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Spain Açores
First posted on March 23rd 2002, last revised on March 6th 2010







In the 9th century the County of Portucale was part of the Kingdom of Leon. As the Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal briefly independent 1065-1072, then again subject to Leon / Galicia until 1139 when Portugal became independent and was elevated to a kingdom. Portugal participated in the Reconquista; the Algarve was conquered by 1250.
A Portuguese expedition across the sea to North Africa ended with the conquest of Ceuta in 1415; it was to mark the beginning of the Portuguese Era of Discovery and the establishment of the Portuguese Colonial Empire. The Cape of Good Hope was reached in 1482, the Treaty of Tordesillas signed in 1494, Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498, Pero Alvaro Cabral discovered Brazil in 1500, Goa was conquered in 1510, Malacca in 1511, Canton (Ming China) reached in 1513, the Treaty of Zaragoza signed in 1525, Japan reached in the 1540s.
In 1580 Spain and Portugal were joined in dynastic union. In 1602 the Dutch-Portuguese War began (until 1661), in the course of which the Dutch conquered much of the Portuguese Colonial Empire. In 1640 Portugal regained her independence from Spain under the Bragança Dynasty. From the 1600s onward, Portugal was the junior partner in the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance.
In 1910 Portugal became a republic. From the 1920es to 1974 Portugal was a military dictatorship. Economically backward, Portugal under the dictators attempted to hold on to what was left of her Colonial Empire (Angola, Moçambique, Sao Tome and Principe, Portuguese Guinea, the Cape Verde Islands, Macau and East Timor). In 1974 the Velvet Revolution toppled the dictatorial regime, took steps toward the dissolution of the colonial empire, reintroduced democracy, pursued a policy of economic reform and applied for membvership in the EU (Portugal joined in 1986).

Portugal since 1974 . Portugal 1949-1974 . Portugal 1945-1949 . Portugal 1939-1945 . Portugal 1926-1939 . Portugal 1918-1926 . Portugal 1910-1918 . Portugal 1889-1910 . Portugal 1851-1889 . Portugal 1814-1851 . Portugal 1807-1814 . Portugal 1789-1807 . Portugal 1640-1700 . Portugal 1640-1700 . Portugal 1485-1580 . Portugal 1097-1385

Portuguese Regions : Açores, Madeira

Former Portuguese Colonies : Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde Islands, East Timor, Hormuz, Macau, Malacca, Moçambique, Portuguese Gold Coast, Portuguese Guinea, Portuguese India, Sao Tome and Principe

Historical Atlas, Portugal Page








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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from Eurodata; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Portugal
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Portugal
historical A. Halliday, The present state of Portugal, and of the Portuguese army, 1812, GB
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Portugal, from Wikipedia
Categoria : Portugal, from Wikipedia Portuguese edition
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Labour History, from Virtual Library Economic and Business History
Resources on European History : Spain and Portugal, from Carnegie Mellon Univ., numerous links
from Don Mabry's Historical Text Archive
Category : History of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Categoria : Historia de Portugal, from Wikipedia Portuguese edition
Organizations Sociedade Historica da Independiencia de Portugal
Associaçao Portuguesa de Historia Economica e Social
Associaçao de Professores de Historia
British Historical Society of Portugal
Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies (ASPHS)
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines Timeline of Portuguese history from timelines.ws, data collected from US newspapers; from BBC News
