The Straits (Bosphorus, Dardanelles) in British Foreign Policy 1827-1947

Korean Minjok Leadership Academy

Table of Contents

December 17th 2008
November 26th 2008
November 12th 2008
September 7th 2008
June 16th 2008

December 17th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) If you put titles into a working bibliography, you seriously consider using them. So I admire your confidence, as the majority of titles is in French, some are in German.
(2) It seems the larger part of your bibliography is copy and paste. In the process some information got garbled. for instance the headline MAPS ILLUSTRATING TREATY OF DEBLIN.. Treaty of Berlin 1878.
(3) Books you ordered at an earlier point of time are not even mentioned.
(4) for Anderson, give the URL (Internet Archive).
(5) search the Internet Archive for other publications.
(6) do not limit yourself to publications printed before 1920.
(7) General Comment : You took on the topic a year ago; you signed up to project study class a semester ago. You knew my minimal expectations; you now try to meet these minimal standards at the very last moment, with a quick fix attitude.
Having observed you for three years, you are a smart student with potential, who unfortunately has developed the wrong habits. You suffer from the widespread delusion that the "value" of a student is expressed in scores; you have tried to take on too many tasks simultaneously, you have compartmentalized your schedule - that day you study this, that day that, to the point that you at times hardly found the time to sleep, and at times, due to the lack of time, had to do a sloppy job when writing a paper, remember the Words of the Wise, and now this.
I told you long ago that you should have reduced your activities - take less tests, concentrate more on the subjects you take.
You say you want to write more - fine. I will comment on your writing. But I will give you an honest comment, as I do now. I want you to seriously analyze. Ask your own questions, try answer them; do not merely parrot what you read somewhere.

December 17th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) A one page chapter.
(2) However, during the 18th and 19th century, Greek nationalism rose, along with spreading philhellenism in many European countries. Moreover, Ottoman Empire's power was declining, being considered as "sick men of Europe". All these factors led into the Greek War of Independence.
Trying to explain a complex issue in 3 sentences. (a) you have the cart pulling the horse. Philhellenism was a phenomenon IN REACTION TO the Greek Rebellion, NOT CAUSING IT. Yes, Greek nationalism is a cause of the rebellion; the decline of Ottoman power over the centuries is too generalized, needs to be looked at in a much differentiated way.
(3) Alexander Ypsilantis was elected as the head of the Filiki Eteria, in 1920. 1820.
(4) On 8 March 1821, the revolution broke out; Ypsilantis proclaimed all the Greeks and Christians to rise up against the Ottomans
So the revolution was an accident, like a fire ? The rebellion was begun. Also you can not proclaim someone else to rise up against the Ottomans. Third, you say the Greeks were not christians. Greeks and other Christians.
(5) The main cause for the participation of three Great Powers in the Greek War of Independence was Russia's ambitions of expansion in Black Sea region.
???? The main cause was Philhellenism in Britain, France, Russia and the rest of Europe. Russia may also have eyed at gaining territory on the Caucasus front; Britain may have regarded Greece as a future satellite state. Britain may have begun worrying about Russian expansion, a Russian threat at the Ottoman hold of the Straits.
(6) This would lead into the worst scenario for Britain; Russia establishing hegemony over Balkans and Ottoman Empire, successfully expanding to South, obtaining ice-free Port and growing in power..
Do not use a sentence you heard/read somewhere without switching on your brain. All ports on the Black Sea are ice-free tear round. Russia permanently held ports on the Black Sea since the 1730es. The British concern about a Russian year-long ice free port was on the Pacific. And you may argue, the ice free port was more of a British nightmare than of a Russian concern. On the Atlantic Russia controlled the Murmansk area - the coast is ice-free year-long - since time immemorial. Russia did not bother to construct a port there until World War I.
(7) General Observation I. While you begin to write about Russo-British relations, policies and perceptions, you did not mention the Straits at all. Analysis does not mean the combination of a number of analyses someone else came up with. You have to arrive at your own judgment.
(8) General Observation II. This page reads like a quickshot paper which you only began writing after you got your early application rejected, as a quick0fix.

November 26th 2008

Check out : F.M. Anderson, A.S. Hershey, Handbook for the Diplomatic History of Europe, Asia, and Africa, 1870-1914 (1918), posted on Internet Archive
has lots of chapters relevant to your paper

November 12th 2008

Search Internet Archive for keywords dardanelles, bosphorus, straits. All books listed there are online
G.R. Fortescue, Russia, the Balkans and the Dardanelles (1915), The Dardanelles, their Story and their Significance in the Great War (1915), seem interesting to me

November 7th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

Sloppy. The timetable implies that you only partially understand what you are doing.
(1) A timetable is supposed to be organized in chronological order. You list an entry 1828-1829 after an entry 1839-1876, an entry 1919-1923 after entries of 1922-1923 and 1923
(2) Take out date concerning British Ministers of Foreign Affairs; make a separate list of those.
(3) Crimean War began in 1853
(4) Many events are listed as affecting only one of the three countries, but in fact effect two or all three of them : Treaty of Adrianople : Ottoman Empire, Russia; Treaty of Constantinople : Greece, Ottioman Empire; Crimean War - Ottoman Empire, Russia, Russo-Ottoman War - why in Greece column ? Ottoman Empire, Russia; Bulgarian Independence - why in Greece column ? Ottoman Empire; Graeco-Ottoman War : Greece, Ottoman Empire; Cretan Crisis : Greece, Ottoman Empire; IMRO Crisis : why Greece ? Ottoman Empire; Balkan Crisis : Greece, Ottoman Empire; First Balkan War : Greece, Ottoman Empire; Second Balkan War : Greece, Ottoman Empire; Treaty of Sevres : Greece, Ottoman Empire; Conference of Lausanne : Greece, Ottoman Empire; Turkish War of Independence : Greece, Rep. of Turkey; Montreux Convention - Why Greece ? Rep. of Turkey
(4) Headline Ottomaqn Empire => Ottoman Empire / Republic of Turkey
Imagine you study a natural science and conduct lab experiments. If you are that sloppy with the treatment of your data, the result is useless.
If you want to research history, you need to be clear about the terms you use.
(5) Events missing : Greek acquisition of Thessaly 1881; Bulgarian annexation of Eastern Rumelia 1885; Western Thrace 1919-1920
Obviously we can not finish this project. Until the end of the semester I expect : Fix the timeline, post a bibliography, a working table of contents and one chapter of your choice. And it took two months just to get here; we have less than that to go.
(6) go to, scroll down for document collections; I added links to publications by the Forign office; the same here

September 7th 2008

Check website of UK National Archive
Search Documents Online for Ottoman Empire, Dardanelles, Greece, Bosphorus ..
Check (UK Nat'l Archive) Online Library Catalogue for Ottoman Empire, Dardanelles, Greece, Bosphorus ..

Search RHS Bibliography for Ottoman Empire, Dardanelles, Greece, Bosphorus ..

June 9th 2008 . . . go to Student's Log

(1) There were more countries involved : Greece (British satellite state), Bulgaria (temporarily Russian satellite state), Serbia (temporarily Russian satellite state), Egypt
(2) The Otrtoman-Egyptian Conflict 1832-1840, the Russo-Turkish War 1877-1878 and the Berlin Congress 1878, The Crisis of 1878 (Bulgaria annexing Eastern Rumelia, threatening to take Western Thrace; The First and Second Balkan War (Serbia threatening to take Albania) not mentioned.
(3) Separation of World War I and Interbellum unclear; Treatuy of Sevres, strictly by year, would fit into the Interbellum.