Guinea 1958-1984
Era Sekou Toure
History of West Africa

Guinea after Sekou Toure, since 1984

When long-time president Sekou Toure died, Guinee Conakry was among the poorest countries in Africa; her agricultural production, the output of her mines had dropped significantly compared to the figures at the time of independence. Because of its socialist policy, the country was regarded with suspicion, by potential investors and financial institutions alike.
A week after the death of Sekou Toure, the Military Committee of National Recovery (CMRN) took power in a coup d'etat. Immediately, the constitution adopted by the PDG in 1982 was suspended, the PDG and its affiliates were dissolved. In 1986 a currency reform was implemented, in 1987 the legal groundwork was set to promote foreign investment, in 1992 an office was created to promote foreign investment. The Bauxite and diamond mining industries recovered; in 1994 Guinee Conakry was the world's second largest producer of Bauxite. The construction of hydroelectric dams was begun - electricity being the prerequisite for the establishment of Aluminum production.
In 1990 a new constitution was adopted, in 1993 a first multiparty election held. All elections since 1993 were won by President Conte's PUP (Party of Unity and Progress).
Civil wars in the neighbouring countries of Sierra Leone and Liberia resulted in a massive influx of refugees, over 700,000 since 1990. In 2000-2002, RUF rebels operating from Sierra Leone and Liberia, caused havoc in the border region.

Timeline, from BBC News
Global History of Currencies, click : Guinea Bissau
Historical Population Statistics : Guinea Bissau, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
History of Guinea, from Countries Quest, from Lonely Planet
A Short History of Guinea, from Election World
Guinee Conakry, from Francophonie, in French
Background Notes : Guinea, from U.S. Dept. of State
Republic of Guinea : Aredor, from Trivalence
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Guinea Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article : Guinea, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.466, 693, 1986 pp.461, 690, 1987 pp.429, 659, 1988 pp.390-391, 611, 1989 pp.390, 612, 1990 pp.407, 627, 1991 pp.386, 612, 1992 pp.358, 611, 1993 pp.362, 619, 1994 pp.360, 620, 1995 pp.414-415, 620, 1996 pp.413, 620, 1997 pp.426, 618, 2002 pp.433, 622 [G]
Article : Guinea, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.568-570, 1985-1986 pp.569-572, 1986-1987 pp.573-575, 1987-1988 pp.579-581, 1988-1989 pp.581-583, 1989-1990 pp.586-588, 1990-1991 pp.586-588, 1991-1992 pp.585-587, 1992-1993 pp.658-660, 1993-1994 pp.663-665, 1994-1995 pp.654-657, 1995-1996 pp.652-655, 1996-1997 pp.595-598, 1997-1998 pp.604-607, 1998-1999 pp.654-657, 2000 pp.756-759, 2001 pp.734-737, 2002 pp.764-768, 2003 pp.766-770, 2004 pp.769-773, 2005 pp.769-773, 2006 pp.765-769 [G]
Entry : Background Notes - Guinea pp.157-162, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Guinea, Cabinet, p.44; Background Notes : Guinea, pp.634-639, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Guinea, pp.524-527 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on April 13th 2007

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