History of West Africa Liberia
1847-1880





Liberia as U.S. Protectorate, 1821-1847



In previous centuries, Liberia was known as the 'PEPPER COAST'.
In 1821 the AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY was granted Cape Mesurado by local chiefs of the De. The colony of LIBERIA was founded, and in 1822 the fiorst freed American slaves of African origin were settled here. The colony was expanded, capital MONROVIA (named after U.S. president Monroe) founded, more ex-slaves brought here for settlement. The person mainly responsible for the colony and it's settlement program was JEHUDI ASHMUN.
Independence was declared in 1847, and in the years 1848-1856 recognized by the leading international powers.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Liberia, history of, from Infoplease
Liberia History Timeline, from American Colonization Society Collection, detailed
African Alphabets, by Saki Mafundikwa, the Vai, Mende, Loma, Kpelle syllabaries, the Bassa Vah and Gola alphabets (Liberia)
DOCUMENTS Flag of 1827, from FOTW
Illustration of the Cape Palmas Mission, 1834, from African-American Mosaic
Roll of Emigrants to Liberia and 1843 Liberia Census, from DPLS Archive at Univ. of Wisconsin
Maps of Liberia 1830-1870, from American Colonization Society Collection; maps of 1845, 1830es featuring territories ceded by native chiefs, of 1869, detailed
4th Annual Report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States : with an appendix, from American Colonization Society Collection, 1821, on the foundation of a colony in Liberia
10th annual report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States : with an appendix, from American Colonization Society Collection, 1827, on the progress of the colony in Liberia
REFERENCE H.R.Lynch, Sierra Leone and Liberia in the Nineteenth Century, pp.327-340 in : JF. Ade Ajayi and Ian Espie (ed.), West African History, Ibadan UP (1965) 1967 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 24th 2002, last revised on March 31st 2005

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