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First posted on March 23rd 2002; last revised on January 8th 2011

The marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 was to create the dynastic union of Castile and Aragon. The crowns of Castile and Aragon permanently were united by their grandson, Carlos I. (= Emperor Charles V., 1516-1556). Granada had been annexed by Castile Upper Navarra in 1512. Carlos I.' son Philip II. in 1561 moved his court from Toledo to Madrid, thus establishing it as the capital of Spain.
To the outside, Spain appeared as a nation and power. However, the various regions constituing Spain (Castile, Aragon) and even regions within these, the Basque provinces, Catalonia, Valencia etc., maintained their own institutions and privileges.
The Spanish kings of the Habsburg Dynasty (1516-1700) when ruling Spain, mainly relied on the support of Castile. Succession conflicts (War of Spanish Succession 1701-1714, Carlist Wars in the 19th century) as well as the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 made apparent the conflicting regional interests; most notably Catalonia and the Basque Provinces usually opposed the side in control of (most of) Castile. As Catalonia and the Basque Provinces were on the losing side, their privileges were cancelled, and thus Spain turned into a unitary state.
Since the 16th century, Spain forbade the import of books. While this measure enabled church and state to suppress the Reformation, by 1800 the country economically was backward. Having lost most of its (hitherto vast) colonial empire in 1826, during the Industrialization Spain lagged behind other European nations. Among the reasons were the unbroken power of the Catholic Church, a wealthy elite owning most of the land, in the 19th century dysfunctional democracy and corruption. Serious attempts of reform were made during the Interbellum; when the Popular Front in 1936 formed a government, plans to restrict the power of the church and to implement a land reform caused the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) which was followed by the Franco Dictatorship (1939-1975). Immediately after Franco's death, Spain reintroduced the (constitutional) monarchy, transformed into a model democracy with minority rights, implemented decentralization, joined NATO and EU.

Spain since 1975 . Spain 1959-1975 . Spain 1949-1959 . Spain 1945-1949 . Spain 1939-1945 . Spain 1936-1939 . Spain 1931-1936 . Spain 1923-1931 . Spain 1918-1923 . Spain 1914-1918 . Spain 1898-1914 . Spain 1849-1898 . Spain 1833-1849 . Spain 1814-1833 . Spain 1808-1814 . Spain 1789-1808 . Spain 1759-1788 . Spain 1714-1759 . Spain 1700-1714 . Spain 1659-1700 . Spain 1598-1659 . Spain 1556-1598 . Spain 1516-1556

Church Reform, Reformation

see Castile, Aragon, Navarra, Leon, Granada

Historical Encyclopedia Entries : Spain 1809-1902
Historical Atlas : Spain Page
Wars of Spain

Students' Papers : Shim, Soho, The Influence of China on the Development of Early Global Trade, and the Role of Silver (2013)
Student's Paper : Yoon, Seong Heon, From Castile and Aragon to Spain, An Economic History of the Iberian Peninsula in the 15th and 16th Century (2011)
Student's Paper : Cho, Naan, Comparative Culinary History : Italy and Spain (2011)
Student's Paper : Choi, June Young, History of Rice Cultivation in Europe (2008)
Student's Paper : Choi, Won Ho, History Shapes Men, Men Shape History : Francisco Franco, Jun 2008
Student's Paper : Cho, Namje, The War of Spanish Succession, 1701-1714, Nov. 2007
Student's Paper : Kim, Shin, History of the Spanish Falange, 1933-1939, April 2007
Student's Paper : Oh, Jinseok, Spain and World War I, 1914-1918, April 2007

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from Index Mundi; from Eurodata; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Spain
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Spain
historical H.D. Inglis, Spain in 1830, vol.1, 1831, vol.2, 1831, GB
L. Nonius, Hispania sive populorum, urbium, insularum ac fluminum .., 1609, in Latin, GB
T.M. Hughes, Revelations in Spain 1845, vol.1, vol.2, 1845, IA
S.T. Wallis, Spain: her institutions, politics, and public men, 1853, IA
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Library of Iberian Resources Online title catalogue, rich source
List of Spain-Related Topics, from Wikipedia
Virtual Library Spain
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Labour History, from Virtual Library Women's History, from Virtual Library Economic and Business History, from Straatvaart (on Hispano-Dutch History)
Resources on European History : Spain and Portugal, from Carnegie Mellon Univ., numerous links
European History Primary Sources : Spain, from Virtual Library History
Organizations Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies (ASPHS)
Sociedad Espanola de Historia de la Arquelogia
Sociedad Espanola de Historia Agraria
Association des Professeurs d'Histoire et Geographie, Spain, from Euroclio
CSIC, Instituto de Historia
Asociacion Espanola de Historia Economica (AEHE)
Comision Espanola de Historia de las Relationes Internacionales (CEHRI)
Real Academia de la Historia (RAH)
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines Timeline of Spanish history until 1899, from 1900, from timelines.ws; from BBC News (since 1936)
Timeline Spain's Siglo del Oro 1467-1700, by N. Boalch, Univ. of Durham
Accounts of History general, modern Article History of Spain, from Wikipedia
Survey of Spanish History, from SiSpain
general, historic Jean de Ferreras, Histoire generale d'Espagne vol.1, 1751, vol.2, 1751, vol.3, 1751, vol.5, 1751, vol.6, 1751, vol.7, 1751, vol.8, 1751, vol.9, 1751, vol.10, 1751, in French, GB
M.M. Busk, The history of Spain and Portugal from B.C. 1000 to A.D. 1814, 1833, GB
M. Callcott, A short history of Spain, vol.1, 1835, vol.2, 1835, GB
A. Beaumont, The history of Spain from the earliest authentic accounts to the present times, 1809, GB
Specific Periods
. . . 20th Century
H. Rüdiger, The revolutionary movement in Spain, 1934, IA
F.E. Manuel, The Politics of Modern Spain, 1938, IA
A. Souchy, Spain : July 19, 1936 - July 19, 1937, 1937, IA
Article : Second Spanish Republic, from Wikipedia
Article : Spanish Civil War, from Wikipedia
Article : Francoist Spain, from Wikipedia
Article : Spanish Transition to Democracy, from Wikipedia
Article : History of Spain (1975 to Present), from Wikipedia
Article : The 2008-2012 Spanish Financial Crisis, from Wikipedia
. . . 19th Century W. Walton, Spain ! : or, Who is the lawful successor to the throne ? 1834, GB
F.F.G. Vaudoncourt, Letters on the internal political state of Spain: during the years 1821, 22 & 23, 3rd edition 1825, GB
W. Walton, The revolutions of Spain, from 1808 to the end of 1836 vol.1, 1837, vol.2, 1837, GB
