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Gubernia Chernigov Gubernia Kiev
First posted on February 15th 2008, last revised on July 23rd 2010

History and Administrative Division . Created in 1802, dissolved in 1917-1925. Predecessors Malorossiya Gubernia 1796-1802, before that the area had been placed under a Namestnik (viceroy) in 1781. Prior to that it had been under the Ukrainian Hetmanate. Poltava Gubernia bordered on Chernigov and Kursk Gubernia in the north, on Kharkov Gubernia in the east, on Ekaterinoslav and Kherson Gubernia in the south, and of Kiev Gubernia in the west.
The Zemstvo constitution, providing for regional self-administration, was introduced in 1865. As Zemstvo parliaments were dominated by estate owners, these institutions were abolished in the course of the Russian Revolution.
Following the Russian Revolution and Civil War 1917-1920 the area became part of the Ukraine.

Population . Population in 1885 2,653,189 (Meyer), in 1897 2,778,151, in 1914 2,794,727 (Wikipedia). The inhabitants, by ethnicity were mostly Ukrainian, by religion Russian Orthodox, with a few Catholics, Protestants and Jews (Meyer).

Economy . In 1884, 66.5 % of the area was farmland, 22.7 % pastorage, 5.8 % forest. Main agricultural products were grain, lentals, hop, melons, tobacco. Leading industries included beet sugar industry, distilleries, grain mills, tobacco processing. (Meyer). In 1906, peasant communities owned 52 % of the farmland, with 42 % being owned by nobles (EB 1911).

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Country Profiles Current Article Poltava Governorate, from Wikipedia
Article Poltavskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Article Poltava Gubernia, from Brockhaus / Efron 1890-1907, in Russian
Historical Articles : Governments : Poltava, from EB 1911
Articles : Poltawa, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Poltava Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Poltava
Ethnography Languages of Ukraine, from Ethnologue
Religion Jewish History of Ukraine, by Daniel Romanowski
Article Ukrainian Orthodox Church, from Wikipedia
History, from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
History of Regions Article Pale of Settlement, from Wikipedia; Pale of Settlement, from Jewish Virtual Library
Local History Articles Poltava : History, Khorol, Hadiach, Kobeliaky, Kremenchuk : History, Lokhvytsia, Lubny : History, Myrhorod, Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi, Pyriatyn, Pryluky : History, Romny : History, Zinkiv, Zolotonosha : History, from Wikipedia
Articles Zinkiv, from Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Ukraine, Poltava Oblast
Others Poltava Gubernia, from JewishGen Ukraine SIG

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Documents Archival Deposits Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Historical Maps Government Poltava etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Poltava Gubernia (n.d.), posted by Wikimedia
Maps : Poltava, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Poltava, Cities : Poltava, Pereyaslavl, Kremenchug, from EB 1911
Articles Poltawa, Chorol, Gadjatsch, Kobeljaki, Konstantinograd, Krementschug, Lochwitza, Lubny, Mirgorod, Perejasslawl, Pirjatin, Priluki, Romny, Senkow, Solotonoscha, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Poltava, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Geographical Das Gouvernement Poltawa, pp.507-509 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Poltawa, pp.149-151 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Poltava pp.33-34
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Archives of Ukraine
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Poltava Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Poltava
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h

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