1939-1961 History of West Africa




Sierra Leone independent, since 1961



Independence was proclaimed in 1961, MILTON MARGAI became the country's first prime minister (the country remained a member of the British Commonwealth, Queen Elizabeth thus being head of state), The years 1967-1968 saw 3 coups d'etat, after another one in 1971, the REPUBLIC was declared. In 1973/1978 a ONE-PARTY-STATE was introduced. In 1991, steps were undertaken to introduce multiparty democracy. However, further coups (1992, 1996, 1997) thwarted the process of democratization. Meanwhile, rebel factions had taken up armed struggle (since 1991). In 1997, the rebellion slowly escalated into full civil war, with international peacekeepers (ECOWAS) attempting to restore peace. The rebels control some of the country's diamond mining, and finance their actions with the sales of diamonds on the black market - UNO has proclaimed a diamond boycott of African, civil war-torn diamond producing countries, a boycott which is inefficient.



EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Sierra Leone, from Infoplease
DOCUMENTS Flag, from FOTW
Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Time Trail Sierra Leone, series of historical articles from Time Magazine posted on the web by Time Magazine, 8 articles 1942-
Estimates of Death Toll in Sierra Leone Civil War (1991-), posted by Matthew White, scroll down for Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone Archive, from Africa Online, archive of recent articles
REFERENCE Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962 p.618 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.725 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 p.746 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 p.735 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 p.682 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 p.681 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 p.690 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.673-674 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 pp.681-682 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 p.663 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.622-623 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 p.610 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 pp.610-611 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 p.614 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 pp.611-612 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 p.613 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 pp.627-628 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 pp.618-619 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 pp.616-617 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1981 p.616 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1982 p.617 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1983 p.612 (on events of 1982) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1984 p.614 (on events of 1983) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.473, 776 (on events of 1984) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1986 pp.467, 775 (on events of 1985) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1988 pp.396, 695 (on events of 1987) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1989 pp.396, 695 (on events of 1988) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1990 pp.413, 711 (on events of 1989) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.369, 711 (on events in 1992) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1994 pp.367, 710 (on events in 1993) [G]
Article Sierra Leone, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1995 pp.467, 710 (on events in 1994) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.440-445 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.469-473 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.1046-1050 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.1050-1054 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1983-1984 pp.1052-1056 (data of 1982-1983) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1984-1985 pp.1049-1053 (data of 1983-1984) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.1050-1054 (data of 1984-1985) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1987-1988 pp.1055-1059 (data of 1986-1987) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1988-1989 pp.1059-1063 (data of 1987-1988) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1989-1990 pp.1070-1074 (data of 1988-1989) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.1071-1074 (data of 1989-1990) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1991-1992 pp.1072-1076 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.1160-1163 (data of 1991-1992) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.1158-1161 (data of 1992-1993) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1994-1995 pp.1161-1164 (data of 1993-1994) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 pp.1153-1156 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1129-1132 (data of 1995-1996) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.1131-1134 (data of 1996-1997) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1998-1999 pp.1234-1237 (data of 1997-1998) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2000 pp.1381-1385 (data of 1998-1999) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2001 pp.1345-1349 (data of 1999-2000) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2002 pp.1400-1404 (data of 2000-2001) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2003 pp.1399-1403 (data of 2001-2002) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2004 pp.1420-1424 (data of 2002-2003) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Statesman's Yearbook 2005 pp.1430-1434 (data of 2003-2004) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.93-94 [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.93-94 [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.92-93 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Sierra Leone, pp.599-601, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Sierra Leone, Cabinet, p.88; in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.671-672 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1963 p.595 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1964 pp.589-590 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1965 p.624 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1967 p.603 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1968 pp.594-595 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1969 pp.598-599 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1970 p.606 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1971 pp.595-596 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1972 pp.589-590 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Sierra Leone, in : Americana Annual 1973 pp.73, 592-593 (on events of 1972) [G]
Entry : Sierra Leone, pp.892-895 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Entry : Sierra Leone, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.324-328 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on October 20th 2006

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