E. Blaquiere, An historical review of the Spanish revolution, 1822, GB
G. Pecchio, Journal of military and political events in Spain during the last twelve months , 1824, GB
J.L.M. Curry, Constitutional government in Spain, 1889, IA
H.B. Clarke, Modern Spain 1815-1898, 1906, IA
M.A.Sh. Hume, Modern Spain 1788-1898, 1900, IA
E.W. Latimer, Spain in the nineteenth century, 1897, IA
Article : History of Spain (1814-1873), from Wikipedia
Article : First Spanish Republic, from Wikipedia
Article : Spain under the Restoration, from Wikipedia
. . . 1516-1808 R. Watson, The history of the reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain, 1818, GB
R. Watson, The history of the reign of Philip the Third, king of Spain, 1818, GB
W. Coxe, Memoirs of the kings of Spain of the House of Bourbon : from the accession of Philip V. to the death of Charles III., 1700-1788, vol.1, 1815, vol.2, 1815, vol.3, 1815, vol.4, 1815, vol.5, 1815, 2nd ed., GB
J.C. Dunlop, Memoirs of Spain during the reigns of Philip IV. and Charles II. from 1621 to 1700, vol.1 1834, vol.2, 1834, GB
J.S. Elliott, Imperial Spain 1469-1716, 1963, IA
R.Tr. Davies, The Golden Century Of Spain 1501-1621, 1961, IA
M.A.Sh. Hume, Spain: Its Greatness and Decay (1479-1788), 1905, IA
M.A.Sh. Hume, The court of Philip IV. Spain in decadence, 1907, IA
Article : Enlightenment in Spain, from Wikipedia
. . . until 15th Century J. Shakespear, The history of the Mahometan empire in Spain, 1816, GB
Th. Bourke, A concise history of the Moors in Spain: from their invasion of that kingdom to their final expulsion from it 1811, GB
W.H. Prescott, History of the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic, of Spain, vol.1, 1868, vol.2, 1868, vol.3, 1838, GB
Ch.R. Haines, Christianity and Islam in Spain (756-1031), IA
J.A. Conde, History of the dominion of the Arabs in Spain, vol.2, 1909, vol.3, 1854, IA
Ch.J.A. Hereford, The history of Spain: from the establishment of the colony of Gades by the Phoenicians to the death of Ferdinand, surnamed the Sage vol.1, 1793, vol.2, 1793, vol.3, 1793, GB
Politics links Political Resources on the Web : Spain; Governments on the WWW : Spain
Category : Politics of Spain, from Wikipedia; Categoria : Politica de Espana, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
general Article : Politics of Spain, from Wikipedia; Article : Politica de Espana, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Institutions Article : Cortes Generales, from Wikipedia; Article : Cortes Generales, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Parties, Movements Category : Political Parties in Spain, from Wikipedia; Categoria : Partidos politicos de Espana, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Foreign Relations Category : Category : Foreign relations of Spain, from Wikipedia; Categoria : Relaciones internacionales de Espana, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
H. Southern, Earl of Clarendon, Sequel of The policy of England towards Spain, 1837, GB
W. Wordsworth, Concerning the relations of Great Britain, Spain, and Portugal, to each other, and to the common enemy, 1809, GB
A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, Section III : Espagne, pp.326-517, 1839, in French, GB
Colonial Policy A.Fl. Estrada, An impartial examination of the dispute between Spain and her American colonies, 1812, GB
B. Moses, Spain's Declining Power in South America, 1730-1806, 1919, IA
Military click here
Article Military History of Spain, from Wikipedia
Ph.H. Stanhope, History of the War of the Succession in Spain, 1836, GB
J.Th. Jones, Account of the war in Spain, Portugal, and the south of France: from 1808 to 1814 inclusive, vol.1, 1821, vol.2, 1821, GB
M. de Rocca, Memoirs of the war of the French in Spain, 1816, GB
J.C. Moore, A narrative of the campaign of the British Army in Spain, 1809, GB
J. Sarrazin, History of the war in Spain and Portugal, from 1807 to 1814, 1815 (GB)
War Office Intelligence Division, The armed strength of Spain, 1883, IA
O.C.D. Ross, Spain and the war with Morocco, 1860, IA
Economy & Finances general Article Economy of Spain, from Wikipedia; Category Economy of Spain, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Spain 2007
Economic History The Economic History of Spain, by Thayer Watkins
M.A. Irigoin and R. Grafe, Bargaining for Absolutism : A Spanish Path to Nation State and Empire Building (2006)
David Ringrose, Madrid and the Spanish Economy 1560-1850, detailed scholarly study, 13 chapters
Leandro Padros de la Escosura, Assessing Economic Progress in Spain 1850-2000, IEHC 2006
G.C.E. Higgin, Commercial and industrial Spain, 1886, IA
B. Moses, The economic condition of Spain in the sixteenth century , 1894, IA
Article : Economic History of Spain, from Wikipedia
Article : Bourbon Reforms, from Wikipedia
Article : The 2008-2012 Spanish Financial Crisis, from Wikipedia
Institutions Article Bolsa de Madrid : History, from Wikipedia
Battilossi / Houpt, Risk, Return and Volume in an Emerging Stock Market : The Bilbao Stock Exchange, 1916-1936, IEHC 2006
Currency & Finances Celia Lozano Lopez de Medrano, An Approach to the Public Financing of Industrial Vocational Education in Spain, 1857-1935, IEHC 2006
Julie Marfany, Proto-Industrialization, Property Rights and the Land Market in Catalonia, 18th and 19th Centuries, IEHC 2006
Alberto Marcos Martin, Before the Liberal Desamortizaciones. The Sale of Baldios in 16th Century Castile, IEHC 2006
Llorenç Ferrer Alos, Mechanisms for the Creation and Reproduction of a Land Ownership Structure in Central Catalonia (C14-C19), IEHC 2006
Berasain & de la Torre, Land Market and Credit in the Transition to Capitalism. Navarra, 18th and 19th Centuries, IEHC 2006
Fernando Ramos, An Empirical Analysis of Gambling Consumption : National Lottery in Spain, 1850-2000, IEHC 2006
Carlos Nogal, The Sale of Lottery in Spain : Organization and Incentives (1763-2000), IEHC 2006
Natalia Mora Sitja, Labour and Wages in Pre-Industrial Catalonia (2002)
Natalia Mora Sitja, Exploring Changes in Earrings : Inequality during Industrialisation, Barcelona 1856-1905 (2006)
Puig, Alvaro, Castro. European Challenges and Opportunities. The Role of Europe in the Internationalization of Spanish Firms, IEHC 2006
Baizan / Camps, The Impact of Women's Educational and Economic Resources on Fertility. Spanish Birth Cohorts 1901-1950, IEHC 2006
Alberte Martinez Lopez, Foreign Capital and Busines Strategies : A Comparative Analysis of Urban Transport in Madrid and Barcelona, IEHC 2006
Gomez-Mendoza, Antonio. and Elena San-Roman. Competition between Private and Public Enterprise in Spain, 1939-1959: An Alternative View. Business and Economic History 26, no. 2 (Winter 1997): 696-708.
