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Gubernia Kursk Gubernia Kharkov
First posted on February 18th 2008, last revised on July 22nd 2010

History and Administrative Division . In 1708 Voronezh became part of Azov Gubernia. When capital Azov was ceded to the Ottoman Empire in 1711, the gubernia capital was relocated to Voronezh. When Azov was regained by the Russian Empire in 1739, the gubernia administration was moved back to Azov. In 1767 Voronezh Gubernia was separated from Azov Gubernia; in 1779 it was transformed into Voronezh Namestichestvo, in 1796 back into Voronezh Gubernia (Wikipedia). Voronezh Gubernia bordered on Oryol and Tambov Gubernia in the north, on Saratov and Don Gubernia in the east, on Kharkov Gubernia in the south and on Kursk Gubernia in the west.
Voronezh Gubernia was divided in 12 districts (Uyezds) : Voronezh, Biryuch, Bobrov, Boguchar, Korotoyak, Nizhne Dyevitsk, Novo-Khopersk, Ostrogozhsk, Pavlovsk, Valuiki, Zadonsk and Zemlyansk.
The Zemstvo Laws passed in 1864 granted regional self-government on Gubernia and Uyezd level; the regional administrative bodies are refererred to as Zemstvos. The Zemstvos were abolished in the course of the October Revolution.

Population . The population in 1811 was 1,180,000, in 1840 1,564,500, in 1867 2,069,000, in 1885 2,538,700, in 1914 3,687,000 (Lahmeyer). The bulk of the population was ethnic Russian; in the south, Ukrainians were found, further Poles, Gypsies, and at Riebensdorf German settlers. By religion the Russian Orthodox Church dominated; further there were Old Believers, Jews, Roman Catholics.

Economy . In 1884, 69 % of the land was farmland, 16 % pastorage, 8.7 % covered by forest. Main agricultutral products were grain, potatoes, bet sugar, also lentals. In 1884 807 factories with a combined total of 8,139 industrial workers were counted. Leading industries were distilleries, grain mills, beet sugar industry (Meyer). In 1906, 67 % of the land was owned by peasant communities, 3 % by the crown, 30 % by nobles (EB 1911).

Voronezh Gubernia within the RSFSR . Voronezh Gubernia ceded territory in the east to Tambov Gubernia. In 1926, Voronezh Gubernia bordered on Oryol and Tambov Gubernia in the north, on Tsaritsyn Gubernia in the east, on Don Gubernia and Ukraine in the south and on Kursk Gubernia in the west.

Population . The population in 1926 was 2,525,000, in 1939 2,720,000 (Lahmeyer).

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
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Country Profiles Current Article Voronezhskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Voronezh, from EB 1911
Articles : Woronesh, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Voronezh Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Voronezh
Religion Article Doukhobors, Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Article Raskolniks, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
History of Regions
Local History Articles Voronezh : History, Boguchar, Ostrogozhsk, Pavlovsk, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Voronezh

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Government Voronezh etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Maps : W Voronezh, E Voronezh, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Voronezh, Cities : Voronezh, from EB 1911
Articles Woronesh, Birjutsch, Bobrow, Bogutschar, Korotojak, Nishnedewizk, Nowochopersk, Ostrogoshsk, Pawlowsk, Sadonsk, Semljansk, Waluiki, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Geographical Das Gouvernement Woronesch, pp.426-429 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Woronesch, pp.96-99 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Voronezh pp.45-46
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Voronezh Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Voronezh
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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