Palestine Jordan
First posted on January 8th 2004, last revised on December 17th 2005






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SYRIA OTTOMAN 1517-1798

External Online Maps : Ottoman Empire 1481-1623 (Shepherd 1923), posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Palestine under Turkish Rule, 1517-1917, from Jewish Virtual Library
External Online Maps : Europe in 1600, 1700, 1800, from euratlas
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire under Mustafa II., 1695-1703, Ottoman Empire under Ahmed III., 1703-1730, from Ottoman Website; Ottoman Empire under Mustafa III., 1757-1774, from Ottoman Website; Ottoman Empire under Selim III., 1789-1807, from Ottoman Website (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire, 16th, 17th century (Roolvink), posted by UPenn
External Online Maps : Damascus 1675, Aleppo 1703 (Maundrell), from Historic Cities
External Online Maps : Aleppo, old sketch, from Mappe di Citta ed altre mappe antiche diverse
External Online Map : Egypy and Syria (1798), from PCL, UTexas (Cambridge Modern History Atlas 1912)
External Online Mao : Syria 1781 (Bonne), posted by Old Maps Books
SYRIA OTTOMAN 1798-1832

External Online Maps : Europe in 1800, from euratlas
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire under Selim III., 1789-1807, from Ottoman Website (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
SYRIA EGYPTIAN 1832-1840

External Online Map : The Middle East in the 19th Century (scan : Roolvink), posted by UPenn, Islamic Studies
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire 1683-1923 from W. Shepherd's Historical Atlas, 1923, posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire under Mahmud II., 1808-1839, from Ottoman Website; (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
SYRIA OTTOMAN 1840-1918

External Online Maps : Europe in 1900, from euratlas
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire, 1878, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Map : The Ottoman Empire under Abdulaziz , 1861-1876, from Ottoman Website (a Turkish site, dubious borders)
External Online Map : The Middle East in the 19th Century (scan : Roolvink), posted by UPenn, Islamic Studies
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire 1683-1923 from W. Shepherd's Historical Atlas, 1923, posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Damascus 1912 (Baedeker), from PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Aleppo 1912 (Baedeker) from PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Türkisches Reich 1890 (Ottoman Empire 1890), from Meyers Konversationslexikon, in German
External Online Map : Turkey in Asia (Milner 1850), posted by maproom.org
External Online Map : Asia Mnor, Iraq (Stieler 1891), posted by maproom.org
External Online Map : Ottoman Empire in Asia since 1792 : Cambridge Modern History Atlas, 1912, posted by PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Syria (Tallis 1851), posted by Antique Maps and Prints; larger scan from SDUK Maps; by Rozhulse
External Online Map : Syria 1914, from Unimaps
External Online Map : Turkey in Asia 1872 (Migeon), posted by Antique Maps and Prints
External Online Map : Turkey in Asia (Tallis 1851), posted by Antique Maps and Prints
External Online Map : Turkey in Asia, Persia, Baluchistan (Mitchell 1875), posted by Pre 1900 Prints
External Online Map : Greater Syria Administrative, from Hydropolitics along the Jordan River (Aaron P. Wolf 1995)
External Online Map : Syria 1848 (Findlay), posted by Geographicus
External Online Map : Turkey in Asia 1853 (Cowperthwaite), posted by Vintage Maps


OTTOMAN SYRIA

As a state, Syria is a creation of Anglo-French diplomacy in the course of World War I. Syrians regard themselves as Arabs rather than Syrians, and until the establishment of Syria as a French protectorate, Syria was a geographical region stretching from Gaza in the south to Iskenderun (Alexandrette) in the north, from the Mediterranean to the Tigris River resp. the Arabian desert, characterized by a population of settled farmers and urban dwellers, an ethno-religious kaleidoscope in which the Arab speaking and Muslim elements dominated.
The maps further up refer to the geographical region of Syria just described. The maps further below refer to the genesis of the Republic of Syria; for other subregions of the larger geographical region of Syria see Jordan, Palestine resp. Israel, Lebanon.
SYRIA FRENCH 1919-1921