Spain pp.93- in : B. Cohen, Compendium of finance: containing an account of the origin, progress, and present state of the public debt, revenue, and expenditure, national banks and currencies of France, Russia, Prussia, The Netherlands, Austria, Naples, Spain, Portugal, Denmark, Norway, Hanover and other German States, U.S. of America, Buenos Ayres, Columbia and Chili ... also an historical sketch of the National Debt of the British Empire, 1822, GB
B. de Ulloa, Retablissement des manufactures et du commerce d'Espagne, 1753, in French, GB
U.S. Division of Foreign Markets, Spain's Foreign Trade 1898, IA
J. Ng, Foreign Borrowing in 16th Century Spain (Genoese banks)
Mining & Energy, Metal Industry Spain's Almaden Mine : 2000 Years of Solitude, by E.O. Girones and C.D. Viejobueno; Mercury Mining in Spain, from Iberia Nature
History of Swords from Toledo, anonymous
Miguel Angel Saez Garcia, The Survival of the Family Firm in the Spanish Iron and Steel Industry. The Case of San Pdro de Araya Mill (1857-1935), IEHC 2006
Gomez-Mendoza, Antonio. The Cost of Francoist Economic Policies to a British Firm: Rio Tinto Company, 1939-1954. Business and Economic History, 2d ser., 21 (1992): 354-63.
W.C. Borlase, Tin-mining in Spain Past and Present, 1897, IA
Textile Industry Spanish Textile Workers 1650-2000, by Angel Smith et al.
Spain, from European Textile Network (historical sites)
Agriculture, Food Processing History, from Olive Farming, Olive Oil and Olives in Spain, from Iberia Nature; History, from Cheese from Spain; Spanish Breweries, Styles, History, Beers, from European Beer Guide
Pujol-Andreu, Nicolau-Nos, Hernandez, Milk, from Medicine to Food in Mediterranean Europe : Catalonia, 19th and 20th Centuries, IEHC 2006
Rosa Girost, The Social Dynamic of Agricultural Growth : The Example of Catalan Emphytheusis, IEHC 2006
Ricardo Robledo y Santiago Lopez, Stewards and Landlord Farmers at the End of the Ancien Regime in Spain, IEHC 2006
Gloria Sanz-Lafuente, Food Safety. Between the Law and Inspection Practices in the Local Social Framework (Aragon 1850-1923), IEHC 2006
Stimulants History, from Wines of Spain
Lina Galvez Munoz, Gender, Cigar and Cigarettes, Technological Change and National Patterns (Spanish Tobacco Industry), IEHC 2006
Galvez-Munoz, Lina. Governments, Consumers, Companies, and Tobacco Addiction: The Spanish Case (1890s to 1930s). Business and Economic History 28, no. 2 (Winter 1999): 39-48.
Individual Companies Company histories from Funding Universe : Puig Beauty and Fashion Group S.L., Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria S.A., Repsol S.A., Compania Espanola de Petroleos S.A. (Cepsa), Telefonica S.A.