Portugal. Um Pais Uma Historia, in Portuguese, has very detailed timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Portuguese History, from Virtual School
Article History of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee [History of Portugal and the Portuguese Overseas], detailed work in 17 parts with subchapters, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
General, Historical J. Osorio, Histoire de Portugal, vol.1, 1610, vol.2, 1610, in French, GB
J. Lesquien de la Neufville, Histoire Generale de Portugal, vol.1, 1700, vol.2, 1700, in French, GB
N. de la Clede, Histoire Generale de Portugal, vol.1, 1735, vol.3, 1735, vol.4, 1735, vol.5, 1735, vol.6, 1735, vol.7, 1735, vol.8, 1735, in French, GB
D.A. de Lemos Faria y Castro, Historia geral de Portugal, e suas conquistas, vol.1, 1786, vol.2, 1786, vol.3, 1786, vol.4, 1786, vol.5, 1786, vol.6, 1787, vol.7, 1787, vol.8, 1787, vol.9, 1788, vol.11, 1788, vol.12, 1788, vol.13, 1789, vol.14, 1789, vol.15, 1800, vol.16, 1800, vol.17, 1800, vol.18, 1804, vol.19, 1804, in Portuguese, GB
A. Rabbe, Resume de l'histoire de Portugal, depuis les premiers temps de la monarchie jusqu'an 1823, 1824, in French, GB
A. de Moraes Silva, Historia de Portugal, 1828, in Portuguese,GB
H. Schäfer, Geschichte von Portugal, vol.1, 1836, vol.2, 1839, in German, GB
H. Schäfer, Histoire de Portugal, 1840, in French, Gb
J. Cortada, Historia de Portugal : desde los tiempos m? remotos hasta 1839 , 1844, in Spanish, GB
A. Herculano, Historia de Portugal, vol.1, 1853, vol.2, 1854, vol.3, 1858, vol.4, 1862, in Portuguese, GB
Specific Periods D. de Gois, Chronica do felicissimo rey Don emanuel da gloriosa memoria, 1619, in Portuguese, GB ; D. de Goes, Chronica do serenissimo senior rei D. Emanuel, 1790, in Portuguese, GB (on the reign of Manuel I., 1495-1521)
F. Andrada, Cronica do muyto alto e muito poderoso rey destes reynos de Portugal dom Ioao III deste nome, 1613, in Portuguese, GB (Joao III. ruled from 1521 to 1557)
J. Osorio, The history of the Portuguese, during the reign of Emmanuel, 1752, GB
Abbe Vertot, The history of the revolutions of Portugal, 1735, GB
Politics Links Political Resources on the Net : Portugal; Governments on the WWW : Portugal
General Article Politics of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Foreign Relations A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, Section IV : Portugal, pp.517-588, 1839, in French, GB
Military Wars of Portugal 1800-1999, from ACED; Portugal Entries, from Military History Encyclopedia on the Web
Battles of Portugal
Article Military History of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Category : Military History of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Portugal
Article Economic History of Portugal, Economy of Portugal, Portuguese Escudo, from Wikipedia
Economic History of Portugal, from Economic History Encyclopedia
History of Lisbon Stock Exchanges, from Lisbon Euronext; History, of Lisbon Trade Association (Portuguese Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
The Silk Industry in Tras-os-Montes during the Ancien Regime, by Fernando de Souza; History of Cork, from Cork in Portugal; History of Port, from Into Wine
History of Convergence. Lessons from Accession. The Portuguese Disinflation Experience, by Isabel Gameiro Marques
Definitions and History, from Portugal Ceramica
Mina de Sao Domingos, Mertola, Portugal - History of the Mine
Portuguese Views, from Historia Energia, several aspects of Portugal's energy history; Portugal Country Profile, from Alexander's Gas and Oil Connections
Global Integrity : Portugal 2004
Portugal, from European Textile Network (historical sites)
Amorim, Celeste, and Matthias Kipping. Selling Consultancy Services : The Portuguese Case in Historical and Comparative Perspective. Business and Economic History 28, no. 1 (Fall 1999): 45-56.
