in A.A. Mazrui, Africa since 1935, vol.VIII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 960 M476g
S.F. Khunou, Traditional leadership and independent Bantustans of South Africa: some milestones of transformative constitutionalism beyond Apartheid 2009
V. Shubin, The USSR and Southern Africa during the Cold War 2008
UNESCO, The Decolonization of Southern Africa and the Horn of Africa 1978 Conference; published 1981
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 10 : Africa and the Second World War, 1985

Specific Topics : historiography
C.A. Hamilton, The Study of South African Precolonial History : "Bantustan Propaganda ?", n.d.
L. Matcham, The Changing Nature of the Historiography of the Mfecane, New Histories 2013
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 4 : The historiography of southern Africa, 1980

Specific Topics : social history
P.E. Lovejoy, Transformations in Slavery. A History of Slavery in Africa, Cambridge : UP 3rd ed. 2012 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 306.3 L897t
South African History Online : The Cape Malays
C.D. Carter, The History of Apartheid in South Africa
R. Hayashi, Long term population dynamics in Africa: A perspective from the urban structure 2007
Egypte, Nubie, Darfour et Cordofan pp.101-193, Abyssinie, Cote d'Habesch, pays d'Adel pp.193-233, Ajan, Zanguebar, Moçambique, Cafrerie, le Cap, Hotentotie, Madagascar etc. pp.233-301 in C. Henricy, Les moeurs et costumes de tous les peuple :
Afrique, 1847, Gallica

Specific Topics : economic history
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia, Oceania 1750-2000, 4th ed. 2003 [G]
Charles H. Feinstein, An Economic History of South Africa, Cambridge : UP 2005
C. Webb, History of South Africa's Cheap Labour Economy: The 1946 Miners Strike and the Marikana Massacre 2012
Gold Avenue, South Africa - Mining History
C. Kleingeld, A South African Railway History
E.D. Morel, The Black Man's Burden 1920, IA
F.J.W. McCosh, Traditional Iron-Working in Central Africa with some Reference to the Ritualistic and Scientific Aspects of the Industry, Zambezia vol.07 no.2 1979 pp.155-170
G. Pwiti, Trade and Economies in Southern Africa : The Archaeological Evidence, Zambezia vol.18 no.2 1991 pp.119-130

Specific Topics : environmental history
T.C. Stehle, The Occurrence of Indigenous Forests in South Africa : Historical and Current, n.d.
Specific Topics : history of religion
T.O. Ranger et al., The Historical Study of African Religion, Berkeley UP 1972 [G]

Specific Topics : cultural history
Distribution of African Languages, map from Muturzikin
Languages of Africa, from Ethnologue; click on country
Heilbrunn Timeline of African History : Eastern and Southern Africa 500-1000, 1000-1400, 1400-1600, Southern Africa 1600-1800, 1800-1900, 1900 to present
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thematic Essays : African Rock Art of the Southern Zone, Art of the San People in Nomansland, Apollo 11 and Wonderwerk Cave Stones, Lydenburg Heads, Mapungubwe, San Ethnography

Specific Topics : Geographic/Ethnographic Compendia, East Africa coverage
Leo Africanus [c.1492-c.1550], The history and description of Africa vol.1 1896, IA; Mohenemugi, Monomotapa, Caffraria, Mutama pp.60-70; vol.II 1896, IA; (Maghreb)
A. du Bois, La Geographie moderne, naturelle historique & politique, vol.4 : Afrique etc., 1736, GB; ch.IX Le Caffrerie pp.767-772, ch.XI Le Monomotape pp.775-778; ch.XII Monoemugi pp.778-780
Thomas Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744-1746 edition vol.3 Caffraria pp.9-37
T.G. Smollett, The Present State of all Nations, vol.8 1769, GB; Monoemugi pp.112-114, Monomotapa pp.114-115, Caffraria pp.115-116, Mataman pp.116-117, Country of the Hottentots pp.117-136, Terra de Natal pp.136-137, Terra de Fumos pp.137-138
W. Guthrie, A new system of modern geography : or, A geographical, historical, and commercial grammar ; and present state of the several nations of the world ... vol.2 1794, IA; Country of the Hottentots pp.191-195, Caffraria pp.196-199
T.F. Ehrmann, Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, vol.8, Afrika, 1810, GB
C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, vol.3, 1827, GB; Cape etc. pp.53-68, Caffraria and Mozambique pp.68-83
H. Murray et al., An Encyclopaedia of Geography 1834, GB; Southern Africa pp.1233-1252
E. Reclus, Universal Geography, The Earth and its Inhabitants [1876-1894], vol.13 South and East Africa n.d., IA
World Geography Encyclopedia, vol.1 : Africa, 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 910.3 P238w v.1

Specific Topics : history of by country
A.J. Wills, An Introduction to the History of Central Africa, London : Oxford UP (1964) 1967 [G] Central Africa = Rhodesia
T.H. Henriksen, Mozambique, A History, London : Rex Collings 1978 [G]
J. Noble, Descriptive Handbook of the Cape Colony: Its Condition and Resources 1875 IA
H.C.V. Leibbrandt, Rambles through the archives of the colony of the Cape of Good Hope, 1688-1700, 1887, IA
S.W. Silver & Co., Handbook to South Africa: Including the Cape Colony, Natal, the Diamond Fields, the Transvaal, Orange Free State etc., 1880, IA
A. Wilmot et al., History of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope: From Its Discovery to the Year 1819 1869, IA
H. Cloete, The history of the great Boer trek and the origin of the South African republics 1899, IA
A.H. Keane, The Boer states; land and people 1900, IA
D. Randall-MacIver, Mediaeval Rhodesia, 1906, IA
H. Hensman, A History of Rhodesia 1900, IA
Naval Intelligence Division, A manual of Portuguese East Africa 1920, IA
Nubia Sheba Kingdoms, Khoisan History
H.H. Johnston, British Central Africa 1898, IA
A. Werner, The Natives of British Central Africa 1906, IA
A Brief Guide to Northern Rhodesia 1960, IA
Zambia - Independence Achieved 1964, IA


Since Independence, c.1960- : Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Colonial History : Cape Colony
Pre-Colonial History : Mutapa Kingdom

KMLA History Program Papers on Southern African History

Kim, Hong, The Boer War as Portrayed in Punch 1898-1900 (2008)

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