Ethnography Languages of Spain (13), from Ethnologue; Minority Languages by State, from Euromosaic, for Spain files on Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, Berber, Catalan, Galician, Occitan, Portuguese
Article Languages of Spain, from Wikipedia; Category : Languages of Spain, from Wikipedia
Spain, from Minorities at Risk, files for the Basques, Catalans, Roma
Article Basque People, from Wikipedia
The Situation of Roma in Spain (2002), posted by Eumap
The Integration of Ethnic Minorities : Gypsies, Refugees and Immigrants, from SiSpain
World Culture Encyclopedia : Europe, click Andalusians, Balearics, Basques, Canarians, Castillans, Catalans, Galicians, Gitanos, Leonese, Pasiegos, Spaniards, Spanish Rom
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Spain
G.H. Borrow, The Zincali: an account of the gypsies of Spain, IA
Spain, pp.297-311 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Spain, pp.4713-4770 in vol.7A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Spain, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Spain, from Spain; Spain, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Category Religion in Spain, from Wikipedia
Franciscan Provinces with their Custodies and Convents, c.1350, from M. van der Heijden and B. Roest, click Santiago, Castile, Aragon
J.A. Llorente, The history of the inquisition of Spain, from the time of its establishment to the reign of Ferdinand VII., 1827, GB
Th. M'Crie, History of the progress and suppression of the reformation in Spain in the sixteenthy century 1829, GB
H.Ch. Lea, A History of the Inquisition of Spain vol.1 1906, vol.2, 1906, vol.3, 1906, vol.4, 1906, IA
J. Krauskopf, The Jews and Moors in Spain, 1887, IA
H.Ch. Lea, The Moriscos of Spain; their conversion and expulsion, 1901, IA
D. Fonseca, Iusta expulsion de los moriscos de Espa?: con la instruccion, apostasia y traycion dellos y respuesta ?las dudas que se ofrecieron acerca desta materia, 1612, in Spanish, Gb
History of Regions see History of Aragon, History of Navarra, History of Castile, Canary Islands at this site
History of the Balearic Islands, from Wikipedia
History of Andalucia, from Wikipedia, from Andalucia.com
History of Galicia (Spain), from Wikipedia
History of Asturias, from Wikipedia
History of Catalonia, from Wikipedia, from Generalitat de Catalunya
Historia contemporania de Catalunya (Contemporary History of Catalonia), from La Pagina de la Historia, in Catalan
Provinces of Spain, from www.statoids.com
Article Provinces of Spain, from Wikipedia
Shaping of a Nation : Catalan History and Historicity in Post-Franco Spain, by Yolaine Cultiaux
Local History History of Madrid, from Go Madrid, from Wikipedia
History of arcelona, from Wikipedia
History of Bilbao, from Bilbao Turismo
History of Valencia, from Wikipedia
History of Cordoba, from Wikipedia
History of Sevilla, from Spanish Town Guides
Institutions Transportation History of Flight : Spain, from Flight 100; Spain, from Airline History
History of Rail Transport in Spain, from Wikipedia
Broadcasting History of Broadcasting in Spain, from The Broadcast Archive
Academies, Education
Others Structurae : Spain; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Spain
Culture Music History of the Guitar in Spain, by Yolanda Rosas; History of Flamenco, from Classical Guitar Illustrated History
Literature History of the Spanish Language in Spain, from Babylon Idiomas
Spanish Literature, links to online postings from Wess Web; introduction of major authors, from Univ. of Virginia, Center for the Liberal Arts; Pathfinder : Spanish Literature, from Internet Public Library; Article : Spanish Literature, from Wikipedia
Architecture Castles of Spain (English language site); Rutas del Arte Romanico y Medieval, from arteguias.com, Spanish language image databank of Spanish medieval art and architecture
Painting Art in Spain : 13th to 17th Century, from Web Gallery of Art
Cuisine History of Spanish Vegetarian Societies, from IVU; Food History : Spain, from Clifford A. Wright
Sports Articles Football in Spain, Spain at the Olympics, Bullfighting : History, from Wikipedia; Cricket in Spain, from A Brief History of Cricket
Biographies Standard Works of Reference Centro Digital de Estudios Biograficos, Diccionario Biografico Espanol, posted by Real Academia de la Historia, in Spanish
Web Compilations, General List of Spaniards, from Wikipedia
Specialized Compilations Biographies of Spanish Saints, from Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon, in German
Biographies of Individuals G. Moore, Lives of Cardinal Alberoni, and the Duke of Ripperda, ministers of Philip V. King of Spain, vol.1, 1806, GB; 3rd ed. 1814, GB
Others Spain, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
History of Malaria in Spain, Tiger Mosquitoes and the History of Yellow Fever and Dengue in Spain, from Iberia Nature
History of the Hammam (Arab Bath), from Hammam Spain
Brief History of Spanish Masonry, from Gran Logia de Espana; Freemasonry Banned in Spain by General Franco, by Juan Carlos Alvarez
Disaster History by Country : Spain, from Relief Web; Category Disasters in Spain, from Wikipedia
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Daniel Kowalsky, Stalin and the Spanish Civil War, diss. Columbia UP n.d.
K. Haebler, The Early Printers of Spain and Portugal, 1896, IA

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Titles of European Rulers : Spain
List of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Spain, from Wikipedia (1567-); Liste der deutschen Botschafter in Madrid (Spanien), from Wikipedia German ed. (1908-)
Article : United States Ambassafor to Spain, from Wikipedia (1779-); List of Canadian Ambassadors to Spain, from MOFA Canada (1953-); Embajadores de Mexico en Espana, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Chinese Ambassadors to Spain, from PRC MOFA
List of Bishops Categoria : Anexos : Obispos de Espana; Anexo : Obispos de Barcelona, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Spain
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Spain, from Population Statistics, at Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Spain, from Johnston's Archive
Catastro del Marqu? de la Ensenada
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
The Marteau Early 18th-Century Currency Converter
Inflation Rates Historical Inflation Rates, from Index Mundi, since 2000
Global Rates : Inflatie Spanje, graph has data since 1956
Economic Data Global Price and Income History Group, Southwest Europe, has several files on Spain
ESFDB (European State Finance Database
Election Results Election Results, from Psephos (since 1996), from IFES Election Guide (since 2000)
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Spain, from Area Studies, at Keele
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes : Spain
Article : Boletin Oficial del Estado, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Boletin del Estado
Gaceta extraordinaria del Gobierno, 1820, in Spanish, GB
Biblioteca Digital de la Comunidad de Madrid : Gaceta de Madrid, 1707, 1757-1762, 1767
Gaceta de Madrid 1783 pt.1, 1784 pt.1, 1786 pt.2, 1787 pt.1, 1789 pt.1, 1793 pt.2, 1797 pt.1, 1798 pt.2, 1799 pt.2, 1800 pt.1, 1800 pt.2, 1802 pt.1, 1803 pt.1, 1803 pt.2, 1804 pt.2, 1805 pt.1, 1805 pt.2, 1806 pt.2, 1807 pt.2, in Spanish, GB
Gazeta Ministerial de Sevilla 1808, in Spanish, GB
Hemerotheques NATIONAL
Biblioteca Nacional de Espana, Hemeroteca Digital
Hemeroteca historica, on Fondo Antiguo de la Universidad de Sevilla
Hemeroteca Digital del foro hist?ico de las telecomunicaciones
Hemeroteca Gipuzcoa
Hemeroteca de La Vanguardia desde 1881
ABC.es Hemeroteca 1903-
EL MUNDO.es Hemeroteca
Spanish periodicals and newspapers : Women's Magazine Digital Collection, posted by University of Connecticut
Specific Newspapers Frente Popular (Popular Front newspaper) from July 27 to September 13, 1936, on Gipuzkoa 1936, d? a d?
