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Gubernia Novgorod Finland
First posted on February 21st 2008, last revised on July 17th 2010

History and Administrative Division . Established in 1708 as Ingermanland Gubernia, in 1710 renamed Sankt Petersburg Gubernia. In 1727 Novgorod Gubernia split off. Bordered in the north on Finland, in the northeast on Olonets Gubernia, in the southeast on Novgorod Gubernia, in the south on Pskov Gubernia, in the west on Livland Gubernia (Livonia) and Reval Gubernia (Estonia).
Samkt Petersburg Gubernia was divided in 8 districts (Uyezds) : Gdov, Yamburg, Luga, Novaya Ladoga, Peterhof, S., Schlüsselburg und Tsarskoe Selo.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1811 was 600,000, in 1840 934,300, in 1867 1,160,000, in 1885 1,646,100, in 1914 3,197,800 (Lahmeyer). The vast majority was Russian Orthodox, further Old Believers, Armenians, Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Muslims.

Economy . In 1883, 44.8 % of the area was covered by forest, 21.5 % by swamps, 20.7 % was pastorage, 13 % was farmland. Main agricultural pruducts included grain, potatoes, flax. In 1885, 793 factories with a combined workforce of 77,471 industrial workers were counted. The leading industries included textile industry, distillery, machine production, tobacco factories, steel production, sugar refineries etc. (Meyer)

Historic Encyclopedias on Sankt Petersburg Gubernia, 1857-1915

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Country Profiles Current Article Sankt Petersburgskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Sankt Petersburg, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
H.F. von Storch, The Picture of Petersburg , 1801, GB
E. Jerrmann, St. Petersburg: its people; their character and institutions , 1855, GB
J.G. Köhl, Panorama of St. Petersburg, 1852, GB
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary Saint Petersburg Encyclopedia
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Sankt Petersburg Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
John Ross Jr., Tables of reductions: deals to Petersburg standard , 1860, GB
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Sankt Petersburg
Religion Article Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions Article Leningrad Oblast, from Wikipedia
Local History Articles Saint Petersburg, Ivangorod, Luga, Novaya Ladoga, Shlisselburg, Velikiye Luki, from Wikipedia
Saint Petersburg Guide
An Illustrated History of Saint Petersburg, Russia, from Saint Petersburg.com
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Leningrad Oblast, Kronstadt, Sankt Petersburg
Chr. Kreeft, First Russian railroad from St. Petersburg to Zarscoe-Selo and Pawlowsk, 1837, GB
Others Article Tsarskoye Selo, from Wikipedia
Tsarskoe Selo, from Alexander Palace

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Map : St. Petersburg Gubernia, from Wikimedia, in Russian
Maps : St. Petersburg Gubernia, City and Environs (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Map of Kronstadt Bay (Flemming, Kriegs-Handatlas 1854), posted by M. Witkam
Map Sankt Petersburg Gubernia 1849 ethnic, NW Russia 1851 ethnic, from Around St. Petersburg
Around Sankt Petersburg, has lots of historical maps
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Kronstadt, Schlusselburg, Tsarskoye Selo, from EB 1911
Articles Sankt Petersburg, Ingermanland, Gdow, Jamburg, Kronstadt, Luga, Nowaja Ladoga, Peterhof, Schlüsselburg, Zarskoje Selo, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article : Saint Petersburg, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Article : Saint Petersburg, from Catholic Encyclopedia c.1911
Economic Petersburg, pp.217-218 in D.St. Kelly, The shipmaster's assistant, and owner's manual, 1826, GB
Geographical Petersburg, in R. Brookes, The General Gozeiteer or compendious Geographical dictionary, 1791, GB
Das Gouvernement St. Petersburg, pp.289-349 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Petersburg pp.233-241, in The New Seaman's Guide and Coaster's Companion, 1809, GB
Petersburg, pp.20-25 in vol.5 of The Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, 1822, GB
Petersburg, pp.179-181 in The London General Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, 1825, GB
Petersburg, in : R. Brookes, The General Gazetteer : or, Compendious Geographical Dictionary, 1827, GB
Petersburg, pp.505-510 in vol.6 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, GB
Petersburg, in G. Landmann, A universal Gazetteer : or, Geographical Dictionary, 1836, GB
Petersburg, p.347 in vol.4 of G.N. Wright, A new and comprehensive gazetteer, 1837, GB
Das Gouvernement Sankt Petersburg, pp.154-215 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Petrograd p.32
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues L. Ritchie, A Journey to St. Petersburg and Moscow , 1836, GB
Anon., A visit to St. Petersburg, in the winter of 1829-30, 1838, GB
R.S. Bourke, Earl of Mayo, St. Petersburg and Moscow: a visit to the court of the Czar vol.2, 1846, GB
Residence Memoirs Ch.F.Ph. Masson, Secret memoirs of the court of Petersburg: particularly towards the end of the reign of Catherine II. and that of the commencement of that of Paul I., forming a description of the manners of St. Petersburg at the end of the eighteenth century, 1802, GB
E. Morton, Travels in Russia, and a residence at St. Petersburg and Odessa, in the years 1827-1829, 1830, GB
Institutions Archives Russian Federation ArcheoBiblioBase, from IISG, GB
Central State Historical Archive, St. Petersburg
Musea The State Hermitage Museum
The Russian Museum
State Memorial Museum of Leningrad Defense and Siege
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Saint Petersburg Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on St. Petersburg
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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