Intellectual Anti-Semitism


Korean Minjok Leadership Academy
PYS



Table of Contents


December 19th 2008
November 27th 2008
November 13th 2008
November 10th 2008
September 23rd 2008
September 3rd 2008



November 13th 2008 . . Go to PYS' Log

reads okay.
The next steps, it seems to me : create article lists on Wagner etc.; create a reference list of material other than the listed newspaper articles.



November 27th 2008

Consider rephrasing your title into : Intellectual Antisemitism 1850-1933 as Reflected in the Contemporary Press
Your body language gives away that you are frustrated not to find any articles when using the names of some prominent Anti-Semitic scholars. If the press ignores the existence of these scholars, that is a piece of information you can, and should use, as well. So you most likely will find that the Anti-Semitic stand of a few celebrity intellectuals - Lueger, Wagner among them - made headlines, while the vast majority of Anti-Semitic scholars was largely ignored.
There is no reason for feeling depressed; with a concept as formulated in the above title, you can not lose.



November 13th 2008 . . Go to PYS' Log

Check the following dates : September 201th 1895, October 301st 1895 , November 3 th 1895, December 101st 1896, December 1 th 1897 , November 101st 1899, February 201st 1902 , February 201st 1902 , October 301st 1902 , October 101st 1903 , October 201st 1904 May 101st 1913 I hope my list is complete.
Several times, same day, two articles with the same title : double check 1907 Nov 21st, February 201st 1902, October 4th 1897
Perhaps you use the Wikipedia article on Dr. Lueger, the yearbooks, the book on the history of Vienna in our library to compile a brief list of the most important dates in the life of Karl Lueger. It may help selecting articles, and help you later write a chapter on him.
The articles titled Dr. Lueger / Burgomaster of Vienna / Municipal Scandal in Vienna / Anti-Semitism in Vienna / Anti Semitism in Austria are essential. I would also go for Anti-Semitism in Austria, for Austrian Politics, Elections in Austria, Reichsrath, for Lueger's Anti-Italian Speech, for the two France articles, the Vatican article. In case of the France and Vatican articles i wonder why the search engine threw them out when you looked for Lueger; if these articles really contain references to him, he must have had influence on the political landscape there.
Unfortunately many titles do not reveal details - Austria / Austria-Hungary / Latest Intelligence.
Hong Kong sent a paper on how to access online newspapers. I will post it next; check that one, maybe you can save money that way.



November 10th 2008

Just got a book for you : Richard E. Gate, A Historical Survey of Anti-Semitism, Grand Rapids : Baker Book House 1981



September 23rd 2008

Times of London online, all issues since 1785 http://archive.timesonline.co.uk/tol/archive/ annual fee for access L 74,95 - reasonable.
I tried keywords Social Darwinism 1785-1913 = 57 articles, Arthur Gobineau 1850-1880 1 article, Anti-Semitism 1785-1913 388 articles.
These numbers are managable. You may try examine racism as dealt with in the two leading newspapers of the English-speaking world, NYT and The Times.



September 3rd 2008

Anti-Semitic Philosophers : Arthur de Gobineau (F), Houston Chamberlain (GB)
To be examined : Friedrich Nietsche (D)
Intellectuals who were Anti-Semitic, but did not contribute to shaping intellectual Anti-Semitism : Richard Wagner
List not complete.
Intellectuals who were not Anti-Semitic but provided those who were with a basis of argumentation : Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud (?)

This is a sensitive and complex topic. Perhaps part of your task will be to come up with a definition / definitions of Anti-Semitism(s) - (a) Anti-Semitism as a (cultivated) sentiment, (b) Anti-Semitism as a 'lightning rod' to blame scapegoats for the misery liberal capitalism brought on society in the 19th century, (c) Anti-Semitism as the result of a secular philosophy based on the 'law of nature', (d) Anti-Semitism as the phlosophy / program of a political organization, (e) Anti-Semitism as a way to make a career ...

Perhaps such a study also requires a look at the situation of persons of Jewish descent in 19th and early 20th century Europe.
In 1935 Germany enacted the 'Race Laws', defining who is a Jew, and who is not, in the process. When you read the various Anti-Semitic writers, you should observe what definition the individual writer applies.

One can examine (a) the writing of author X, (b) the impact his writing had (book reviews, who quotes him .., are there organizations who quote him as providing them with an outline of what they believe in ...; was he criticized in his time ?).

When Czar Alexander III. caused the pogroms in Russia, the European response was - Russia was a backward country. Many Russian Jews settled down in cities such as Berlin, Vienna, Paris, London and at that time were accepted. The Dreyfus Affair took time to be uncovered and rectified, but it discredited Anti-Semitism in France, and was perceived by many to discredit it elsewhere as well.
I am puzzled why, in Europe's Academia, nobody stood up to categorically refute the Anti-Semitic nonsense the likes of Gobineau, Chamberlain and their supporters propagate; why Wagner received this excessive adoration and nobody outed him as the racist he was.

As this is a complex and vast topic, you need to find your own way as you go along. In order to manage this in a reasonable matter of time I would suggest, as a start - go for (English language contemporary) reviews of Gobineau, Chamberlain, of Wagner's operas, of Nietsche etc.
As you go along, create a Working Reference List.

Check out this website http://sicsa.huji.ac.il/