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks
Spain Entries
Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Spain vol.1 1864 pp.435-456, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.431-454, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.439-462, GB, vol.4 1867 pp.430-454, GB, vol.5 1868 pp.430-454, GB, vol.6 1869 pp.430-454, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch vol.65 pp.242-255, 1827, vol.66 pp.284-297, 1835, vol.67 pp.299-314, 1839, in German, GB
Newsreels Noticiarios y Documentales (NO-DO) 1942-1981; see article from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Propaganda Films George C. Marshall Motion Pictures
Films on History/Society Spain Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); Filmoteca Espanola
Article : Cinema of Spain, from Wikipedia
Spain, from Cinema of the World; Spanish History Movies, from film.fm (this page lists films by language; many Spanish language movies are Latin American); Historical Movies by Country : Spain
Spanish Films 1897-1929, 1930s, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, from Wikipedia; Spain Film, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Grabados, from Fondo Antiguo de la Universidad de Sevilla
Biblioteca Municipal de Estudios Locales de La Coruna, has poster collection
Carteles de la guerra civil espa?la, (1936-1939), Civil War Poster Collection
Ch. Nelan, Cartoons of our war with Spain, 1898, IA
Museo Virtual de la Sanidad en Espana, image databank on medical history of Spain; includes images of politicians
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons : Spain
Universal Collections
Items on Spain
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports; scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Spain
Archival Deposits Congreso de los Diputados
Memoria Digital de Catalunya
Archivo Rojo, Civil War propaganda archive (1936-1939)
Centro Documental de la Memoria Historica (Francist period archives)
Biblioteca Virtual de Prensa Historica
Spain, from Shoah Foundation Institute, Visual Archive
Spain Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Archivo digital de la Autonomia obrera
National Archives, UK : British Foreign Legion in Spain, 1835
Nationaalarchief (NL) Inventaris van het archief van de Legatie in Spanje, (1783) 1793-1802; Inventaris van het archief van het Gezantschap in Spanje (Madrid), (1888) 1939-1954; Inventaris van het Nederlandse Gezantschap in Spanje, 1814-1930 (1935)
Constitutions, Laws Legislacion Historica de Espana
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Spain, from ILO, 128 docs. since 1919
Spagna, from Archivio delle Costituzioni Storiche
Spanish constitution of 1978, posted by Universidad de Extremadura (in Spanish)
Internet Law Library : Spain
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Spanish-American Diplomacy 1795-1953, from Avalon Project
Bilateral Treaties with Spain, from Australian Treaty series, 24 docs. 1875-2000
The treaty of peace between the crowns of France & Spain 1659, 1660, GB
Tractat wegen des spanischen Commercii gemacht zwischen die K?nigl. Mayt. in Spanien und die Erbb. Hanse Städten (1607) 1658, in German, GB
Spanien, pp.235-238 in Johann Vesque von P?tlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Espagne, pp.73-80 in vol.1 of Table des traies entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, in French, GB
Document Surveys British Library, Social Sciences Collection Guides, Spanish Government Documents
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Spain
Documents on Spanish History from Eurodocs, merely a collection of links
Documents on the History of Andalucia, from Andalucia, Documentos y Narraciones, in Spanish
Base Documental d'Historia Contemporania de Catalunya (Documentary Base of Catalonian Contemporary History), in Spanish
(British Armed Forces) General Orders, Spain and Portugal, vol.2 : 1810, 1811, vol.3 : 1811, 1812, vol.4 : 1812, 1813, GB
Records of the Spanish Inquisition translated from the Original Documents, 1828, GB
R. Fanshaw, Original letters of His Excelleny Sir Richard Fanshaw : during his embassies in Spain and Portugal, 1702, GB
Correspondence Relating to the War with Spain, 1898-1902, 1902, IA
Coleccion de documentos ineditos para la historia de Espana vol.1, 1842, vol.2, 1843, vol.3, 1843, vol.4, 1844, vol.5, 1844, vol.6, 1845, vol.7, 1845, vol.8, 1846, vol.9, 1846, vol.10, 1847, vol.11, Continuacion del Proceso de Fray Luis de Leon, 1847, vol.12, 1848, vol.13, 1848, vol.14, 1849, vol.15, 1849, vol.16, 1850, vol.17, 1850, vol.18, 1851, vol.19, 1851, vol.20, Continuacion de la vida literaria del cancilier mayor de Castilla D. Pedro Lopez de Ayala, 1852, vol.21, Memoria sobre las tentativas hechas y premios ofricedos en Espana al que resolviere el problema de la longitud enm la mar, 1852, vol.22, Clave de la Espana Sagrada (1747), 1853, vol.23, 1853, vol.24, 1854, vol.25, 1854, vol.26, 1855, vol.27, Continuacion de los documentos relativos al Principe D. Carlos, eijo de Felipe II., 1855, vol.28, 1856, vol.29, 1856, vol.30, 1857, vol.31, Documentos Relativos D. Sancho d'Avila, General de Felipe II, 1857, vol.34, Continuacion del Correspondencia del Duque de Alba con Felipe II, 1859, vol.35, 1859, vol.36, 1860, vol.37, 1860, vol.38, 1861, vol.39, 1861, vol.40, 1862, vol.41, 1862, vol.42, 1863, vol.43, Cont. de los Documentos Relativos al Archiduque Alberto de Austria, 1863, vol.44, 1864, vol.45, 1864, vol.46, 1865, vol.47, 1865, vol.48, 1866, vol.49, 1866, vol.50, 1867, vol.51, Conclusion de las Cartas de Felipe II, 1867, vol.52, 1868, vol.53, 1869, vol.54, Correspondencia de Don Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba con el Conde de Nassau, Conde de Tilly .., 1869, in Spanish, GB
Coleccion de documentos ineditos, pertenecientes a la historia politica de nuestra revolucion , 1811, in Spanish, GB
Bullarium ordinis militaris de Alcantara, 1759, in Latin, GB
Letters of Philip II, King of Spain, 1592-1597
Espanoles deportados a los campos nazis (1940-1945)
Individual Documents Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 6. France, Italy, Spain, etc., no. 30-31; 33-36
H. Walpole, The grand question, whether war, or no war, with Spain, impartially considered, 1739, GB
The report of the Commissioners Sent into Spain: pursuant to an address of the House of Commons to her Late Majesty Queen Anne relating to Gibraltar, 1728, GB
Papers relative to the rupture with Spain,: laid before both Houses of Parliament, 1762, GB