Social History
Ethnography Languages of Portugal, from Ethnologue
Ethnicity and Ethnic Groups, from Library of Congress : Country Studies : Portugal
Spain, Portugal and France, from The Pariah Syndrome.An Account of Gypsy Slavery and Persecution, by Ian Hancock
Mirandese in Portugal : History, from Euromosaic
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Portugal
Portugal, pp.312-319 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Portugal, from Kirken i Norge
Jewish Virtual History Tour : Portugal; Portugal, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Category Religion in Portugal, from Wikipedia
Meyer Kayserling, Geschichte der Juden in Portugal, 1867, in German, GB
Articles : Roman Catholic Diocese of Angra, Roman Catholic Diocese of Aveiro, Roman Catholic Diocese of Beja, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Braga, Roman Catholic Diocese of Bragança-Miranda, Roman Catholic Diocese of Coimbra, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Evora, Roman Catholic Diocese at Faro, Roman Catholic Diocese of Funchal, Roman Catholic Diocese of Guarda, Roman Catholic Diocese of Lamego, Roman Catholic Diocese of Leiria-Fatima, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lisbon, Roman Catholic Diocese of Portalegre-Castelo Branco, Roman Catholic Diocese of Porto, Roman Catholic Diocese of Santarem, Roman Catholic Diocese of Setubal, Roman Catholic Diocese of Viana do Castelo, Roman Catholic Diocese of Vila Real, Roman Catholic Diocese of Viseu, from Wikipedia
History of Regions see History of the Açores, History of Madeira at this site
History of the Algarve, from The Algarve Network
Categories from Wikipedia : Former Regions and Provinces of Portugal, Regions of Portugal, Subdivisions of Portugal
Articles from Wikipedia : Algarve : History
Regions of Portugal, Municipalities of Portugal, from www.statoids.com
Local History Note : for cities on the Açores, on Madeira see under these regions
History of Lisbon, from Lisbon Guide, from Virtual Jewish History Tour
History of Porto, from Porto Turismo
Articles from Wikipedia : History of Lisbon, Bragança, Coimbra : History, Evora : History, Faro : Portugal, Lagos : History, Portalegre : History, History of Porto, Sagres Point, Santarem : History, Setubal
The city of Olivenza (Wikipedia article; spelling in Spanish; in Portuguese spelled Olivença) was Portuguese from 1297 to 1801, is held by Spain since 1801, but still claimed by Portugal.
Institutions History of Flight : Portugal, from Flight 100; Portugal, from Airline History
Article Education in Portugal, sections History of the University Sector, History of the Polytechnic Sector; Article University of Coimbra, from Wikipedia
Article Academia das Ciencias de Lisboa, from Wikipedia Portuguese edition
Article Portuguese Television Networks, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Portugal; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Portugal; List of Hydroelectric Power Stations, from Wikipedia, scroll down for Portugal
Culture Article History of Portuguese (Language), from Wikipedia
History of Portuguese Literature, from Centro Virtual Camoes; Articles Portuguese Literature from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914, from Wikipedia
Portuguese Music History, from World Discoveries, Article Music History of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Category : Architecture in Portugal, from Wikipedia
Article : Cinema of Portugal, from Wikipedia
The Internationalization of Portuguese Historiography : The View from Economic History, by Pedro Lains
Articles Football in Portugal : History, Portuguese Liga (champions since 1935), Portugal at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Cooking by Country : Portugal, from Recipes for Us; Article Portuguese Cuisine, from Wikipedia
Biographies Standard Works of Reference
Web Compilations, General List of Portuguese People, from Wikipedia
Famous Portuguese, from Nations Encyclopedia
Specialized Compilations Biographies of Portuguese Saints, from Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon, in German, 16 biographies
History of Portugal, from Art-Istocracy of the Past; paintings of Portugal's royalty
Category : Portuguese Nobel Laureates, from Wikipedia
A.C. de Sousa, Memorias historicas : e genealogicas dos grandes de Portugal, 1756, in Portuguese, GB
Others Portugal, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
History of the Portuguese Vegetarian Societies, from International Vegetarian Union
A Short History of Freemasonry in Portugal, by R.L. Anderson
Disaster History by Country : Natural Disasters, Portugal, from Relief Web; Category : Disasters in Portugal, from Wikipedia
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Titles of European Rulers : Portugal
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Portugal, from Wikipedia
Liste der deutschen Botschafter : Lissabon, from Wikipedia German edition (1864- )
Article : United States Ambassadors to Portugal (1922-), from Wikipedia