External Online Map : Mandates in Arabia in 1920, from World War I Document Archive
External Online Map : Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916, from Jewish Virtual Library
External Online Map : Near Eastern Front, 1914-1916, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Map : Near Eastern Front, 1917-1918, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Map : Dismemberment of Ottoman Empire 1920, from Atlas Historique, comment in French
External Online Maps : The Middle East 1906-1920, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age, by Joaquin de Saras Vara de Rey
External Online Maps : Middle East after 1916, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas
External Online Map : Sykes-Picot Agreement 1916, posted by Government 46, Dartmouth
External Online Map : Britain's Promise to the Arabs, 1915, posted by Government 46, Dartmouth
External Online Map : Syria & Lebanon 1918, from Unimaps, military campaigns
SYRIA 1921-1938

External Online Map : La Turquie et le Moyen Orient en 1925, from Atlas Historique, in French
External Online Map : Asia Minor, Syria & Mesopotamia, by J.G. Bartholomew 1922, from David Rumsey Map Collection
External Online Map : Syria, Lebanon 1923, from Unimaps
SYRIA 1939-1958

External Online Maps : Israel-Syrian Border 1949, from Palestine Facts
External Online Maps : Chief Railways in the Levant, 1941, from New Zealand Engineers, Middle East
SYRIA 1954 ADMINISTRATIVE

SYRIA IN THE UAR, 1958-1961

External Online Map :
SYRIA AFTER THE 6 DAYS WAR (1967)

External Online Map : Golan - Distances, Elevations pre 1967, from Isr. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
External Online Maps : Golan Heights under Israeli Occupation, Strategic Value of the Golan Heights, from Palestine Facts
External Online Map : Israeli-Syrian Golan Agreement 1974, posted by Government 46, Dartmouth
External Online Map : Battle of the Golan Heights, 1967, from Atlas Arab Israeli Wars, by US Military Academy
External Online Map : Golan Heights Campaign 1973, from Atlas Arab Israeli Wars, by US Military Academy
SYRIA AND THE LEBANESE CIVIL WAR

External Online Maps : Foreign Forces in Lebanon, 1992, posted by Government 46, Dartmouth
External Online Maps : Maps of the Golan Heights, from Web Golan
MODERN SYRIA

External Online Map : Syria, administrative divisions, from PCL, UTexas
External Online Map : Homs, from Syria Tourism
External Online Maps : Syria topographical, 1:100,000, posted by UC Berkeley, Soviet maps



DOCUMENTS CIA World Factbook, Syria
Syria Maps, from PCL, UTexas, scroll down for Syria
Maps of Syria, links from Embassy World
Map : Languages of Syria, from Ethnologue
Maps of Syria, from Relief Web
Maps of the Arab World, from arabji.com, scroll down for Syria
Syria Maps, from Arab Gateway
Historical Maps of the Levant, from Arab Gateway, links
Regional Maps of Syria, from Syrian Tours
Atlas Arab-Israeli Wars, posted by US Military Academy
Provinces of Syria, from statoids.com
International Boundary Studies, posted at Florida State Univ.; scroll down to No.94 (Jordan-Syria), study, no maps; scrol sown to No.100 (Iraq-Syria), study, no map; scroll down to No.163 (Syria-Turkey), study
Oddens Bookmarks : Syria
REFERENCE VEB Hermann Haack, Atlas zur Geschichte (Historical Atlas), Vol.1, Gotha/Leipzig 1973
Meridien Haritacilik, Tarih Atlasi, no date; 32-page Turkish language historical atlas (donated by Meltem Deniz)
F.W. Putzger, Historischer Atlas zur Welt- und Schweizer Geschichte, Aarau : Sauerländer (1954) 9th edition 1975
Gustav Fochler-Hauke (ed.), Fischer Weltalmanach 1980, Frankfurt 1979, p.819







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