Manifest van het huys van Oostenryk, In het welke Desselfs recht op de Monarchie van Spanien klaarlijk vertoond en beweerd word, 1701, in Dutch, GB
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO : National Map Agencies : Portugal : Instituto Geografico Portugues, Lisboa
collections WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Spain page
Atlas of Spain, from Wikimedia Commons
Discus Media : The 1900 Collection, Maps from Yesteryear, Spain
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Spain
Spain Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Spain, Maps of the History of Spain, PCL, UTexas
Atlas de Historia de Espana
Proyecto Clio, Atlas Ubieto
Spain, hindsight Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Maps : Europe in the Year 900, 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, from Euratlas
Europe 1792, 1796, 1799, 1805, 1808, 1812, 1814, 1815, 1913, 1921, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1989, 1998, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Iberian Peninsula 1591, 1787, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Spain, contemporary Spain 1922, 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight Biscay 1876, Bilbao 1890, Couto Misto until 1864, Olivenza, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
detail, contemporary City Panoramas 19th Century, from Historic Maps, Madrid 1800
City Panoramas 1750, from Historic Maps, Barcelona, Sevilla
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Spain, Regions or Provinces : Alava, Albacete, Alicante, Andalusia (Andalucia), Aragon, Asturias, Avila, Badajoz, Balearic Islands, Barcelona, Basque Provinces, Biscay (Vizcaya), Burgos, Caceres, Cadiz, Canary Islands, Castellon de la Plana, Castile, Catalonia, Ciudad Real, Cordova (Cordoba), Corunna (La Coruna), Cuenca, Estremadura, Galicia, Granada, Guadalajara, Huelva, Huesca, Jaen, Leon, Logrono, Lugo, Madrid, Malaga, Murcia, Navarre (Navarra), Orense, Oviedo, Pontevedra, Salamanca, Santander, Saragossa (Zaragoza), Segovia, Seville (Sevilla), Soria, Tarragona, Teruel, Toledo, Valencia, Valladolid, Zamora, Cities : Alicante, Badajoz, Barcelona, Bilbao, Burgos, Cadiz, Ceuta, Cordova (Cordoba), Granada, Madrid, Malaga, Melilla, Murcia, Oviedo, Pamplona, Salamanca, Santiago de Compostela, Saragossa (Zaragoza), Seville (Sevilla), Toledo, Valencia, Valladolid, from EB 1911
Articles Spanien, Regions : Andalusien, Aragonien, Balearen, Basken, Estremadura, Kanarische Inseln, Kastilien, Katalonien, Navarra, Cities : Barcelona, Bilbao, Cordova (Cordoba), Granada, Madrid, Toledo, Valencia, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article Spain, Balearic Isles, The Canary Islands, Castile and Aragon, Catalonia, Navarre, Diocese of Astorga, Diocese of Avila, Diocese of Badajoz, Diocese of Barcelona, Archdiocese of Burgos, Diocese of Cadiz, Ciudad Real, Compostela (Santiago de la Compostela), Diocese of Cordova (Cordoba), Coria, Diocese of Gerona, Archdiocese of Granada, Diocese of Huesca, Diocese of Leon, Diocese of Lerida, Diocese of Lugo, Madrid-Alcala, Diocese of Majorca and Iviza (Mallorca and Ibiza), Diocese of Malaga, Diocese of Minorca (Menorca), Diocese of Orense, Diocese of Osma, Diocese of Palencia, Diocese of Pamplona, Diocese of Plasencia, Diocese of Santander, Diocese of Saragossa (Zaragoza), Diocese of Segovia, Archdiocese of Seville (Sevilla), Diocese of Solsona, Archdiocese of Tarragona, Archdiocese of Toledo, Diocese of Tortosa, Diocese of Tuy, Diocese of Urgel, Archdiocese of Valencia, Archdiocese of Valladolid, Diocese of Vich, Diocese of Vitoria, Rusaddir (Melilla), from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Articles Spain, Andalusia (Andalucia), Aragon, Balearic Isles, Basque Provinces, Catalonia, Galicia, Leon, Navarre, Barcelona, Granada, Madrid, Malaga, Palencia, Pamplona, Saragossa (Zaragoza), Seville (Sevilla), Tarragona, Toledo, Valencia, Valladolid, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Economic J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao oder Bilboa, Cadix, Madrit, Majorca, Malaga, Sevilla, Valencia, posted by DTBSWS
Of the Trade to Spain, pp.597-606 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva, 1773, GB
Spain, pp.388-395 in P. Kelly, The universal cambist, and commercial instructor, 1811, GB
Spain, pp.246-250, Barcelona pp.22-25, in : W. Dickinson, Universal commerce, or, The commerce of all the mercantile cities and towns, 1818, GB
Spain, pp.513-560 in C.W. Rödansz, European commerce; or, Complete mercantile guide to the continent of Europe, 1818, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Alicante, Aragon, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cadix oder Cadiz, Galicien, Madrid, Majorca oder Mallorca, Malaga, Minorca, Navarra, San Sebastian, Santander, Sevilla, Spanien, Valenzia, posted by DTBSWS
Spanien, pp.465-468 in A. Moser, Die Capitalanlage in Werthpapieren der Staaten, Creditvereine und Actiengesellschaften des In- und Auslandes, 1862, in German, GB
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Spain (and Minorca) pp.118-124
Ethnographical Royaume d'Espagne, pp.157-167 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Political Spanien, pp.16-106 in F.L. Bressler, Die Heutigen Christlichen Souverainen von Europa, 1698, in German, GB
Le Ceremonial de la Cour d'Espagne, pp.237-374 in vol.2 of J.R. de Missy, Le Ceremonial diplomatique des cours de l' Europe, 1739, in French, GB
Gouvernement de l'Espagne, pp.82-106 in vol.2 of G. de Real de Curbon, La science du gouvernement, 1762, in French, GB
Geographical Die Königreiche Spanien und Portugal, pp.11-42 in F. von Rudtorffer, Militär-Geographie von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
Spain and Portugal, pp.78-96 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Spain pp.291-304 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
Spain, pp.237-244 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Spanish Region, pp.58-102 in Th. Lavallee, Physical, historical and military geography, 1868, GB
Spain, pp.175-180 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Historical De Regno Hispaniae, pp.249-270 in J.C. Becmann, Historia Orbis Terrarum Geographica 1673, in Latin, GB
Louis Ellies Du Pin, L' Histoire Profane Depuis son commencement jusqu'la present vol.5 : 1000-1700, pp.47-48 : Histoire d'Espagne depuis la fin du dixieme siecle jusqu'au commencement du douzieme pp.95-97 : Histoire du Roiaume d'Espagne, pp.124-126 : Histoire du Roiaume d'Espagne depuis la fin du treizieme siecle jusqu'au commencement du quatorzieme, pp.163-167 : Histoire des Roiaumes d'Espagne pendant le quatorzieme siecle, pp.184-185 : Histoire des Roiaumes d'Espagne jusques vers l'an 1450, pp.204-205 : Histoire des Roiaumes d;Espagne jusqu'a l'avenement de Charles Quint a la couronne d'Espagne, pp.246-252 : Histoire des Roiaumes d'Espagne sous les regnes de Charles Quint & de Philippe II, 1717, in French, GB
