A Survey of Fascism. The Year Book of the International Centre of Fascist Studies, 1928

Korean Minjok Leadership Academy

Table of Contents
September 23rd 2009
March 4th 2009
November 9th 2008
October 21st 2008
October 21st 2008
October 21st 2008
September 21st 2008

September 23rd 2009 . click here to go to JJW's paper

(1) chapters number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8. You don't like the number 6 ?
(2) H. de Vries de Hekelingen
(3) bibliography : Yearbook entries - which articles (with page numbers)
(4) 14 billion Lire.
(5) chapter 4 provides a narrative history of Italian Fascism until 1928. One could give a more analytical account : constitutional (democracy excluding certain groups until 1918, inclusive democracy, democracy tolerant of Fascist violations of the constitution, democracy with Fascist leadership in government, Fascist one-party state); economical; social. Chapter 4 and the following chapters at the present stage do not really fit. The narrative is too detailed; you rather may refer to accounts available elsewhere for such detail and try write on an analytical level, or add such an analytical account.
An alternative - reorganize Chapter 4 by the criteria with which you open chapter 5 : values, transition to power, successes
(6) There are three primary reasons as to why Italian Fascism was seen as a relative success by Cinef: 1) values promoted, 2) relatively peaceful transition, 3) huge empirical success in Italy as seen in the economic development and political stability attained since Mussolini's rule in 1922.
Yes. And you should focus more on pointing out these values and this success in chapter 4.
(7) You may want to add a chapter on Fascism as of 1928, what it was not yet.
(8) few secondary sources on Italian Fascism

March 4th 2009 . click here to go to JJW's paper

An ambitious outline. Given the fact that it is already March, you need to establish a schedule for yourself, and stick to it.
In regard to the persons and countries you want to focus on - Italy (can not be avoided), Britain and Ireland (you feel comfortable with the language). While this excludes many of the writers of the yearbook and members of Cinef, given the circumstances under which you work, understandable.
The Situation in 1928 :
In my office I have series of yearbooks updating encyclopedias. the issues of 1928/1929 (as long as they do not go beyond the New York Stock Market Crash) probably form a decent source base for that chapter.
Looking forward to observing the progress of your project

November 9th 2008

Check here : http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edouard_Rolin_Jaequemyns

October 31st 2008 . click here to go to JJW's paper

In this section we should try work on a completion of the biographic data. Ex ministers - from when to when; which country. Which political party did they belong to. Everybody : what publications.
You might try check if the ICFS or its executive board members were listed in newspapers such as the Times of London and the New York Times
Jules Renkin : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jules_Renkin
Giovanni Gentile : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Gentile

October 31st 2008 . clich here to go to JJW's paper

I assume all persons listed without a position in ICFS were members of the executive council; you did not specify.

October 31st 2008 . clich here to go to JJW's paper


September 21st 2008

Preliminaries : Read a summaric account of the history of Italy from 1918 to 1945, emphasis on 1922-1928. Either in Christopher Duggan, A Concise History of Italy, Cambridge Concise Histories, Cambridge : UP 1994 (library), or in Britannica Macropaedia, Article Italy (library), or use my website http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/italy/xitaly.html.

Understand : the events from 1933-1935 to 1945, in the eyes of world opinion, once and for all discredited Fascism. History books often are written from a hindsight perspective; we know were the development lead and we judge it by the results. However, political observers in the 1920es at best could roughly sense what would come; they did not have the benefit ofhindsight.
The book you are to examine was published in 1928, one year before the Wall Street Crash would launch the Great Depression, four years before Hitler would become German chancellor, terminate democracy in Germany and implement policies preparing for World War II. All these events you will have to disregard.

In order to complement the "Survey of Fascism" with information not 'tainted' by hindsight, you shall use the Encyclopedia yearbooks in my office, entries on Italy, on Fascism (if they have such for the years you examine). You also can look into the entries for Germany, France, Ireland as the Survey has articles dealing with Fascism in these countries.

How to proceed in the organization and composition of your paper :
(1) Post the Table of Contents of the Yearbook.
(2) Establish a Working List of References. In this list separate Primary Sources (not 'tainted' by hindsight and Secondary Sources.

The Survey seems to have gone unnoticed in 1928. But it does provide an opportunity for us, to examine the definition of the term as been used by a number of international scholars at this particular point of time. As Fascism only came into existence in 1919-1922, only was government policy in Italy since 1922, international opinion was still in flux. So you can establish the perception of Fascism as underlying the survey.

(3) Establish a Working Table of Contents; chapters corresponding to the questions you want to answer.

The survey consists of a number of articles; it makes sense to research about the respective authors, and to take them on one by one; how critical are they ? What areas of policy do these articles examine, what areas emained untouched ?