Embajadores de Mexico en Portugal, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Chinese Ambassadors to Portugal, from PRC MOFA
Lists of Bishops Lista de Bispos de Braga, Lista de Bispos de Ossonoba/Silves/Algarve , Lista dos Bispos da Diocese de Angra, Lista de Bispos de Aveiro, Lista de Bispos de Pax Iulia/Beja, Lista de Bispos da Bragança/Miranda, Lista de Bispos da Aeminium/Coimbra, Lista de Bispos da Funchal, Lista de Bispos da Egitania/Guarda, (Lista de Bispos da Lamego), Lista de Bispos de Leiria, Lista de Bispos da Olisipo/Lisboa, Lista de Bispos da Portalegre, Lista de Bispos de Meinedo/Porto, Lista de Bispos de Santarem , Lista de Bispos de Setubal, Lista de Bispos de Viana fo Castelo, Lista de Bispos de Vila Real, Lista de Bispos de Viseu, from Wikipedia Portuguese edition
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Statistics Portugal
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Portugal, from Population Statistics, at Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Portugal, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
The Marteau Early 18th-Century Currency Converter
Inflation Rates Historical Inflation Rates, from Index Mundi, since 2000
Global Rates : Inflatie Portugal, graph has data since 1955
Economic Data Global Price and Income History Group, Southwest Europe, has a file Portugal 1750-1855
ESFDB (European State Finance Database
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996); from IFES Election Guide (since 1999)
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Portugal, from Area Studies, at Keele
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes : Portugal
Diario da Republica Electronici 1990-
Article : Gazeta de Lisboa, from Wikipedia Portuguese Edition
Hemeroteca Digital, Gazeta de Lisboa 1715-1720, 1820
Gazeta de Lisboa 1710-1a, 1721-1a, 1722-1a, 1723-1a, 1724-1a, 1725-1a, 1726-1a, 1730-1a, 1738-1a, 1742-1a, 1744-1a, 1782-1a, 1813-1, 1813-2, 1814-1, 1814-2, 1815-1, 1815-2, 1816-1, 1816-2, 1817-1, 1817-2, 1818-1, 1818-2, 1819-1a, 1819-1b, 1819-2, 1820-1, 1820-2, 1823-1a, 1823-1b, 1823-2, 1824-1, 1824-2, 1825-1, 1825-2, 1826-1, 1826-2, 1827-2, 1828-2, 1829-1, 1829-2, 1830-1, 1830-2, 1831-1, 1831-2, 1832-1, 1832-2, 1833-1, 1833-2, GB
Diario do governo : see Wikipedia Article Diario da Republica 1821 vol.1-2, 1822 vol.1, 1822 vol.2, 1822 vol.3, 1822 vol.4, in Portuguese, GB
Hemerotheques Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa, Hemeroteca Digital
Specific Newspapers The History of the Republic of Portugal, from World History Archives, a number of recent newspaper articles
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks - Portugal Entries Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Portugal vol.1 1864 pp.353-367, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.349-361, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.359-371, GB, vol.4 1867 pp.373-386, GB, vol.5 1868 pp.373-386, GB, vol.6 1869 pp.373-386, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch vol.65 pp.149-154, 1827, vol.66 pp.182-189, 1835, vol.67 pp.189-197, 1839, in German, GB
Newsreels
Propaganda Films George C. Marshall Motion Pictures
Films on History/Society Portugal Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); Cinemateca Portuguesa, Portuguese Film Archive
Article : Cinema of Portugal, from Wikipedia
Portugal, from Cinema of the World; Portuguese History Movies, from film.fm (this page lists films by language; most Portuguese language films are Brazilian)
List of Portuguese Films of the 1930s, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, from Wikipedia; Portugal Film, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
J.T. Kozak, Historical Depictions of the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons : Portugal
Universal Collections
Items on Portugal
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports; scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Portugal
Archival Deposits Portugal Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Nationaalarchief (NL) Inventaris van het archief van het Nederlands Gezantschap in Portugal, (1789) 1823-1898; Inventaris van het archief van het Nederlands Gezantschap in Portugal, 1815-1821; Inventaris van de archieven van de Legatie in Portugal, (1651) 1783-1804; Consulaat-Generaal te Lissabon, (1773) 1780-1809; Inventaris van het archief van het Gezantschap te Portugal (Lissabon), (1759) 1888-1954 (1957); Inventaris van het archief van het Consulaat te Lissabon, 1757-1809 en 1814-1861 (1879-1935); Inventaris van het archief van het Consulaat-generaal te Lissabon (Portugal), (1641) 1802-1944 (1955)
Constitutions, Laws Ius Lusitaniae
Verfassungen Portugals (Constitutions of Portugal), from verfassungen.eu, in German
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Portugal, from ILO, 77 docs. since 1919
Internet Law Library : Portugal
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Portugal