Chapter II : Spain, pp.2-70 in : Samuel von Pufendorf, An introduction to the history of the principal kingdoms and states of Europe, 1719, GB
The Present State of Spain, pp.669-773 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Spanien, pp.1-100 in vol.1 of the 1st edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1793, in German, GB
Spanien pp.1-110 in vol.1 of the 2nd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Spanien pp.1-121 in vol.1 of the 3rd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1823, in German, GB
Histoire d'Espagne, depuis 1621 jusqu'en 1714, pp.29-171 [on 1621-1714] in vol.31 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
Specialist Encyclopedias Article : Spanische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates Congreso de los Diputados
Diario de las discusiones y actas de las Cortes, vol.1, 1811, vol.2, 1811, vol.3, 1811, vol.4, 1811, vol.5, 1811, vol.6, 1811, vol.7, 1811, vol.8, 1811, vol.9, 1811, vol.10, 1811, vol.11, 1812, vol.12, 1812, vol.13, 1812, vol.14, 1812, vol.15, 1812, vol.16, 1812, vol.18, 1813, vol.19, 1813, vol.20, 1813, vol.21, 1813, vol.22, 1813, vol.23, 1813, 1820-1821 vol.1, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.3, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.4, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.7, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.8, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.9, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.10, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.11, 1820, 1820-1821 vol.12, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.13, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.16, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.18, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.20, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.21, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.22, 1821, 1820-1821 vol.23, 1821, Legislatura Extraordinaria, vol.2, 1822, vol.5, 1822, in Spanish, GB
Diario de las sesiones de Cortes: Congreso de los diputados, 1823, 1858, 1834-1835, Estamento de ilustres proceres, 1865, 1835-1836 (vol.1), 1869, 1835-1836 (vol.2), 1869, 1863-1864 vol.1, 1864, 1863-1864 vol.2, 1864, 1863-1864 vol.3, 1864, 1863-1864 vol.4, 1864, in Spanish, GB
Discusion de las Cortes sobre la tutela de la S. M. la Reina dona Isabel II, 1842, 1842, in Spanish, GB
Tour Guides, Travelogues J. Townsend, A journey through Spain in the years 1786 and 1787, with particular attention to agriculture, manufactures, commerce, population, taxes and revenue of that country, vol.1 1790, vol.2, 1791, vol.3, 1791, GB
H. Swinburne, Travels through Spain, in the years 1775 and 1776, vol.1, vol.2, GB
G.D. Whittingdon, Travels through Spain and part of Portugal: with commercial, statistical and geographical details, 1808, GB
J. Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Spain, 1855, 1882, IA
K. Baedeker, Spain and Portugal: Handbook for Travellers, 1898 1901, 1913, IA
Exhibition Catalogues W. Hamm, Illustrirter Katalog der Pariser Industrie-Ausstellung von 1867, 1868, GB; 2 Spain entries
Institutions Archives Lists of Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Spain, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 136 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Spain, 404 entries
Categoria : Archivos de Espana, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Archives PARES, Portal des Archivos Espanoles
Archivo Historico Nacional
Spanish Film Archive
Foreign Ministry Archives Services of the European Union Member States : Spain, from Consilium Europa
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Spain, from Wikipedia
Museums Spanish Museums
Categoria : Museos de Espana por localidad, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Museo Nacional del Prado
Article : Museo Historico Militar de Sevilla
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Spain, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Spain), Tentative Lists : Spain
Windmills in Spain, from Windmill World
Libraries Libraries in Spain, from LibDex
History of the Spanish National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Spain, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Spanish coins, from Casa de Moneda, brief; Spain and its Coins from NNCS, overview all periods; Collection of Coins : Spain, 19th, 20th century; bilingual Russian and English page
Spain Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Stamps of Spain, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Spain 1853-1929, Spain Civil War Issues, Spain Queen Isabella Pt.1, 1850-1855, Spain Queen Isabella Pt.2, 1860-1867, Spain War Stamps, Barcelona, Carlists from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Spain survey of bibliographies Las bibliograf?s de Historia de Espa? del CINDOC (CSIC)
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.621-645 in R. Kern, Historical Dictionary of Modern Spain, 1700-1988, Westport CT : Greenwood 1990 [G]
pp.371-435 in Angel Smith, Historical Dictionary of Spain, Scarecrow 1996, 320 pp.; KMLA Library R 946 S642h
Yale University Library, A Select Bibliography of Spanish History
R. Ballester, Bibliografia de la Historia de Espana, 1921, UToronto Library
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliografias de Historia de Espana (BIHES), (1) El franquismo, (2) El camino de Santiago, (3) Las mujeres en la Historia de Espana, (4) Los nacionalismos, (5) Historia contemporanea de Andalucia, (6) Las relaciones Iglesia-Estado (ss.xv-xx), (7) La Guerra Civil Espa?la. (1936-39) 2 vols. (vol.1 libros) (vol.2 revistas) (8) La crisis del 98
Lynn Nelson, Medieval Spain (ORB)
G. Shields, World Bibliographical Series 193 : Madrid, Oxford : Clio 1996 [G]
serial publications CSIC Instituto de Historia, Produccion Cientifica search engine
Asociacion Espanola de Historia Economica, Publicaciones
Real Academia de la Historia, Publicaciones
general bibliographies
Spain entries
Ch.13 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Portugallicarum et Hispanicarum, pp.273-297 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
on Spain Biblioteca Digital Hispanica
Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
