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Gubernia Poltava Gubernia Ekaterinoslav
First posted on February 18th 2008, last revised on July 23rd 2010

History and Administrative Division . Kharkov Gubernia was established in 1835, predecessor Slobidska Ukraine (1765-1780, 1796-1835); abolished in 1925. Kharkov Gubernia bordered on Kursk and Voronezh Gubernia in the north, on Don Gubernia in the east, of Ekaterinoslav Gubernia in the south and on Poltava Gubernia in the west.
Kharkov Gubernia was divided in 11 districts (Uyezds) : Akhtyrka, Bogodukhov, Izium, Kharkov, Kupiansk, Lebedyn, Starobielsk, Sumy, Valky, Vovchansk, Smiiy.
The Zemstvo constitution was introduced in 1865, providing for a degree of autonomy. The Zemstvo councils were dominated by noble owners of estates (EOU : Zemstvo).
In 1918/1919 Kharkov Gubernia was allocated to Ukraine.

Population . The population in 1811 was 370,000, in 1840 865,500, in 1867 1,498,000, in 1885 2,026,900, in 1914 3,495,600 (Lahmeyer). The population figures do reflect a considerable level of immigration. Immigrants were mainly Ukrainians, Cossacks, and Russians, further Kalmyks, Gypsies, Armenians, Germans, Greeks. The majority was Russian Orthodox; there were Old Believers, Jews, Protestants and Catholics. In 1897, the following cities had a population of over 10,000 : Kharkov, Sumy, Akhtyrka, Lebedyn, Starobielsk, Izyum, Bogodukhov, Volchansk (EB 1911).

Economy . In 1884, 47.5 % of the area was farmland, 31.5 % pastorage, 9.7 % forest. Main agricultural products were grain, maize, hemp, flax, beet sugar, hop, tobacco, lentals, vegetables and fruits, especially cherries. Leading industries were beet sugar production, textile factories, breweries, tanneries, ironworks, distilleries etc. (Meyer). In 1906, 63 % of the land was owned by peasant communities, 25 % by nobles, 6 % by the crown (EB 1911).

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Country Profiles Current Article Kharkiv Gubernia, from Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Article Kharkovskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical Articles : Governments : Kharkov, from EB 1911
Articles : Charkow, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary EOA : Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Kharkov Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Kharkov
Ethnography Languages of Ukraine, from Ethnologue
Religion Article Protestants in Ukraine, Russian Mennonite, History of the Jews in Ukraine, from Wikipedia
Jewish History of Ukraine, by Daniel Romanowski
Article Ukrainian Orthodox Church, from Wikipedia
History, from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Early Russian Mennonite History, by C. Henry Smith (1927)
History of Regions
Local History Articles Kharkiv : History, Okhtyrka : History (Akhtyrka), Bohodukhiv, Izium, Lebedyn, Sumy : History, Starobilsk, Valky, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Ukraine : Kharkiv

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Archival Collections Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Historical Maps Government Kharkov etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Kharkov Gubernia, n.d., posted by Wikimedia, in Russian
Maps : Kharkov, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article : Slowods-Ukraine, in : Pierer's Universal-Lexikon, 1857-1865, in German, posted by Zeno
Articles Charkow, Achtyrka, Bogoduchow, Isjum, Lebedin, Smijew, Sumy, Starobielsk, Walki, Woltschansk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article : Charkow, from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno
Articles : Governments : Kharkov, Cities : Kharkov, Slavyansk, Akhtyrka, Bogodukhov, Sumy, from EB 1911
Geographical Das Gouvernement der slobodischen Ukraine, pp.440-445 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement der slobodischen Ukraine, pp.151-154 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Kharkov p.25
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Archives of Ukraine
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Kharkov Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Kharkov
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h

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