Portugal, pp.161-162 in Johann Vesque von P?tlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Portugal, pp.81-83 in vol.1 of Table des trait? entre la France et les puissances ?rang?es, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'?nos jours, 1802, in French, GB
Document Surveys British Library, Social Sciences Collection Guides, Portuguese Government Documents
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Portugal
Documents on Portuguese History from Eurodocs, a collection of links; from Portugal's History on-line, a rich collection of 20th century documents, mostly in English translation
Ch.13 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Portugallicarum et Hispanicarum, pp.273-297 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
J.C. Pinto de Sousa, Bibliotheca historica de Portugal, e seus dominios ultramarinos, 2nd ed. 1801, in Portuguese, GB
Individual Documents
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO : National Map Agencies : Portugal : Instituto Geografico Portugues, Lisboa
collections click here
Portugal, Historic Area, City Maps, from Discus Media
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Portugal
Portugal Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Portugal, Maps of the History of Portugal, Wikimedia Commons
Portugal, hindsight Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Maps : Europe in the Year 900, 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, from Euratlas
Europe 1792, 1796, 1799, 1805, 1808, 1812, 1814, 1815, 1913, 1921, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1989, 1998, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Iberian Peninsula 1591, 1787, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Portugal, contemporary Portugal 1906, 1922, 1938, Industry 1922, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight Couto Misto until 1864, Olivenza, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
detail, contemporary City Panoramas 1750, from Historic Maps, Lissabon
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Portugal, Provinces : Traz-os-Montes, Entre Minho e Douro, Beira, Alemtejo, Estremadura (on both E. in Spain and in P.), Algarve, Cities : Braga, Braganza (Bragança), Cintra, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Lagos, Lisbon, Oporto, Portalegre, Setubal, from EB 1911
Articles Portugal, Alemtejo, Algarve, Beira, Estremadura, Braga, Braganza, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Lagos, Lissabon, Portalegre, Setubal, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Portugal, Patriarchate of Lisbon, Diocese of Coimbra, Archdiocese of Braga, Oporto, Portalegre, Faro, Archdiocese of Evora, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Articles Portugal, Lisbon, Porto (Oporto), Coimbra, Bragança, Evora, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Lissabon, Porto oder Oporto, Sanct Hubes (Setubal), posted by DTBSWS
J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Lissabon, posted by DTBSWS
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Portugal, vol.1 1830 pp.249-268, vol.4 1844 pp.121-133, posted by DTBSWS
Portugal, pp.468-469 in A. Moser, Die Capitalanlage in Werthpapieren der Staaten, Creditvereine und Actiengesellschaften des In- und Auslandes, 1862, in German, GB
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Portugal
Political Portugal, pp.3-16 in F.L. Bressler, Die Heutigen Christlichen Souverainen von Europa, 1698, in German, GB
Le Ceremonial de la Cour de Portugal, pp.375-387 in vol.2 of J.R. de Missy, Le Ceremonial diplomatique des cours de l' Europe, 1739, in French, GB
Gouvernement de Portugal, pp.107-122 in vol.2 of G. de Real de Curbon, La science du gouvernement, 1762, in French, GB
Geographical Die Königreiche Spanien und Portugal, pp.11-42 in F. von Rudtorffer, Militär-Geographie von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
Spain and Portugal, pp.78-96 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Portugal pp.304-311 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
Portugal, pp.233-237 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Spanish Region, pp.58-102 in Th. Lavallee, Physical, historical and military geography, 1868, GB
Portugal, pp.180-182 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Ethnographical Royaume du Portugal, pp.222-229 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical De Regno Portugalliae, pp.270-277 in J.C. Becmann, Historia Orbis Terrarum Geographica 1673, in Latin, GB
Chapter III : Portugal, pp.70-83 in : Samuel von Pufendorf, An introduction to the history of the principal kingdoms and states of Europe, 1719, GB
Abstract of the History of Portugal, pp.787-814? in vol.2 of Th. Salmon Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Portugal, pp.101-133 in vol.1 of the 1st edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1793, in German, GB
History of Portugal, pp.1-110 in vol.15 of W.F. Mavor, Universal history, ancient and modern, 1807, GB
Portugal pp.111-151 in vol.1 of the 2nd edition of of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Portugal pp.122-165 in vol.1 of the 3rd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1823, in German, GB