Biblioteca Saavedra Fajardo de pensiamento politico hispanico
Biblioteca Digital Vasco; Biblioteca Digital de la Biblioteca Foral de Bizkaia
Biblioteca Navarra Digital
Biblioteca Leonesa Digital
Biblioteca Digital de la Region de Murcia
Fondo Antiguo de la Universidad de Sevilla
Biblioteca Historica, from Universidad Complutense Madrid
Thesis Server TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online)
Online Journals Links Sistema de Informacion Cientifica REDALYC. Red de Revistas Cientificas de America Latina y el Caribe, Espana y Portugal
Revistes Catalanes amb Acces Obert (RACO)
Arxiu de rivistes catalanes antigues
full text online Bulletin hispanique 1899-2008, Persee
Hispania. Revista Espanola de Historia 2001-2011
Hispania Sacra 2001-2011
Hispania Antiqua 1971-2002
Cahiers d'Etudes Hispaniques Medievales 1976-2009, Persee
Revistas Cientificas Complutenses En la Espana Medieval 1980-2008
Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies Bulletin of Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies 1969-
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia 2000-2008
Ausa 1952-2009 (Catalan)
Barroco 2007-
Cahiers de Civilisation Espagnole Contemporaine, 2007-
Catalan Historical Review 2008-
E-spania, 2006-
Hispania Sacra, 2006-
Historia Actual Online, 2003-
Revista Historia i Contemporanea 2003-
Anales de Historia Contemporanea 1982-2009
Historia Contemporanea 1988-
Ebre 38: revista internacional de la Guerra Civil, 1936-1939 2003-2011
Revista de Historia Industrial, RACO 1992-
Revista de Historia Militar 1957-
Table of Contents
Historiography Article : Basque Historiography, by Ignacio Olabarri, pp.76-77, Article : Catalan Historiography, by Ignacio Olabarri, pp.145-146, in vol.1, Article : Spanish Historiography, by Ignacio Olabarri, pp.857-859, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Peter Pierson, The History of Spain, Greenwood, 1999, 248 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946 P624t
Encyclopædia Britannica, Macropædia, article Spain, Vol.28 pp.1-63; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862n v.28
Peace Handbooks issued by the Hitorical Section of the Foreign Office : Vol.34, Spain since 1815, 1920, 50 p. [G]
Economic, Social History Joseph Harrison, The Spanish Economy : From the Civil War to the European Community, Cambridge UP 1996; KMLA Lib.Sign. 330.946 H318s
Gary Wray McDonogh, Good Families of Barcelona, Princeton : UP 1986 [G]
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Spanien, vol.1 1830 pp.269-296, vol.4 1844 pp.64-90, posted by DTBSWS
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Spanien
Adrian Shubert, A Social History of Modern Spain, London : Longman Pearson (1992) 1996, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 306.0946 S562s
Jane S. Gerber, The Jews of Spain, The History of the Sephardic Experience, NY : Free Press 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946 G362j
Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands, A History and Source Book, Philadelphia : Jewish Publication Society of America 1979, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.04 S857j
A. Katie Harris, From Muslim to Christian Granada. Inventing a City's Past in Early Modern Spain, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins UP 2007, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.8204 H313f
James Simpson, Spanish Agriculture, the Long Siesta 1765-1965, Cambridge : UP 1995 [G]
Specific Periods Francisco J. Romero Salvado, Twentieth Century Spain, Politics and Society in Spain 1898-1998, NY : St. Martin's, 1999, 219 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.08 S182t
Patrick Williams, Philip II., Palgrave 2001, 302 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.043 W721p
David Ringrose, Spain, Europe and the "Spanish Miracle" 1700-1900, Cambridge : UP (1996) 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. 330.946 R582s
J.H. Elliott, The Revolt of the Catalans. A Study in the Decline of Spain 1598-1640, Cambridge : UP (1963) 1984, KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.7 E46r
Gerald Brenan, The Spanish Labyrinth. The social and political background of the Spanish Civil War, Cambridge : UP (1943) 2001 [G]
Paul Preston, The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939, Chicago : Dorsey 1986 [G]
Hugh Kennedy, Muslim Spain and Portugal, A Political History of al-Andalus, Harlow : Pearson 1996, 342 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.02 K35m
Spain, pp.127-138, in : Derek H. Aldcroft, Europe's Third World. The European Periphery in the Interwar Years. Leicester : UP 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.09724 A357e
Ian Patterson, Guernica and Total War, Harvard : UP 2007, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.081 P317g
Joseph E. O'Callaghan, A History of Medieval Spain, Ithaca : Cornell UP 1975, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.02 015h
W. Montgomery Watt and Pierre Cacha, A History of Islamic Spain, New Brunswick : Aldine (1965) 2007, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.022 W344h
David Nicolle, El Cid and the Reconquista 1050-1492, Oxford : Osprey 1988, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.02 N645e
David M. Gitlitz and Linda Kay Davidson, The Pilgrimage Road to Santiago, NY : St. Martin's Press 2000 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.1 G536p
Jan Glete, War and State in Early Modern Europe. Spain, the Dutch Republic and Sweden as Fiscal-Military States, 1500-1600, London : Routledge 2002, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 355.0094 G558w
J.H. Elliott, Imperial Spain 1469-1716, London : Penguin (1963) 2002, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 946.04 E461
J. Regla, Spain and her Empire, ch.15 / pp.369-383 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.V : The Ascendancy of France 1648-1688, Cambridge UP 1964 [G]
R.D. Hussey, The Spanish Empire under Foreign Pressures, 1688-1715, ch.11 / pp.343-380 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.VI : The Rise of Great Britain and Russia 1688-1725, Cambridge UP 1970 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Angel Smith, Historical Dictionary of Spain, Scarecrow 1996, 320 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 946 S642h
Robert W. Kern, Historical Dictionary of Modern Spain 1700-1988, NY : Greenwood 1990 [G]
Articles Canary Islands pp.102-104, Catalonia pp.111-114, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]

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