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Gubernia Minsk
First posted on February 14th 2008, last revised on July 26th 2010

History and Administrative Division . The territory of the Government of Volhynia was part of the Kingdom of Poland-Lithuania until it was annexed by the Russian Empire in the Second Polish Partition 1793 and in the Third Polish Partition 1795. It was an administrative unit (government, gubernia) of the Russian Empire until the Russian Revolution, following which it was partitioned by Ukraine, Belarus and Poland; since 1945 most of its territory is Ukrainian, some parts on northern Volhynia Belarussian.
Volhynia Gubernia bordered on Congress Poland in the west, on Galicia (Austria-Hungary, on Podolia Gubernia in the south, on Kiev Gubernia in the east, on Minsk and Grodno Gubernia in the north.
Volhynia Gubernia was divided in 12 Uyezds : Dubno, Kovel, Kremenets, Lutsk, Novgorod Volynsk, Ostrog, Ovruch, Rovno, Saslavl, Zhitomir, Staro-Konstantinov, Vladimir-Volynsk.
The Zemstvo Constitution was only introduced in 1911; Zemstvo institutions were dominated by the nobility, and abolished in the course of the Russian Revolution.

Population . The population was 1,213,000 in 1810, 1,412,900 in 1840, 1,643,300 in 1867, 2,196,000 in 1885, 4,241,800 in 1915 (Lahmeyer). The area was affected by Napoleon's invasion of Russia 1812-1813 and by the Polish rebellions of 1830-1831 and 1863-1864. The population consisted of Ukrainians, Poles, Russians, Belarussians,Jews, Lithuanians, Germans and Tatars; by religion of Russian Orthodox Christians, of Roman Catholics and of Jews. Poles dominated the Volhynian nobility and the Volhynian cities, which also had a strong Jewish element.

Economy . In 1884, 37.5 % of the area was farmland, 32 % covered by forest, 18.5 % pastorage. Main agricultural products were grain, potatoes, lentals. In 1884, 806 factories with a combined workforce of 10,118 workers were counted (Meyer). Timber was exported. Forest products (pitch, tar etc.) were produced, coal and lignite mined (EB 1911).

Culture . The Julian Calendar was reintroduced in 1800.

Historic Encyclopedias on Volhynia Gubernia (1837-1909)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
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Country Profiles Current Wolyn, from Eastern Borderlands of the II Polish Republic
Article Volynskaya Gubernia, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Wolhynien, from BKGE, in German
Historical Articles : Governments : Volhynia, from EB 1911
Articles : Wolhynien, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Accounts of History
Economy & Finances List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire : Volyn Gubernia, from The Virtual Matchbox Label Museum, in Russian
Russia, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Volhynia
Ethnography Languages of Ukraine, from Ethnologue
Religion Jewish History of Ukraine, by Daniel Romanowski
Article Ukrainian Orthodox Church, from Wikipedia
History, from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
History of Regions Article Pale of Settlement, from Wikipedia; Pale of Settlement, from Jewish Virtual Library
Local History Articles Zhytomyr : History, Dubno : History, Kovel, Kremenets : History, Lutsk : History, Novohrad-Volynskyi, Ostroh, Radyvyliv, Rivne : History, Volodimir-Volynsky, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Ukraine, Zhytomyr Oblast, Volhynia Oblast, Rivne Oblast

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Historical Maps Government Volhynia etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Volhynia Gubernia Map, posted by Michael Steinore
Volhynia Gubernia map, from Wikimedia, undated, in Russian
Map : Royaume du Pologne, (shows Volhynia Gubernia; Heck, Atlas Geographique et Historique 1835), posted by M. Witkam
Maps : W Volhynia, E Volhynia, (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Governments : Volhynia, Cities : Zhitomir, Kremenets, Lutsk, Ostrog, Vladimir-Volhynskiy, from EB 1911
Articles Wolhynien, Shitomir, Dubno, Kowel, Kremenez, Luzk, Nowograd Wolynsk, Ostrog, Radziwilow, Rowno, Sasslawl, Staro-Konstantinow, Wladimir-Wolynsk, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Volhynien, from Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German
Articles Wolynien (Gov.), Dubno, Kowel, Kremenez, Luzk, Ostrog, Owrutsch, Rowno, Shitomir, Staro-Konstantinow, from Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 1902-1908, in German
Religious Articles Zhitomir, Dubno, Kovel, Kremenets, Lutsk, Ostrog, Starokonstantinov, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
Article Lutzk, Zhitomir and Kamenetz, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1908 edition
Geographical Das Gouvernement Wolhynien, pp.492-494 in Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Kunde vom Russischen Reiche in Europa und Asien, vol.3 of Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, 1807, in German, GB
Das Gouvernement Wolhynien, pp.279-282 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Volhynia p.45
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Archives of Ukraine
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Volyn Gubernia Coat of Arms, from Civic Heraldry; from Vector Images

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Volhynia EBSEES (European Bibliography of Slavic and Eastern European Studies), search for Wolhynen, Volhynia
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h

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