Histoire du Portugal, depuis 1614 jusqu'en 1714, pp.172-270 [on 1614-1714] in vol.31 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
Specialist Encyclopedias Article : Portugiesische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates Debates Parlamentares 1975-
Tour Guides, Travelogues G.D. Whittingdon, Travels through Spain and part of Portugal: with commercial, statistical and geographical details, 1808, GB
K. Baedeker, Spain and Portugal: Handbook for Travellers, 1898 1901, 1913, IA
Murray's, A handbook for travellers in Portugal, 1856, GB
W.H. Harrison, The tourist in Portugal , 1839, GB
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Portugal, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 26 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Portugal, 95 entries
Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Portugal, from Wikipedia
Museums in Portugal, from apropos.ca
Museum Websites Museu de Marinha
Museu Nacional de Arqueologia
Museu Nacional de Etnologia
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Portugal, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Portugal), Tentative Lists : Portugal
Libraries Libraries in Portugal, from LibDex
History of the Portuguese National Library, from The European Library
Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Portugal, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coins of the Kingdom of Portugal, from The Maskukat Collection
Portugal Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Portuguese Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery,
Others

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Portugal survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Porbase, base nacional de dados bibliograficos
general bibliographies CACAO Project : History of Portugal EN, FR, GER
Portuguese History Bibliography, from Yale University Library
pp.184-283 in Douglas L. Wheeler (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Portugal, Scarecrow 2003; KMLA Library R 946.9 W562h
annual bibliographies Bibliografia Anual de Historia de Portugal, year 1990 online
specialist bibliographies Bibliografia de Historia Contemporea de Portugal, Pt.1 1790-1910
O Anarquismo na Historia de Portugal, Bibliografia
Os Jesuitas em Portugal, Bibliografia
serial publications Sociedade Historica da Independiencia de Portugal, Publicaçoes : Livros
British Historical Society of Portugal, Publications
Centro de Historia de Alem-Mar, Publicaçoes
Instituto dos Museus e da Conservaçao, Publicaçoes
general bibliographies
Portugal entries
Ch.13 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Portugallicarum et Hispanicarum, pp.273-297 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
booksellers Guarda-Mor, O Portal da Historia, Livros de Historia, Publicados em Portugal, Livros de Historia Publicados no Estrangeiro sobre Portugal
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
on Portugal Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal - Biblioteca Digital
Instituto Camoes Portugal, Biblioteca Digital
Thesis Server
Online Journals Links Sistema de Informacion Cientifica REDALYC. Red de Revistas Cientificas de America Latina y el Caribe, Espana y Portugal
full text online Association for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies Bulletin of Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies 1969-
e-Journal of Portuguese History
contents online Encontros APHES
Historiography Article : Portuguese Historiography, by L.R. Torgal, pp.728-731, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts James Maxwell Anderson, The History of Portugal, Greenwood 2000, 248 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.9 A546h
David Birmingham, A Concise History of Portugal, Cambridge UP, 1993, 209 pp.; KMLA Lib.Sign. 946.9 B619a
Economic, Social History
Specific Periods Portugal, pp.138-144, in : Derek H. Aldcroft, Europe's Third World. The European Periphery in the Interwar Years. Leicester : UP 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.09724 A357e
V.M. Godinho, Portugal and her Empire, ch.16 / pp.384-397 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.V : The Ascendancy of France 1648-1688, Cambridge UP 1964 [G]
., Spain and her Empire, ch.15 / pp.369-383 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.V : The Ascendancy of France 1648-1688, Cambridge UP 1964 [G]
V.M. Godinho, Portugal and her Empire 1680-1720, ch.16 / pp.509-540 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.VI : The Rise of Great Britain and Russia 1688-1725, Cambridge UP 1970 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Douglas L. Wheeler (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Portugal, Scarecrow 2003; KMLA Lib.Sign. R 946.9 W562h
Articles : Azores pp.54-56, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Sources G.A. Pery, Geographia e estatistica geral de Portugal e colonias, com um atlas (1875) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive